Transgression (1931 film)

Transgression is a 1931 Pre-Code American drama film directed by Herbert Brenon, using a screenplay written by Elizabeth Meehan, adapted from Kate Jordan's 1921 novel, The Next Corner. The film stars Kay Francis (on loan from Paramount), Paul Cavanagh (on loan from Fox), and Ricardo Cortez, and deals with the romantic entanglements of a wealthy English businessman, his wife and a Spanish nobleman.

Theatrical poster
Directed byHerbert Brenon
Ray Lissner (assistant)
Written byBenn W. Levy
Screenplay byElizabeth Meehan
Based onThe Next Corner
1921 novel
by Kate Jordan
Produced byWilliam LeBaron
Herbert Brenon
StarringKay Francis
Paul Cavanagh
Ricardo Cortez
CinematographyLeo Tover
Edited byArthur Roberts
Music byMax Steiner
Distributed byRKO Radio Pictures
Release dates
  • June 12, 1931 (1931-06-12) ( Premiere-New York City)[1]
  • June 27, 1931 (1931-06-27) (U.S.)[1]
Running time
70 minutes
CountryUnited States

The film is remake of a 1924 silent film named after the novel, which stars Dorothy Mackaill and Lon Chaney, as well as having Cortez in the same role as this film. Produced and distributed by RKO Radio Pictures, it was premiered in New York City on June 12, 1931, with a national release two weeks later on June 27.


Required to travel to India for a year to oversee financial matters, English businessman Robert Maury (Paul Cavanagh) is in a quandary regarding his young wife, Elsie (Kay Francis). His older sister, Honora (Nance O'Neil), suggests that he leave her at their country estate, where she can keep an eye on her. But Elsie is fearful of the boredom which may set in if she were to remain on the isolated property. Maury gives in to his wife's fears, and decides to allow her to move to Paris for the duration of his time on the sub-continent.

In Paris, she falls under the guidance of the sophisticated Paula Vrain (Doris Lloyd), who begins to teach her how to fit into the decadent Parisian lifestyle. She quickly assimilates to her surroundings, and begins to attract attention from the men in her social sphere. One in particular, a Spanish nobleman named Don Arturo de Borgus (Ricardo Cortez), begins to pay her special attention. Elsie struggles to keep the relationship platonic, and as her husband's year-long absence draws to a close, she decides that the temptation has become too great. With Maury's return imminent, Elsie is convinced to attend one last party by Paula, who unbeknownst to Elsie is working on Don Arturo's behalf. At the party the Spanish nobleman gives Elsie's seduction one last-ditch attempt. And it is beginning to work. Arturo invites Elsie to spend the weekend at his estate in Spain. She is considering the offer when Maury shows up unexpectedly. He is dismayed by the changes in his wife. He had left an innocent behind, and now he has come back to a sophisticated, jaded woman. His dismay, coupled with their year-long separation, causes him to act cool towards her. It is this coolness which makes up her mind. When Maury requests that she return to England with him the next day, she defers, saying she wants to stay behind to say goodbye to the friends she has made while in Paris.

After Maury leaves for England, Elsie heads to Arturo's. Once there, Arturo begins an all-assault to sexually seduce her. In this, he is abetted by his servant, Serafin (John St. Polis). As she weakens, before she will fully succumb, her conscious makes her write a letter to her husband in England, confessing everything. She gives the letter to Serafin to post for her, and is about to fully give in to Arturo, when a local peasant, Carlos (Agostino Borgato), appears and accuses Arturo of seducing and impregnating his young daughter, who died during childbirth. Furious, Carlos shoots and kills Arturo. Horrified at her almost tragic mistake, she realizes that she must intercept her confession before Maury has an opportunity to read it. Serafin claims that he has already written it, so Elsie determines to return to the English estate and intercept it there.

Back in England, she waits day by day to head off the postman. Her furtive actions arouse the suspicions of Honora. When she discovers a news article regarding Arturo's death, those suspicions are heightened, believing that Elsie might have been the unnamed woman mentioned in that article. When Honora accuses Elsie of infidelity in front of Maury, he defends his wife, leading to Honora deciding to finally leave the estate. It is shortly after that Serafina arrives, threatening to reveal Elsie and Arturo's relationship to Maury, and claiming that he is carrying the confessional letter. Realizing that she loves her husband, she refuses to help in the plan to hurt him. When Serafin confronts Maury with the lurid details, he is disappointed, for Maury refuses to be outraged. Chastened, Serafin departs, and Maury accepts his wife back into his loving arms.


