Tristam Burges

Tristam Burges (February 26, 1770 – October 13, 1853) was a U.S. Representative from Rhode Island, and great-great-uncle of Theodore Francis Green.

Tristam Burges
Tristam Burges by Charles Bird King.jpg
Tristam Burges painted by Charles Bird King
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Rhode Island's At-large district
In office
March 4, 1825 – March 3, 1835
Preceded bySamuel Eddy
Succeeded byWilliam Sprague III
Member of the Rhode Island General Assembly
In office
1811
Personal details
Born(1770-02-26)February 26, 1770
Rochester, Province of Massachusetts Bay, British America
DiedOctober 13, 1853(1853-10-13) (aged 83)
Seekonk, Massachusetts, U.S. (now East Providence, Rhode Island)
Resting placeNorth Burial Ground
Political partyFederalist Party
Whig
Alma materBrown University
OccupationLawyer
Signature

Early life and law careerEdit

Burges was born in Rochester in the Province of Massachusetts Bay on February 26, 1770, to John and Abigail Burges. Burges' father was a cooper and farmer, and a Revolutionary War veteran.[1]

Burges attended the common schools. He studied medicine at a school in Wrentham. Upon the death of his father he abandoned the study of medicine. He was graduated from Rhode Island College (now Brown University), Providence, Rhode Island, valedictorian of the class of 1796.[1][2] He studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1799[1] and commenced practice in Providence, Rhode Island.[2]

He married in 1801 to a daughter of Hon. Welcome Arnold, and had several children.[1]

Political careerEdit

He served as member of the Rhode Island General Assembly in 1811 and a prominent member of the Federalist Party.[1] He was appointed chief justice of the Supreme Court of Rhode Island in May 1815, serving for just one year.[1]

In 1815 Burges was named as professor of oratory and belles letters at Brown University; he taught lectures in rhetoric and oratory.[1] He was dismissed from this position in 1830.[3]

Burges was elected to the US Congress in 1825 as a Federalist and served for ten years. He was known for his witty repartee with Anti-New England Virginian John Randolph.[1] He favored a protective trade tariff, and he lost re-electing because he refused to accept a tariff compromise proposed by Henry Clay.[1]

Burges was elected as an Adams candidate to the Nineteenth and Twentieth Congresses and elected as an Anti-Jacksonian to the Twenty-first through the Twenty-third Congresses (March 4, 1825 – March 3, 1835).[2] He served as chairman of the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions (Nineteenth Congress), Committee on Military Pensions (Nineteenth and Twentieth Congresses), Committee on Revolutionary Claims (Twenty-first Congress), Committee on Invalid Pensions (Twenty-second and Twenty-third Congresses). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection.[2]

After an unsuccessful run for Rhode Island Governor as a Whig party candidate in 1836, he resumed the practice of law[2] in East Providence, Rhode Island.[1]

His desk and bookcase currently resides in the Stanley Weiss Collection. It was made in Providence, Rhode Island in the early 1800s. The maker is uncertain, but it was possibly made by James Halyburton.[4]

He died on his estate, "Watchemoket Farm" in 1853 in the town of Seekonk, Massachusetts (in the portion of which that would later be given from Massachusetts to Rhode Island and be incorporated as East Providence, Rhode Island, from a Supreme Court order settling a boundary dispute between the two states). He was interred in North Burial Ground, Providence, Rhode Island.[2]

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Munro, Wilfred Harold (1916). Memorial Encyclopedia of the State of Rhode Island. New York, Boston, Chicago: American Historical Society.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "BURGES, Tristam". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  3. ^ Mitchell, Margaret (1993). Encyclopedia Brunoniana. Brown University Library. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  4. ^ "Desk and Bookcase, RIF2803". The Rhode Island Furniture Archive at the Yale University Art Gallery.

External linksEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.

Party political offices
Preceded by Whig nominee for Governor of Rhode Island
1836
Vacant
Title next held by
William Sprague III
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Rhode Island's at-large congressional district

March 4, 1825 – March 3, 1835
Succeeded by