Tornadoes of 1965

This page documents the tornadoes and tornado outbreaks of 1965, primarily in the United States. Most tornadoes form in the U.S., although some events may take place internationally. Tornado statistics for older years like this often appear significantly lower than modern years due to fewer reports or confirmed tornadoes.

Tornadoes of 1965
1965 Tornadoes.png
Tracks of all US tornadoes in 1965
TimespanJanuary 8–December 23, 1965
Maximum rated tornadoF5 tornado
Tornadoes in U.S.897[1]
Damage (U.S.)Unknown
Fatalities (U.S.)301
Fatalities (worldwide)>301

EventsEdit

Fatal United States tornadoes in 1965
Approximate touchdown location of killer tornadoes in 1965
  • March 17 – North Carolina (2 deaths)
  • April 10 – Arkansas (6 deaths)
  • April 11 – Iowa (1 death)
  • April 11 – Wisconsin (3 deaths)
  • April 11 – Illinois (6 deaths)
  • April 11 – Indiana (10 deaths)
  • April 11 – Michigan (5 deaths)
  • April 11 – Indiana (31 deaths)
  • April 11 – Indiana (5 deaths)
  • April 11 – Indiana, Michigan (23 deaths)
  • April 11 – Michigan (1 death)
  • April 11 – Indiana (36 deaths)
  • April 11 – Indiana (25 deaths)
  • April 11 – Michigan (21 deaths)
  • April 11 – Indiana (28 deaths)
  • April 11 – Indiana, Ohio (4 deaths)
  • April 11 – Michigan (1 death)
  • April 11 – Ohio, Michigan (18 deaths)
  • April 11 – Ohio (13 deaths)
  • April 11 – Ohio (3 deaths)
  • April 11 – Ohio (4 deaths)
  • April 11 – Ohio (18 deaths)
  • April 11 – Ohio (4 deaths)
  • April 15 – Tennessee (1 death)
  • April 19 – Texas (1 death)
  • May 6 – Minnesota (3 deaths)
  • May 6 – Minnesota (1 death)
  • May 6 – Minnesota (3 deaths)
  • May 6 – Minnesota (6 deaths)
  • May 8 – Nebraska (4 deaths)
  • June 2 – Texas (4 deaths)
  • June 4 – Texas (1 death)
  • June 7 – South Dakota (1 death)
  • June 7 – South Dakota (1 death)
  • August 26 – Iowa (1 death)
  • October 7 – North Carolina (1 death)
  • November 12 – Illinois (2 deaths)
  • November 16 – Ohio (2 deaths)
  • November 26 – Kentucky (1 death)

Total fatalities: 301

1965 picked up where 1964 left off, becoming the most active year on record at the time. A total of 31 violent (F4 and F5) tornadoes also touched down, which was also a record, with 17 of the F4 tornadoes occurring during the 1965 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak.

United States yearly totalEdit

Confirmed tornadoes by Fujita rating
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 Total
0 246 300 249 71 30 1 897

JanuaryEdit

There were 21 tornadoes confirmed in the United States in January.

FebruaryEdit

There were 32 tornadoes confirmed in the United States in February.[3]

February 8–9Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 1 7 2 3 0 0

An outbreak sequence of 13 tornadoes struck the Mississippi Valley, Utah and the Midwest, injuring 10.[3]

February 11Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 1 2 9 3 0 0

An outbreak of 15 tornadoes struck the Southeast, injuring 28.[3]

February 23Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 2 1 1 0 0

An outbreak of four tornadoes struck South Florida between 10 a.m.–1 p.m. EST (15–18 UTC); the strongest was an F3 tornado that moved through the Fort Lauderdale metro area, injuring six people. Two other people were injured from the three other tornadoes, bringing the injury count to eight.[3][4]

MarchEdit

There were 34 tornadoes confirmed in the United States in March.

March 16–18Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 5 8 5 5 1 0

A deadly and destructive outbreak of 24 tornadoes struck the Great Plains and Southeast, killing two and injuring 129.

AprilEdit

There were 123 tornadoes confirmed in the United States in April.[5]

April 1Edit

A rare F1 tornado touched down in California.[5]

April 7–9Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 1 6 9 2 0 0

Just before the Palm Sunday outbreak, an outbreak sequence of 19 tornadoes pummeled the Midwest, California, and the Great Lakes, injuring 16.[6]

April 10–12Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 1 16 14 6 18 0
 
Picture of the "double tornado" that hit the Midway Trailer Park in Indiana, killing 14.

