Tughril II (c. 1109 – October–November 1134) was the Sejluk sultan of Iraq briefly in 1132. He maintained power through the support of his uncle, the principal Seljuk sultan Ahmad Sanjar (r. 1118–1157); when the latter left for Transoxiana to suppress a rebellion in 1132, Tughril II lost Iraq to his rival and brother Ghiyath ad-Din Mas'ud. Tughril II briefly took refuge in the domain of the Bavandid ispahbad (ruler) Ali I (r. 1118–1142) in Mazandaran, where he stayed during the whole winter of 1132–1133. He subsequently captured the capital Hamadan, but was stricken with sickness and died on his arrival to the capital, in October/November 1134. Tughril II was survived by his son Arslan, who was raised by the atabeg Eldiguz, who installed him on the throne in 1161.[1]

Tughril II
Sultan of the Seljuq Empire
Reign1132–1134
PredecessorDawud
SuccessorGhiyath ad-Din Mas'ud
Bornc. 1109
DiedOctober–November 1134
SpouseMumina Khatun
IssueArslan-Shah
Names
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din Tughril II
HouseHouse of Seljuq
FatherMuhammad I Tapar
ReligionSunni Islam

FamilyEdit

One of his wives was the sister of Izz al-Din Hasan Qipchaq,[2] one of the powerful amirs of the time. They married in 1188–9.[3] Another wife was Mumina Khatun.[4] She was the mother of his son, Arslan-Shah. After Tughril's death, Sultan Ghiyath ad-Din Mas'ud gave her to Sham al-Din Eldiguz. He took her to Barda. With him, she had two sons, the Atabeg Muhammad Jahan Pahlavan and Atabeg Qizil Arslan.[5] His only daughter married Jalal al-Din Mangubirni.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Houtsma 2000, p. 554.
  2. ^ Bosworth, E. (2013). The History of the Seljuq Turks: The Saljuq-nama of Zahir al-Din Nishpuri. Taylor & Francis. p. 153. ISBN 978-1-136-75258-2.
  3. ^ a b Lambton, A.K.S. (1988). Continuity and Change in Medieval Persia. Bibliotheca Persica. Bibliotheca Persica. pp. 259, 268 n. 71. ISBN 978-0-88706-133-2.
  4. ^ Alyârî, H. (1966). Azerbaycan Atabeğleri: İl-Deniz Oğulları, 1146-1225. Edebiyat Fakültesi Basımevi. p. 23.
  5. ^ Bosworth, E. (2013). The History of the Seljuq Turks: The Saljuq-nama of Zahir al-Din Nishpuri. Taylor & Francis. p. 141. ISBN 978-1-136-75258-2.

SourcesEdit