Troy is a city in and the county seat of Miami County, Ohio, United States, along the Great Miami River.[5] The population was 26,305 at the 2020 census, making it Miami County's largest city and Ohio's 55th-largest. About 19 miles (31 km) north of Dayton, Troy is part of the Dayton metropolitan area.

Troy, Ohio
Troy Public Square
"Where Civic Pride is City Wide"
Location of Troy, Ohio
Location of Troy, Ohio
Location of Troy in Miami County
Location of Troy in Miami County
Coordinates: 40°02′39″N 84°14′10″W / 40.04417°N 84.23611°W / 40.04417; -84.23611
CountryUnited States
 • MayorRobin Oda (R)[1]
 • Total12.43 sq mi (32.19 km2)
 • Land12.21 sq mi (31.62 km2)
 • Water0.22 sq mi (0.56 km2)
Elevation853 ft (260 m)
 • Total26,305
 • Density2,154.38/sq mi (831.79/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s)937, 326
FIPS code39-77588[4]
GNIS feature ID2397060[3]

History edit

Troy in the 1920s

Troy was platted around 1807.[6] A post office in Troy has been in operation since 1824.[7]

Troy was one of the cities affected by severe flooding in the Great Flood of 1913.[8]

In 1970, the Troy Historical Society published Troy: The Nineteenth Century, a book on Troy's history by Thomas Bemis Wheeler. The book discusses the city's founding city and the Ohio canal era of the 1800s.

Geography edit

Miami County courthouse

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 11.94 square miles (30.92 km2), of which 11.72 square miles (30.35 km2) is land and 0.22 square miles (0.57 km2) is water.[9]

Demographics edit

Historical population
2021 (est.)26,4320.5%
Post office

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $39,531, and the median income for a family was $46,889. Males had a median income of $35,819 versus $25,536 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,892. About 6.4% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census edit

As of the census[13] of 2010, there were 25,058 people, 10,353 households, and 6,600 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,138.1 inhabitants per square mile (825.5/km2). There were 11,166 housing units at an average density of 952.7 per square mile (367.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.1% White, 4.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.4% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.

There were 10,353 households, of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.3% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 36.9 years. 25.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.1% were from 25 to 44; 25.7% were from 45 to 64; and 13.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

Arts and culture edit

Troy is home to the Troy-Hayner Cultural Center, a 1914 Romanesque mansion donated to the city by Mary Jane Harter Coleman Hayner. Hayner had been married to William Hayner, founder of a Dayton-based mail-order whiskey business that operated before Prohibition. The Troy-Hayner houses the Hayner Distillery Collection[14] and a variety of works by local artists.

Historic sites edit

A surviving welded steel house

Troy was the location of the Hobart Welded Steel House Company, which might have become influential in U.S. housing if prefabricated houses had become popular after World War II. The firm's homes resemble the better-known Lustron houses of the Columbus, Ohio-based Lustron Corporation (which also failed). Hobart manufactured and built 22 homes, all in Troy, 16 of which survive and are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.[15]

1808 Overfield Tavern, one of Ohio's oldest taverns, now a museum

Other NRHP-listed properties in Troy include four unrelated homes, a tavern, the Miami County Courthouse and Power Station, the 1859 First Presbyterian Church, and the Troy Public Square.[16]

Government edit

The City of Troy has a statutory form of government, as described in Ohio Revised Code Sections 731 and 733. General statutory law is the form of municipal government if the electorate has not adopted, by vote, one of the other forms. In addition to a council, the electorate chooses a mayor, council president, and three principal administrators (auditor, treasurer, and solicitor). The mayor administers the city's daily operations. Troy also has a service and safety director who reports to and is appointed by the mayor.

The mayor, auditor and law director are elected to four-year terms. The city council is elected to two-year terms in odd-numbered years. The electorate selects the council president, three at-large representatives, and ward representatives 1 through 6. The current mayor and auditor were elected in 2019 and the city council and treasurer were elected in 2021.

The Troy City Police Department is at 124 E. Main Street. It has 38 officers and three civilian employees. The department has three divisions: patrol, detective, and administration. Shawn McKinney is the police chief. The department moved to its current location in 1995.

The Troy Fire Department was established in 1850 when the Troy Hook & Ladder Company and the Troy Bucket Company were organized. The Fire Department of Troy was formally organized in the fall of 1857. The department has three fire stations, 37 firefighter/paramedics, a training lieutenant, 2 assistant chiefs and a fire chief, Matthew D. Simmons. The fire department provides a full complement of services to its citizens with fire/EMS/Community outreach/ specialty rescue services. The Troy Fire Department serves 74.2 square miles with the city and three townships averaging over 5,000 incidents a year.

Education edit

Troy City Schools operates public schools.

School Type Grades Founded
Troy High School Public 9th-12th 1852
Troy Junior High School Public 7th-8th 1972
Troy Christian Private Pre K-12th 1980
Miami Montessori School Private Pre K-6th 1979
The Overfield School Private 18 months-Kindergarten 1960
Van Cleve Elementary Public 6th 1914
Concord Elementary Public K-5th 1919
Cookson Elementary Public K-5th 1963
Forest Elementary Public K-5th 1949
Heywood Elementary Public K-5th 1931
Hook Elementary Public K-5th 1967
Kyle Elementary Public K-5th 1950
St. Patrick School Private K-8th 1888

The Western Ohio Japanese Language School (オハイオ西部日本語学校 Ohaio Seibu Nihongo Gakkō) is a supplementary weekend Japanese school in unincorporated Miami County, near Troy. It started in April 1988.[17]

Troy is home to the Hobart Institute of Welding Technology, founded in 1930, one of the nation's premier welding schools.

The Troy-Miami County Public Library has three locations in Troy: the main Troy Library, The Local History Library, and the Maker Lab.[18]

Media edit

The city and surrounding area are served by a daily newspaper based in Troy, Miami Valley Today; the radio station WTJN-LP "POWER 107.1" 107.1 FM; websites including My Miami County and Miami County Live; and the magazine Troy Living.

Notable people edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Miami County, OH Elected City Officials" (PDF). Miami County, OH Board of Elections. p. 3. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
  2. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Troy, Ohio
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ Overman, William Daniel (1958). Ohio Town Names. Akron, OH: Atlantic Press. p. 134.
  7. ^ "Post offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  8. ^ "Flood of 1913 remains Ohio's greatest". Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. 1960. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  11. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  12. ^ "Troy city, Ohio". Retrieved July 6, 2022.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  14. ^ "Hayner Distillery Museum".
  15. ^ Diana Good Cornelisse (August 1, 1987). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Hobart Welded Steel Houses Thematic Resources".
  16. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  17. ^ "本校概要" (Archive). Western Ohio Japanese Language School. Retrieved on May 11, 2014. "所在地 2801 NORTH STRINGTOWN RD. TROY, OHIO  45373"
  18. ^ "Hours". Troy-Miami County Public Library. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
  19. ^ "Casey DeSantis: How a woman from Troy met and married a future Florida governor". journal-news. Retrieved February 10, 2024.
  20. ^ Reports, Staff (April 15, 2023). "Florida First Lady Casey DeSantis is a former Troy resident". Miami Valley Today. Retrieved February 10, 2024.
  21. ^ "The Kris Dielman Story". July 31, 2009.

External links edit