Troia, Apulia

(Redirected from Troia, Italy)

Troia (also formerly Troja; Foggiano: Troië; Ancient Greek: Αῖκαι, romanizedAîkai; Latin: Aecae) is a town and comune in the province of Foggia and region of Apulia in southern Italy.

Troië (Neapolitan)
Città di Troia
Cathedral of Troia at night
Cathedral of Troia at night
Coat of arms
Location of Troia
Troia is located in Italy
Location of Troia in Italy
Troia is located in Apulia
Troia (Apulia)
Coordinates: 41°22′N 15°18′E / 41.367°N 15.300°E / 41.367; 15.300
ProvinceFoggia (FG)
FrazioniBorgo Giardinetto
 • MayorLeonardo Cavalieri
 • Total168.25 km2 (64.96 sq mi)
439 m (1,440 ft)
 (28 February 2017)[2]
 • Total7,138
 • Density42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code0881
ISTAT code071058
Patron saintSts. Urbanus, Pontianus, Heleuterius, Anastasius and Secondinus
Saint dayJuly 17
WebsiteOfficial website

History edit

According to the legend, Troia (Aecae) was founded by the Greek hero Diomedes, who had destroyed the ancient Troy.

Aecae was mentioned both by Polybius and Livy, during the military operations of Hannibal and Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus in Apulia. In common with many other Apulian cities it had joined the Carthaginians after the battle of Cannae, but was recovered by Fabius Maximus in 214 BC, though not without a regular siege.[3] Pliny also enumerates the Aecani among the inland towns of Apulia (iii. 11); but its position is more clearly determined by the Itineraries, which place it on the Appian Way between Aequum Tuticum and Herdonia, at a distance of 29 to 31 kilometres (18 to 19 mi) from the latter city.[4] This interval exactly accords with the position of the modern city of Troia, and confirms the statements of several chroniclers of the Middle Ages, that the latter was founded about the beginning of the 11th century, on the ruins of the ancient Aecae.

Cluverius erroneously identified Aecae with Accadia, a village in the Daunian Mountains south of Bovino; but his error was rectified by Holstenius. Troia is an episcopal see, and a place of some consideration; it stands on a hill of moderate elevation, rising above the fertile plain of Apulia, and is 15 kilometres (9 mi) south of Lucera, and 22 kilometres (14 mi) southwest of Foggia.[5]

The current Troia was founded as a fortified town in Apulia in 1018 by Basil Boioannes. It defended the entrance into the Apulian plain from the Normans. Until overshadowed by Foggia, it was an important strategic town in southern Italy, and was several times besieged, notably, by the emperors Henry II and Frederick II. After the latter's fall, it sided for the Angevines, and later, against the former, for the Aragonese.

After the unification of Southern Italy (1861), Troia rebelled and the Savoy troops intervened with the use of cannons.

Main sights edit

  • Troia Cathedral, an example of Apulian Romanesque architecture
  • Basilica of St. Basil (11th century)
  • Baroque church of St. Francis
  • Church of San Vincenzo (10th century)
  • Palazzo Principi d'Avalos
  • Jesuits' Palace (16th century)
  • Municipal Museum, with archaeological findings from the area and an art gallery
  • Diocesan Museum, housed in the 18th century Benedictine Nunnery, and the New Museum of the Cathedral's Treasure. The latter is home to medieval rolls of the Exultet.

Transportation edit

It is the only municipality in Italy to provide free public transport.[6]

See also edit

Sources and references edit

  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Troia". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

References edit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)
  3. ^ Pol. iii. 88; Liv. xxiv. 20.
  4. ^ Antonine Itinerary p. 116; Itin. Hier. p. 610; the Tabula Peutingeriana places it between Aequum Tuticum and Luceria, but without giving the distances.
  5. ^ Holstenius Not. in Cluver. p. 271; Romanelli, vol. ii. p. 227; Giustiniani, Diz. Geogr. vol. ix. p. 260.)
  6. ^ "Troia - Free Public Transport". Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2009-11-17.

External links edit