Division of Eden-Monaro

The Division of Eden-Monaro is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales.

Eden-Monaro
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of EDEN-MONARO 2016.png
Division of Eden-Monaro in New South Wales, as of the 2016 federal election.
Created1901
MPKristy McBain
PartyLabor
NamesakeEden and Monaro
Electors116,468 (2022)
Area41,617 km2 (16,068.4 sq mi)
DemographicRural

The previous member, Mike Kelly resigned due to ill health on 30 April 2020. The seat was filled at a by-election on 4 July 2020.

GeographyEdit

Since 1984, federal electoral division boundaries in Australia have been determined at redistributions by a redistribution committee appointed by the Australian Electoral Commission. Redistributions occur for the boundaries of divisions in a particular state, and they occur every seven years, or sooner if a state's representation entitlement changes or when divisions of a state are malapportioned.[1]

HistoryEdit

The town of Eden and
the region of Monaro, the division's namesakes

The division was proclaimed in 1900, and was one of the original 65 divisions to be contested at the first federal election. It is named for the town of Eden and the Monaro district of southern New South Wales.

Its boundaries have changed very little throughout its history, and it includes the towns of Yass, Bega and Cooma and the city of Queanbeyan. It completely surrounds the Australian Capital Territory.

Until 1943 the seat was held by non-Labor parties for all but three years. Since then, it has been consistently marginal, though it was in Labor hands for all but one term from 1943 to 1975.

Up to the 2016 election, Eden-Monaro was long regarded as Australia's most well-known "bellwether seat". From the 1972 election until the 2013 election, Eden-Monaro was won by the party that also won the election. During this time, all of its sitting members were defeated at the polls – none retired or resigned.

Liberal incumbent Peter Hendy was defeated by Labor's Mike Kelly at the 2016 election. Kelly had previously represented Eden-Monaro from 2007 to 2013. Kelly's 2016 victory made him the seat's first opposition MP elected since 1969. The nation's new bellwether became the seat of Robertson – continually won by the party that also won government since the 1983 election. "Best" bellwether aside, ABC psephologist Antony Green classed a total of eleven electorates as bellwethers in his 2016 election guide.[2]

Labor’s Kristy McBain became the first woman to represent the division when she narrowly held the seat in the 2020 Eden-Monaro by-election.[3] At the 2022 election, she held the seat with a large swing to her.

MembersEdit

Image Member Party Term Notes
    (Sir) Austin Chapman
(1864–1926)
Protectionist 29 March 1901
26 May 1909
Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Braidwood. Served as Chief Government Whip in the House under Barton. Served as minister under Deakin and Bruce. Died in office
  Commonwealth Liberal 26 May 1909 –
17 February 1917
  Nationalist 17 February 1917 –
12 January 1926
    John Perkins
(1878–1954)
Nationalist 6 March 1926
12 October 1929
Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Goulburn. Served as Chief Government Whip in the House under Bruce. Lost seat
    John Cusack
(1868–1956)
Labor 12 October 1929
19 December 1931
Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Albury. Did not contest in 1931. Failed to win the Division of Cowper
    John Perkins
(1878–1954)
United Australia 19 December 1931
21 August 1943
Served as minister under Lyons, Page and Menzies. Lost seat
    Allan Fraser
(1902–1977)
Labor 21 August 1943
26 November 1966
Lost seat
    Dugald Munro
(1930–1973)
Liberal 26 November 1966
25 October 1969
Lost seat
    Allan Fraser
(1902–1977)
Labor 25 October 1969
2 November 1972
Retired. Later elected to the Australian Capital Territory House of Assembly seat of Fraser in 1975
    Bob Whan
(1933–2015)
Labor 2 December 1972
13 December 1975
Lost seat
    Murray Sainsbury
(1940–)
Liberal 13 December 1975
5 March 1983
Lost seat
    Jim Snow
(1934–)
Labor 5 March 1983
2 March 1996
Lost seat
    Gary Nairn
(1951–)
Liberal 2 March 1996
24 November 2007
Served as minister under Howard. Lost seat
    Mike Kelly
(1960–)
Labor 24 November 2007
7 September 2013
Served as minister under Gillard and Rudd. Lost seat
    Peter Hendy
(1962–)
Liberal 7 September 2013
2 July 2016
Served as minister under Abbott and Turnbull. Lost seat
    Mike Kelly
(1960–)
Labor 2 July 2016
30 April 2020
Resigned due to ill health
    Kristy McBain
(1982–)
Labor 4 July 2020
present
Incumbent. Currently a minister under Albanese

Election resultsEdit

2022 Australian federal election: Eden-Monaro[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labor Kristy McBain 43,215 42.57 +3.40
Liberal Jerry Nockles 33,520 33.02 −3.99
Greens Vivian Harris 9,376 9.24 +0.46
One Nation Boyd Shannon 4,351 4.29 +4.29
Liberal Democrats Maxwell Holmes 2,625 2.59 +2.59
United Australia Darren Garnon 2,566 2.53 −0.24
Sustainable Australia James Holgate 2,260 2.23 +2.23
Independent Andrew Thaler 2,044 2.01 +2.01
Informed Medical Options Toni Mclennan 909 0.90 +0.90
Australian Democrats Greg Butler 651 0.64 +0.64
Total formal votes 101,517 93.48 +0.28
Informal votes 7,083 6.52 −0.28
Turnout 108,600 93.35 +0.04
Two-party-preferred result
Labor Kristy McBain 59,083 58.20 +7.35
Liberal Jerry Nockles 42,434 41.80 −7.35
Labor hold Swing +7.35

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Muller, Damon (14 November 2017). "The process of federal redistributions: a quick guide". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  2. ^ The Bellwether Contests: Antony Green ABC
  3. ^ "Results - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)".
  4. ^ Eden-Monaro, NSW, 2022 Tally Room, Australian Electoral Commission.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 36°17′31″S 149°20′38″E / 36.292°S 149.344°E / -36.292; 149.344