Trần Đức Lương

Trần Đức Lương (born 5 May 1937) is a Vietnamese politician who served as the fifth President of Vietnam from 1997 to 2006.[1]

Trần Đức Lương
Tran Duc Luong, Nov 17, 2004.jpg
5th President of Vietnam
In office
24 September 1997 – 27 June 2006
Prime MinisterPhan Văn Khải
Vice PresidentNguyễn Thị Bình
Trương Mỹ Hoa
Preceded byLê Đức Anh
Succeeded byNguyễn Minh Triết
Chairman of the Council for National Defense and Security
In office
24 September 1997 – 27 June 2006
DeputyPhan Văn Khải
Preceded byLê Đức Anh
Succeeded byNguyễn Minh Triết
Deputy Prime Minister of Vietnam
In office
February 1987 – 29 September 1997
Prime MinisterPhạm Văn Đồng
Phạm Hùng
Đỗ Mười
Võ Văn Kiệt
Phan Văn Khải
Personal details
Born (1937-05-05) 5 May 1937 (age 85)
Quảng Ngãi Province, French Indochina
(now Vietnam)
Political partyFlag of the Communist Party of Vietnam.svg Communist Party of Vietnam (1959–2006)
Spouse(s)Nguyễn Thị Vinh
ChildrenTrần Tuấn Anh Trần Phú
Alma materHo Chi Minh National Academy of Academy of Politics

Trần Đức Lương was born in Đức Phổ District in Quảng Ngãi Province, and moved to Hanoi after leaving school in 1954. He studied geology at Hanoi University of Mining and Geology, and was employed as a cartographer. He joined the Communist Party of Vietnam in 1959, and became a functionary of the party in the 1970s. In 1987, he became Deputy Prime Minister of Vietnam. Member of the Politburo since June 1996, Trần Đức Lương was elected state president of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on September 24, 1997, and re-elected in 2002. On June 24, 2006, Lương announced his resignation (along with Prime Minister Phan Văn Khải). Nguyễn Minh Triết was named to succeed Lương as president.

His son, Trần Tuấn Anh served as Consul General of Vietnam for four years in San Francisco. Then, Trần Tuấn Anh was Vice Chairman of Cần Thơ People's Committee, in charge of investment planning, and social culture. Currently, Trần Tuấn Anh is a Member of the 12th Central Committee, and Minister of Industry and Trade of Vietnam.

In his family, there is another member who works as a social activist is Tran Van Anh- The second granddaughter of Mr. Tran Duc Luong. She graduated from Brown University, a private school in US with full scholarship in Economics and politics. Tran Van Anh and other members of the family has low-profile lifestyle and very limited public information of them compared to his son Trần Tuấn Anh. The only information available about the president's heir generation is that his second granddaughter now works for NGO sector under ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Vietnam. It's been stated that his family members will not become involved in politics.

Other family members of Trần Đức Lương work in commerce, trading field.

His retirement was quiet and only joined the government national programs or state funerals of others senior members of the Communist Party.


  1. ^ Bruce M. Lockhart, William J. Duiker Historical Dictionary of Vietnam, 2006, p. 371. entry Trần Đức Lương

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by President of Vietnam
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by Chairperson of ASEAN
Succeeded by