Tour of California

The Tour of California (officially sponsored as the Amgen Tour of California) was an annual professional road cycling stage race on the UCI World Tour and USA Cycling Professional Tour that ran from 2006 to 2019. It was the only event on the top-level World Tour in the United States. The eight-day race covered 650–700 miles (1,045–1,126 km) through the U.S. state of California.

Tour of California
Tour of CA Nevada City.jpg
The start of the first leg of the 2010 race in Nevada City
Race details
DateMay (Formerly in February)
RegionCalifornia, United States
CompetitionUCI World Tour
TypeStage race
Race directorDavid Salzman
Web Edit this at Wikidata
First edition2006 (2006)
Editions14 (as of 2019)
First winner Floyd Landis (USA)
Most wins Levi Leipheimer (USA) (3 times)
Most recent Tadej Pogačar (SLO)

A typical edition might begin in the Sierra Nevada in northern California, travel through the Redwood forests, California's Wine Country and the Pacific Coast, and finish in southern California. The 2009 race crossed the Central Valley from Merced to Fresno, with an excursion through the Sierra Nevada foothills, before crossing over to the coast.

With eight or nine of the 20 UCI ProTour teams (known as ProTeams) usually racing, the Tour of California was one of the most important cycling races in the United States. On November 28, 2006, the UCI upgraded it from 2.1 (category 1) to 2.HC (French: Hors categorie; English: beyond category), the highest rating for races on the UCI Continental Circuits; the Tour of Utah is the only other 2.HC race as of 2019. On August 2, 2016, the UCI upgraded the race to World Tour status and added it to the 2017 UCI World Tour schedule.[1]

The race was originally staged in February but, the 2010 Tour of California was moved to May, the same time that the Giro d'Italia is held.[2] At the time of the move it was considered likely that the number of Americans in the Giro and Italians in the Tour of California would decrease.[3] Tour of California organizers sought to make the race a preparatory event for the Tour de France, believing few riders who seek a serious position in the Tour would ride the Giro. Since the change in schedule, the race has continued to be held in May.

The tour was sponsored by Amgen, a California-based biotechnology company most famous for developing the anti anemia drug Erythropoietin (EPO), which has been used by professional cyclists in several blood doping scandals. It is on hiatus for 2020 and would have been cancelled due to COVID-19. No plans have been announced as to if or when the tour will return beyond 2021.[4]

General Classification ResultsEdit

The leader and overall winner by time after each stage and at the conclusion of the race wears a Yellow Jersey. Originally the leader's jersey was gold, a reference to the California Gold Rush, but in 2009 the jersey color was changed to yellow.

Year 1st place Team 2nd place Team 3rd place Team
2006   Floyd Landis (USA) Phonak   David Zabriskie (USA)[5] Team CSC   Bobby Julich (USA) Team CSC
2007   Levi Leipheimer (USA) Discovery Channel   Jens Voigt (GER) Team CSC   Jason McCartney (USA) Discovery Channel
2008   Levi Leipheimer (USA) Astana   David Millar (GBR) Slipstream–Chipotle   Christian Vande Velde (USA) Slipstream–Chipotle
2009   Levi Leipheimer (USA) Astana   David Zabriskie (USA) Garmin–Slipstream   Michael Rogers (AUS) Team Columbia–High Road
2010   Michael Rogers (AUS) Team HTC–Columbia   David Zabriskie (USA) Garmin–Transitions   Levi Leipheimer (USA) Team RadioShack
2011   Chris Horner (USA) Team RadioShack   Levi Leipheimer (USA) Team RadioShack   Tom Danielson (USA) Garmin–Cervélo
2012   Robert Gesink (NED) Rabobank   David Zabriskie (USA) Garmin–Barracuda   Tom Danielson (USA) Garmin–Barracuda
2013   Tejay van Garderen (USA) BMC Racing Team   Michael Rogers (AUS) Saxo–Tinkoff   Janier Acevedo (COL) Jamis–Hagens Berman
2014   Bradley Wiggins (GBR) Team Sky   Rohan Dennis (AUS) Garmin–Sharp   Lawson Craddock (USA) Giant–Shimano
2015   Peter Sagan (SVK) Tinkoff–Saxo   Julian Alaphilippe (FRA) Etixx–Quick-Step   Sergio Henao (COL) Team Sky
2016   Julian Alaphilippe (FRA) Etixx–Quick-Step   Rohan Dennis (AUS) BMC Racing Team   Brent Bookwalter (USA) BMC Racing Team
2017   George Bennett (NZL) LottoNL–Jumbo   Rafał Majka (POL) Bora–Hansgrohe   Andrew Talansky (USA) Cannondale–Drapac
2018   Egan Bernal (COL) Team Sky   Tejay van Garderen (USA) BMC Racing Team   Daniel Martínez (COL) EF Education First–Drapac p/b Cannondale
2019   Tadej Pogačar (SLO) UAE Team Emirates   Sergio Andrés Higuita García (COL) EF Education First   Kasper Asgreen (DEN) Deceuninck–Quick-Step

Records and JerseysEdit

Sprints ClassificationEdit

The leader and overall winner by points from intermediate and final sprints wears the Green Jersey.

Mountains ClassificationEdit

The leader and overall winner by points in mountain climbs is awarded the Red Jersey (Orange in the past, before 2009) and is known as the race's King of the Mountains or "KOM."

Best Young Rider ClassificationEdit

The leader and overall winner by time for riders under 23 is awarded the White Jersey. Before 2009, this jersey was silver and blue.

Teams ClassificationEdit

Teams are classified based on the total time of the team's top three finishers in each stage.