Phạm Hùng

Phạm Hùng (June 11, 1912 – March 10, 1988) was a Vietnamese politician and the 2nd Prime Minister of the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam from 1987 to 1988.[1]

Phạm Hùng
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
In office
18 June 1987 – 10 March 1988
PresidentVõ Chí Công
Preceded byPhạm Văn Đồng
Succeeded byVõ Văn Kiệt (acting)
Personal details
BornJune 11, 1912
Vĩnh Long Province, French Indochina
DiedMarch 10, 1988 (age 75)
Political partyCommunist Party of Vietnam

LifeEdit

Phạm Hùng was born on June 11, 1912, in Vĩnh Long Province, in the Mekong River Delta of southern Vietnam. He Has been a member of the Communist Party of Indochina since 1930. The following year he was arrested by the French colonial authorities for killing a landowner and sentenced to death. His sentence was converted into a prison sentence. In 1936 he was amnestied. He was arrested again in 1939 and remained imprisoned until 1945 on the prison island Poulo Condore. During his imprisonment, he is described as one of the leaders of the Communist prisoners. During the First Indochina War, he was one of the active party leaders in the south of the country and although in a formally subordinate position, controlled large sections of the Viet Minh security forces in the south. In 1951 he was appointed as a member of the Central Committee of the party.[2]

After the withdrawal of France Pham Hung was ordered in 1955 to Hanoi. In 1957 he became a member of the Politburo of the party.[3]:100 He was closely allied with Lê Duẩn who by early 1964 had become the effective leader of North Vietnam. Lê Duẩn and his supporters adopted a more belligerent approach to the armed struggle in South Vietnam in contrast to moderates such as Ho Chi Minh and Võ Nguyên Giáp.[3]:108–10

In July 1967, after the mysterious death of Lê Duẩn ally, Nguyễn Chí Thanh, under the code name Bay Cuong, he took command of the Central Office for South Vietnam (COSVN).[3]:154

After the war, he returned to his role in the Politburo. In 1979 he became Minister of the Interior. In 1987 he took over the post of prime minister after the withdrawal of Phạm Văn Đồng.[4]

During the Vietnam War he acted as commissar to the Vietcong. He also served as Interior Secretary before his relatively brief period as Prime Minister.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ronald B. Frankum Jr. Historical Dictionary of the War in Vietnam 2011 p.357 "Phạm Hùng (1912-1988). Born Phạm Van Thién and also known as Bay Cuong, Phạm Hùng joined the Indochinese Communist Party in 1930 after being expelled from school for his radical activities two years earlier. "
  2. ^ Jacques Dalloz : Dictionnaire de la Guerre d'Indochine, Paris, 2006, S. 195 Christopher E. Goscha: Historical Dictionary of the Indochina War (1945–1954) – An International and Interdisciplinary Approach. Kopenhagen 2011, S. 169f
  3. ^ a b c Asselin, Pierre (2018). Vietnam's American War A History. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1107510500.
  4. ^ Bruce L. Lockhart, William J. Duiker : Historical Dictionary of Vietnam, Oxford, 2006, S. 304
  5. ^ Obituary at the New York Times

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Phạm Văn Đồng - acting
Prime Minister of Vietnam
 

1987–1988
Succeeded by
Võ Văn Kiệt - acting