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Tumut (/ˈtmət/)[2] is a town in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia, situated on the banks of the Tumut River.

Tumut
New South Wales
TumutAnglicanChurch.JPG
All Saints Anglican Church, Tumut
Tumut is located in New South Wales
Tumut
Tumut
Coordinates35°18′17″S 148°13′22″E / 35.30472°S 148.22278°E / -35.30472; 148.22278Coordinates: 35°18′17″S 148°13′22″E / 35.30472°S 148.22278°E / -35.30472; 148.22278
Population6,230 (2016 census)[1]
Postcode(s)2720
Elevation305.0 m (1,001 ft)
Location
LGA(s)Snowy Valleys Council
CountyWynyard
State electorate(s)Wagga Wagga
Federal Division(s)Eden-Monaro
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
21 °C
70 °F
6.6 °C
44 °F
907.2 mm
35.7 in
Localities around Tumut:
Gilmore Gocup Bombowlee
Wereboldera Tumut Lacmalac
Wereboldera Jones Bridge Tumut Plains

Tumut sits on the north-west foothills of the Snowy Mountains and is located in the traditional lands of the Wiradjuri, Ngarigo and Ngunnawal aboriginal peoples.[3]

Tumut is often referred to as the 'gateway to the snowy' Snowy Mountains Scheme. The former Tumut Shire was administered from offices located in the town. Tumut is approximately 410 kilometres (250 mi) south-west of Sydney and 525 kilometres (330 mi) north-east of Melbourne.

Tumut is home to a number of historic buildings, including an Anglican church designed by Edmund Blacket and a Courthouse designed by James Barnet. Many of the pubs in the town have been in use from the mid to late 1800s.

Early settlers established a large number of European deciduous trees throughout the area. The stand of Poplars, Elm and Willow, amongst others, create a well renowned display of colour over autumn. Tumut celebrates this with the yearly Festival of the Falling Leaf.

Contents

EtymologyEdit

The word Tumut is derived from a possibly Wiradjuri indigenous word for the area, possibly doo-maaht or doormat, meaning "a quiet resting place by the river".[4]

HistoryEdit

 
Wynyard Street
 
The town from the Rotary Lookout

The area's rivers may have been the boundaries or connection-points of the three traditional owners linked to this 'country'. During summertime, the high country was a meeting place for tribes, with Bogong moths being an abundant food source in the warmer months.[5]

British pastoralists began acquiring land in the area during the 1830s. In 1840, Tumut was chosen as the headquarters for the section of the paramilitary Border Police based in the Murrumbidgee District. This force aided the colonists suppress both Aboriginal resistance and the raids of bushrangers, and was under the command of the local Commissioner of Crown Lands in Henry Bingham.[6] In 1845, a Court of Petty Sessions was established at Tumut with Frederick Walker appointed as the inaugural magistrate. Walker later became famous as the first commandant of the brutal Native Police force based mostly in Queensland.[7]

Tumut Post Office opened 1 January 1849.[8] A public hospital opened in the town in 1900.[9] After many years of lobbying by the local community, construction of the railway line from Gundagai began in 1901, reaching Tumut by 1903 with the first train arriving on 2 December that year. A further extension was built to Batlow and Kunama from a junction at Gilmore, a few kilometres southwest of Tumut. Train services were progressively reduced in the early 1980s before the final trains to Cootamundra ran in January 1984 before being suspended when flood damage to the line was deemed not economical to repair.[10]

Tumut was one of the ten areas short-listed in 1908 as a site for the Australian Capital Territory. Other locations that were short-listed include Albury, Armidale, Bombala, Dalgety, Lake George, Orange, Tooma, Lyndhurst and Yass-Canberra.[11] An earlier vote following inspections of potential sites in 1902 saw the new Federal House of Representatives vote in favour of Tumut as the location for the capital, however the Senate favoured Bombala so no consensus was reached.[12]

The town's rugby league team competed in the Riverina Maher Cup competition, beginning as a fixture between teams from Gundagai and Tumut under rugby union rules in 1920, before switching to league rules in 1921.