(Cast list as per AFI database)[1]


A remake of the 1924 silent film, The Next Corner, which was produced by Paramount Pictures, was put on RKO's production schedule. During production, the film was known by the name of the earlier picture, as well as Around the Corner,[2] but in early June, the final name was announced as Transgression.[3] The new name was selected as a result of a pool among the publicity men employed by RKO.[4]

William LeBaron chose Herbert Brenon to helm the picture, and he began working on the project in early February 1931.[5] Elizabeth Meehan was assigned to adapt Kate Jordan's novel for the screen in early March,[6] which was originally slated to be a starring vehicle for Irene Dunne.[7] That changed in April when RKO announced that they had borrowed Kay Francis from Paramount to star in the picture; in the same statement, Don Alvarado was also mentioned as a member of the cast, although he was replaced prior to filming.[8] In mid-April it was announced that Paul Cavanagh, Doris Lloyd, and Ruth Weston had been added to the production.[9]

The cast would go through several incarnations before being finalized. In addition to Alvardo and Dunne, among those who were attached to the project at various times were: Alphonse DeCruz, Esther Crispin Martini, Wilfred Roy, David Dunbar, and William Welch.[10][11]

By the end of April it was decided that Leo Tover would be the film's cinematographer, re-uniting him with Brenon for the first time in four years. Brenon had directed three of the first five films Tover had photographed, the last being 1927's The Telephone Girl.[12] The two had collaborated on the first film version of the famous F. Scott Fitzgerald's classic novel, The Great Gatsby.[13] RKO premiered the film in New York city on June 12, 1931. It was released nationally later in the month on June 27.[1]

French versionEdit

RKO produced a French version of the film titled Nuit d'Espagne, which was directed by Henri de la Falaise. It was announced in April that he would be directing the version, which would be the third French variation he did for RKO. He selected Jeanne Heibling and Geymond Vital to play the Francis and Cavanaugh roles, respectively.[14] The only actor to appear in both films was actress Adrienne D'Ambricourt, in a small role.[15] The film went into production in early May 1931.[16]

Critical responseEdit

Motion Picture Daily did not enjoy the film. While they complimented the acting corps on their performances, and Brenon on his directing, they felt the script was completely inadequate, stating, "Herbert Brenon's direction is satisfactory and had he had something to work with the picture might have had a chance".[17] The Film Daily likewise had a lukewarm opinion of the film, also praising the acting and directing, but finding the overall story "punchless". They called the film a "highly sophisticated drama", but complained that it contained "... little comedy relief and a wealth of talk, but particularly no action."[18] Screenland did not like the story, but also enjoyed the acting.[19]

The most comprehensive and complimentary review of the film came from Mordaunt Hall of The New York Times. He gave good marks to Brenon's direction, calling it a mostly "intelligently filmed story", stating that Brenon had managed in "eliciting the spectator's interest", and that the photography had "some compelling atmospheric effects in some of the sequences." He did have some reservations about the overall film, however, stating that "It is not endowed with any great degree of subtlety and the comings and goings of the characters are set forth a trifle too abruptly." Hall also felt the acting was done well, giving particular praise to Paul Cavanaugh and Nance O'Neil, although he felt that Ricardo Cortez could have given a stronger performance.[20]


  1. ^ a b c d "Transgression: Detail View". American Film Institute. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  2. ^ "Transgression: Detail View". American Film Institute. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
  3. ^ Wilk, Ralph (June 7, 1931). "A Little from "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 4.
  4. ^ "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. June 8, 1931. p. 7.
  5. ^ "12 Feature Productions Under Way At RKO Studio". The Film Daily. February 8, 1931. p. 11.
  6. ^ Wilk, Ralph (March 13, 1931). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 7.
  7. ^ "Hollywood and Los Angeles". Variety. March 18, 1931. p. 78.
  8. ^ Wilk, Ralph (April 9, 1931). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 6.
  9. ^ Wilk, Ralph (April 16, 1931). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 10.
  10. ^ "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. May 3, 1931. p. 26.
  11. ^ "Hollywood Activities: Wilfred Roy in Next Corner". The Film Daily. May 10, 1931. p. 4.
  12. ^ Wilk, Ralph (April 24, 1931). "Hollywood Flashes". The Film Daily. p. 4.
  13. ^ "The Great Gatsby: Detail View". American Film Institute. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
  14. ^ Wilk, Ralph (April 15, 1931). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 6.
  15. ^ "Nuit d'Espagne: Detail View". American Film Institute. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
  16. ^ ""New Corner" in French for Radio". Motion Picture Herald. May 16, 1931. p. 33.
  17. ^ Johnston, W. A. (June 12, 1931). "Transgression". Motion Picture Daily. p. 6.
  18. ^ "Transgression". The Film Daily. June 7, 1931. p. 10.
  19. ^ "Revuettes: Transgression". Screenland. September 1931. p. 102.
  20. ^ Hall, Mordaunt (June 15, 1931). "Transgression". New York Times. Archived from the original on October 31, 2014. Retrieved October 31, 2014.

External linksEdit