Tutush I

Abu Sa'id Taj ad-Dawla Tutush I (Turkish: I. Tutuş, Arabic: أبو سعيد تاج الدولة تتش السلجوقي‎) (died 1095) was the Seljuq emir of Damascus from 1078 to 1092, and Seljuq sultan of Damascus from 1092 to 1094.

In 1078, his brother Sultan Malik-Shah I sent him to Damascus to help Atsiz ibn Uvaq al-Khwarazmi, who was besieged.[1] After the siege had ended, Tutush had Atsiz executed and installed himself in Damascus.[1]

Tutush finished the construction of the Citadel of Damascus, a project begun under the direction of Atsiz. Tutush took control of Syria in 1092, following the death of his brother, Malik Shah I, naming himself Sultan.[1] Tutush, along with his general the Kakuyid Ali ibn Faramurz, were shortly defeated in a battle by Sultan Barkiyaruq near Ray in 1095, where he and Ali were killed. Tutush was decapitated and his head was displayed in Baghdad.[1]

Tutush's younger son Duqaq then inherited Damascus, whilst Radwan received Aleppo, splitting their father's realm.[2] His youngest son Irtash was briefly ruler of Damascus in 1104.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Flood 2001, p. 145.
  2. ^ Bosworth 1968, p. 108.

SourcesEdit

  • Bosworth, C. E. (1968). "The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World (A.D. 1000–1217)". In Frye, R. N. (ed.). The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 5: The Saljuq and Mongol periods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 1–202. ISBN 0-521-06936-X.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Flood, Finbarr B. (2001). A Group of Reused Byzantine Tables as Evidence for Seljuq Architectural Patronage in Damascus. Iran. 39.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Atsiz ibn Uvaq
Emir of Damascus
1079–1095
Succeeded by
Duqaq
Preceded by
Aq Sunqur al-Hajib
Sultan of Aleppo
1094–1095
Succeeded by
Radwan ibn Tausch