Heritage listingsEdit

Tumut has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

EconomyEdit

Tumut is the centre of a softwood industry based on plantation Pinus radiata. CarterHoltHarvey Woodproducts (Central and Northern Regions) Pty Ltd operate a major sawmill on Adelong Road (the Snowy Mountains Highway) and a chipboard panel factory next door. 8 km further west on the Snowy Mountains Highway at Gilmore the company also operates a sawlog processing plant.

The Visy pulp and paper mill is located north of the Snowy Mountains Highway at Gadara (between Tumut and Adelong). The Visy mill is the only paper mill owned by Visy that makes paper from wood (their other mills all use recycled paper as the raw material), and is one of the biggest wood mills in Australia.

TransportEdit

Tumut is situated on the Snowy Mountains Highway, but is connected by secondary roads to Gundagai as well as alternative routes to Canberra across the Brindabella Range via Brindabella Road and Wee Jasper Road. Despite being more direct, the terrain and road conditions limit traffic via these routes. This has led to calls by the council and local businesses for funding to upgrade the Brindabella Road, as the increased traffic would provide the town greater economic opportunities.[18]

The town was served by a railway branch line from Cootamundra, which operated from 1903 until 1984, when services were suspended due to flooding. Although the line is not formally closed, it is unlikely to see service again with sections of track lifted during upgrades to the Hume Highway near Gundagai.[19]

Tumut Shire operates Tumut Airport, a small facility located a few kilometres out of town catering to general aviation. Currently there are no scheduled services to the airport.

SportEdit

The Tumut Blues compete in the Group 9 Rugby League competition, winning premierships in 1949, 1973, 2007, 2008 and 2010.[20]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Tumut (state suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 June 2017.  
  2. ^ Tumut. Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition. Melbourne: The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. 2005. ISBN 1-876429-14-3.
  3. ^ "Indigenous tribes map". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  4. ^ Reed, A. W. (1973). Place Names of Australia. Frenchs Forest: Reed Books Pty Limited. p. 214. ISBN 0-589-50128-3.
  5. ^ Horton, D. "Welcome to Ngunnawal Country". National Capital Authority. Archived from the original on 29 March 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  6. ^ "MURRUMBIDGEE". The Sydney Herald. X (1029). New South Wales, Australia. 19 August 1840. p. 3. Retrieved 10 March 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  7. ^ "HISTORICAL TUMUT". The Tumut Advocate And Farmers And Settlers' Adviser. VII (433). New South Wales, Australia. 21 December 1909. p. 2 (Enlarged Edition). Retrieved 10 March 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  8. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Archived from the original on 19 August 2008. Retrieved 11 June 2009.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "TUMUT BRANCH LINE OPERATIONS HISTORY". Gundagai Heritage Railway. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  11. ^ "BBC Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia UPDATE". Archived from the original on 8 October 2007. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  12. ^ Pegrum, R. "The Siting and Naming of Canberra". National Capital Authority. Archived from the original on 29 March 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  13. ^ "Adelong Falls Gold Workings/Reserve". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00072. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  14. ^ "Tumut Railway Station group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01273. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Montreal Community Theatre and Moveable Heritage Collection". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01909. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  16. ^ "Junction Bridge". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01471. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  17. ^ "Tumut Post Office (Place ID 106198)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  18. ^ "Tourism operator pushes for Brindabella upgrade". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 21 August 2012. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  19. ^ Bozier, Rolfe; et al. "Tumut Branch". NSWrail.net. Archived from the original on 1 April 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  20. ^ "First Grade Premiership Winners & Runner Ups". Fox Sports Pulse. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  21. ^ "Second Rudd Ministry" (PDF). Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet. Commonwealth of Australia. 1 July 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2013.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ "Tim Myers Interview - Mountainwatch". Mountainwatch. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  23. ^ "This is the best ski movie ever". NewsComAu. Archived from the original on 26 September 2018. Retrieved 26 September 2018.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Tumut at Wikimedia Commons