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Trane Inc. is a manufacturer of heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems and building management systems and controls. The company is a subsidiary of Ingersoll Rand and is the successor company to the American Standard Companies. It makes products under the Trane and American Standard brand names.

Trane Inc.
Subsidiary of Ingersoll Rand
IndustryGeneral building materials
Founded1913 as The Trane Company
La Crosse, Wisconsin
2007 (reincorporated as successor to American Standard Companies)
HeadquartersSwords, Dublin, Ireland
ProductsBuilding Management Systems, HVAC equipment
RevenueIncrease$10.264 billion USD (2005)
Increase$875.400 million USD (2005)
Increase$556.300 million USD (2005)
Number of employees
29,000 (2007)
Websitewww.trane.com

A global company, Trane's international headquarters are in Swords, Ireland. Trane employs more than 29,000 people at 104 manufacturing locations in 28 countries, and has annual sales of more than $8 billion. In addition to its activity in HVAC systems, Trane is involved in energy conservation and renewable energy projects.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Trane chiller

In 1885, James Trane, a Norwegian immigrant from Tromsø, opened his own plumbing and pipe-fitting shop in La Crosse, Wisconsin. He designed a new type of low-pressure steam heating system, Trane vapor heating. Reuben Trane, James' son, earned a mechanical engineering degree (B. S. 1910) at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and joined his father's plumbing firm.[1] In 1913, James and Reuben incorporated The Trane Company. It was Reuben's invention of the convector radiator in 1923 that firmly established the company's reputation as an innovator, a reputation Trane people have been building on ever since.[2]

By 1916, the Tranes were no longer in the plumbing business, but instead focused their attention on manufacturing heating products. Reuben conceived the idea of the first convector radiator in 1925, which replaced the heavy, bulky, cast-iron radiators that prevailed at the time. Trane's first air conditioning unit was developed in 1931.

In 1982, Trane purchased General Electric's Central Air Conditioning Division. With that purchase came many of the most recognizable traits of Trane's residential air conditioning products. Many of those traits, like the distinctive red "Climatuff" compressors, the "Spine-Fin" all aluminum spiny outdoor coil and the all aluminum evaporator coil, are still found in Trane's residential equipment lines.[3]

In 1984, Trane was acquired by American Standard Inc., and became a fixture in the American Standard Companies business. Following a leveraged buyout in 1988, American Standard returned as a publicly held corporation in 1995.[4]

Breakup of American StandardEdit

On February 1, 2007, American Standard Companies announced it would break up its three divisions. The company sold off its namesake kitchen and bath division and spun off WABCO, American Standard's vehicle controls division, while retaining The Trane Company. American Standard then renamed itself Trane Inc. effective November 28, 2007.[5][6]

Acquisition by Ingersoll RandEdit

On December 17, 2007, Trane announced it had agreed to be acquired by Ireland-based Ingersoll Rand in a cash and stock transaction.[7][8][9][10] The sale was completed on June 5, 2008.[11][12]

Europe's largest cooling systemEdit

 
Map of the Channel Tunnel

The Channel Tunnel is a 50.45-kilometre (31.35 mi) rail tunnel beneath the English Channel, linking the United Kingdom with France. At its lowest point, it is 75 m (250 ft) below the sea bed and 115 m (380 ft) below sea level.[13][14][15] At 37.9 kilometres (23.5 mi), the tunnel has the longest undersea portion of any tunnel in the world.[16] During the design stage of the tunnel, engineers found that its aerodynamic properties and the heat generated by high-speed trains as they passed through it would raise the temperature inside the tunnel to 50 °C (122 °F).[17] As well as making the trains "unbearably warm" for passengers this also presented a risk of equipment failure and track distortion.[17] To cool the tunnel to 30 °C (86 °F), engineers installed 480 kilometres (300 mi) of 0.61 m (24 in) diameter cooling pipes carrying 84 million liters (18.5 million gallons) of water. The network—Europe's largest cooling system—was supplied by eight York Titan chillers running on R22, a Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) refrigerant gas.[17][18]

Due to R22's ozone depletion potential (ODP) and high global warming potential (GWP), its use is being phased out in developed countries, and since 1 January 2015 it has been illegal in Europe to use HCFCs to service air-conditioning equipment—broken equipment that used HCFCs must instead be replaced with equipment that does not use it. In 2016, Trane was selected to provide replacement chillers for the tunnel's cooling network.[17] The York chillers were decommissioned and four "next generation" Trane Series E CenTraVac large-capacity (2600 kW to 14,000 kW) chillers were installed—two located in Sangatte, France, and two at Shakespeare Cliff, UK. The energy-efficient chillers, using Honeywell's non-flammable, ultra-low GWP R1233zd(E) refrigerant, maintain temperatures at 25 °C (77 °F), and in their first year of operation generated savings of 4.8 GWh—approximately 33%, equating to €500,000 ($585,000)—for tunnel operator Getlink.[16][18]

Notable Trane buildingsEdit

The list of buildings below use Trane systems.

Manufacturing locationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Trane Culture » Our History (Trane Inc.) Archived 2013-04-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Trane: Our History" (Trane Inc.) Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ http://cleanairac.com/products/trane-heating-and-air-conditioning
  4. ^ History of Trane 2004.p65
  5. ^ Trane - News Release Archived 2009-03-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ La Crosse Tribune - 7.0 : Area leaders optimistic about company’s name change, but none predict that the headquarters will return to city
  7. ^ Trane : Ingersoll Rand To Acquire Trane Archived 2013-04-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ La Crosse Tribune - 7.0 : Ingersoll-Rand to buy Trane for $10.1 billion
  9. ^ La Crosse Tribune - 7.0 : Reaction to Trane sale cautious; mayor disappointed
  10. ^ La Crosse Tribune - 7.0 : Union: New owner good fit for Trane
  11. ^ https://www.forbes.com/feeds/ap/2008/06/05/ap5087316.html
  12. ^ Ingersoll Rand - Ingersoll Rand Completes Acquisition of Trane
  13. ^ "Folkestone Eurotunnel Trains". Transworld Leisure Limited. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
  14. ^ Institution of Civil Engineers (1989). The Channel Tunnel. London: Thomas Telford. p. 95. ISBN 0-7277-1546-1.
  15. ^ Wise, Jeff (1 October 2009). "Turkey Building the World's Deepest Immersed Tube Tunnel". Popular Mechanics. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014.
  16. ^ a b Sharma, Gaurav (5 June 2018). "Europe's 'Largest Cooling System' Boosts Anglo-French Channel Tunnel's Sustainability Drive". Forbes. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  17. ^ a b c d "HFO chillers to cool the Channel Tunnel". Cooling Post. 14 September 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  18. ^ a b "Tunnel vision proves R1233zd efficiency". Cooling Post. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  19. ^ Merrett, Neil (5 June 2018). "Eurotunnel lauds cooling efficiency gains after HFO switch". Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Magazine. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  20. ^ "Trane project in Paris museum is a work of art". Modern Building services. 1 December 2013. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Famous Trane Buildings". Trane. Archived from the original on 1 December 2007 – via Wayback Machine.
  22. ^ "Case Study: Burj Dubai Tower" (PDF). Trane. 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016 – via Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ https://lex18.com/breaking-news/2018/10/04/employees-trane-plant-to-shut-down-next-year/