Toyota Mega Cruiser

The Toyota Mega Cruiser (Japanese: トヨタ・メガクルーザー, Toyota Megakurūzā) is a large, heavy-duty four wheel drive vehicle introduced by Toyota in 1995. The largest 4WD ever built by Toyota, it resembles the Hummer H1.[2]

Toyota Mega Cruiser
JASDF Toyota Mega Cruiser(45-5909) left side view at Hamamatsu Air Base October 20, 2019.jpg
A Toyota Mega Cruiser BXD10 as used by the Japanese-Air Self Defense Forces at Hamamatsu Air Base.
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Production1995-2001
AssemblyGifu, Japan (Gifu Auto Body)[1]
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size SUV
Body style4-door SUV
Powertrain
Engine4.1L 15B-FTE I4 diesel turbo
Transmission4-speed automatic Aisin A443F
Dimensions
Wheelbase3,396 mm (133.7 in)
Length5,090 mm (200.4 in)
Width2,169 mm (85.4 in)
Height2,075 mm (81.7 in)
Curb weight2,901 kg (6,395 lb)

Like the Hummer, the Mega Cruiser was originally designed primarily for military use[3] with the vehicle seeing duty as a transport vehicle in the Japan Self Defense Forces.[4]

Sold exclusively in Japan via Toyota Store locations, the Mega Cruiser was also used by prefectural police, the Japan Auto Federation and fire/rescue departments.[2] As of 2020, it was reported that Toyota had produced 3,000 Mega Cruisers before production was halted [3] with a retail price of ¥9,620,000 (approximately US$85,000 at 1995 exchange rates).[5] 133 Mega Cruisers were sold to civilians.[6]

HistoryEdit

A prototype Toyota Mega Cruiser was first presented to the public at the 30th Tokyo Motor Show in October 1993.[7][2] The Mega Cruiser was first produced in 1995[8] at Toyota's Gifu Auto Body subsidiary[1] before it was eventually sold by Toyota in 1996.[2]

All Mega Cruiser production were reported to be halted in 2001[2] with sales officially ended in 2002.[1][9] It was suggested that the vehicle had mediocre sales due to strict vehicle taxes and Japan having a lot of small streets.[8]

Some Mega Cruisers were sold overseas from Japan as gray imports.[10]

DevelopmentEdit

The Mega Cruiser featured a 4.1 L turbodiesel inline-4 engine.[4][6] The engine produced 114 kW (153 hp) and 382 N⋅m (282 lb⋅ft) at 1,800 rpm[11] while also being very robust.[1] A 4-speed Aisin automatic transmission with a two-speed transfer case is also installed.[6]

The SUV featured front, center, and rear differential locks, as well as four wheel steering. It has a central tire pressure system installed as an optional feature.[6] It includes a hardtop roof.[1]

The Mega Cruiser has seats for two persons in front and four persons at the back.[6]

The vehicle was intended to test designs that would eventually make their way into mass-produced Toyota SUVs, such as the Land Cruiser, but was financially unsuccessful for Toyota.[3]

While the Mega Cruiser was produced by Toyota in RHD configuration,[12] a few were reported to be made in LHD configuration.[13] As of 2020, around 12 were known to have been produced in LHD.[14]

VariantsEdit

Mega Cruiser (BXD10)Edit

The BX10 version was made for military purposes such as personnel and military equipment transportation.[4][8] It was also used by various prefectural police/fire departments throughout Japan.[15]

Mega Cruiser (BXD20)Edit

 
A white Toyota Mega Cruiser BXD20.

The BX20 version was made for civilian sales.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Toyota Mega Cruiser: 25 years of the daddy of SUVs". UK: Toyota. 25 June 2020. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e Shimizu Michiaki. "GM・ハマーH1" [GM/Hummer H1] (PDF). Japan: Toyota. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Welham, Ben (2019). "Here's why the Toyota Mega Cruiser is better than a Hummer". Drive Tribe. UK. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d Sarne, Vernon B. (21 November 2014). "Toyota Mega Cruiser is the only Japanese surplus vehicle we want". Top Gear. The Phillipines. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  5. ^ Gold, Aaron (9 November 2019). "Toyota Mega Cruiser: Did You Know Toyota Made a Hummer H1 Lookalike?". Automobile. US. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d e Gilboy, James. "The 1995 Toyota Mega Cruiser, King of Off-Roaders, Is Legal to Import in 2020". The Drive.
  7. ^ "History of Gifu Auto Body | Gifu Auto Body Co.,Ltd". www.gifubody.co.jp.
  8. ^ a b c "Toyota's Mega Cruiser Is An Ultra-Rare Hummer Rival". Boss Hunting. 17 April 2019.
  9. ^ Kobasa, Peter. "The Toyota Mega Cruiser is the Twenty-Year-Old Japanese Behemoth You Have Never Heard Of" (PDF). 4.files.edl.io. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  10. ^ "The Toyota Mega Cruiser Is 25 Years Old. You Know What That Means". Jalopnik.
  11. ^ Golden, Conner (24 August 2017). "Just Listed: 1998 Toyota Mega Cruiser". Automobile Magazine. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  12. ^ "The Toyota Mega Cruiser is the ultimate Japanese SUV". topgear.com.sg.
  13. ^ https://bringatrailer.com/2018/10/25/drive-at-25-toyota-mega-cruiser/
  14. ^ "Toyota Mega Cruiser Is Japan's Off-Road Dinosaur You Can Now Import In The US". Carscoops. 5 January 2020. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  15. ^ "Pat Callinan's 4X4 Adventures | The Essence of 4X4 Adventure - Toyota Mega Cruiser: When a Humvee isn't enough". 18 April 2019.

External LinksEdit