An extremely destructive and deadly outbreak of 55 tornadoes caused major damage from the Southern Plains to the Midwest. The main outbreak was the Palm Sunday tornado outbreak, which started in the afternoon of April 11 and continued through the overnight hours of April 12. The second-biggest tornado outbreak on record at the time, this deadly series of 48 twisters inflicted a swath of destruction from Cedar County, Iowa, to Cuyahoga County, Ohio, and a swath 450 miles long (724 km) from Kent County, Michigan, to Montgomery County, Indiana. The outbreak lasted 16 hours and 35 minutes and is among the most intense outbreaks, in terms of number, strength, width, path, and length of tornadoes, ever recorded, including at least four "double/twin funnel" tornadoes. In addition, 17 tornadoes were rated F4, the second-largest number of violent twisters in one outbreak, after the 1974 Super Outbreak. At one point, all nine counties in the northern Indiana office's jurisdiction were under a tornado warning, marking the first occurrence of a "blanket tornado warning" in the U.S. Weather Bureau's history.[7] However, as was the case in many other areas heavily affected, the outbreak began on Palm Sunday, an important holy day for most Christians, and many people were attending church services, which may explain why some tornado warnings were never received. As a result, 266 people were killed and 3,662 injured with 1,795 of them in Indiana alone. It was also the deadliest tornado outbreak in Indiana history, with 137 people killed.[8][9]

April 14–15Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 3 3 6 4 0 0

Just two days after the deadly Palm Sunday outbreak, yet another deadly outbreak of 16 tornadoes struck the Great Plains and the Southeast, killing one and injuring 58.[5]

April 18–19Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 0 1 2 0 0

Three destructive tornadoes struck Arkansas and Texas, killing one and injuring seven.[5]

April 23–27Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 8 4 2 0 0

Tornado terror continued across the Midwest and Southeast with an outbreak of 14 tornadoes hitting the area, injuring three.[5]

MayEdit

273 tornadoes were confirmed in the United States in May.[10]

May 5–8Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 20 20 22 6 8 1

This major severe weather event affected much of the Central United States on May 5–8, 1965. For four consecutive days, tornado outbreaks produced at least three significant (F2+) tornadoes each day, and at least two violent (F4–F5) tornadoes on three of the four days. The strongest tornado of the year occurred on May 8, when an F5 tornado struck Gregory, South Dakota. The entire sequence generated 77 tornadoes, including 37 significant tornadoes with nine of them becoming violent. There were 17 fatalities and 772 injuries.[10][11][12]

May 25–27Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 16 11 8 1 0 0

A large outbreak produced multiple strong tornadoes from the Great Plains to the Mississippi Valley. Areas near Pratt, Kansas were struck by an F3 tornado, just one of nine significant tornadoes during the event. There were 39 tornadoes confirmed and 48 people were injured, although there were no fatalities.[13]

JuneEdit

There were 147 tornadoes confirmed in the United States in June.

June 2Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 1 0 0 1 0

An F1 tornado in Iowa was followed by a long-tracked, violent F4 tornado that killed four and injured 76 in Texas.

June 4Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 4 2 1 1 0 0

An outbreak of nine tornadoes struck the Midwest and Georgia, killing one and injuring three.

June 7Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 2 1 4 2 1 0

An intense, localized outbreak of 10 tornadoes hit South Dakota and Iowa, killing two.

JulyEdit

There were 85 tornadoes confirmed in the United States in July.

July 5Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 2 3 0 0 0 0

Two of the five weak tornadoes that touched down on this day occurred in California. There were no casualties.

AugustEdit

There were 61 tornadoes confirmed in the United States in August.

August 17Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 2 0 1 1 0 0

Four widely scattered tornadoes touched down with an F3 twister in South Carolina injuring 46.

August 26–27Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 2 3 2 0 1 0

A small, but destructive outbreak of eight tornadoes hit areas from Kansas to Pennsylvania, killing one and injuring 19.

SeptemberEdit

There were 64 tornadoes confirmed in the United States in September.[14]

September 3Edit

An isolated, brief, but strong F3 tornado injured 27 in Kansas.

September 8–12 (Hurricane Betsy)Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 2 4 1 0 0 0

Hurricane Betsy produced seven isolated tornadoes throughout Florida and the Mississippi Valley. The strongest was an F2 tornado Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. There were no fatalities or injuries from the tornadoes.[14]

September 8–9 (Elsewhere)Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 1 3 2 0 0 0

An outbreak sequence of six tornadoes occurred from Colorado to New York, although there were no casualties.

September 14Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 1 5 1 0 0

An outbreak of seven tornadoes hit Illinois and Indiana, injuring 34.

September 20–23Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 8 8 6 4 0 0

An outbreak sequence of 26 tornadoes hit various regions of the country, injuring four. F0 tornadoes also touched down in Hawaii and Puerto Rico at the end of the outbreak.

OctoberEdit

There were 16 tornadoes confirmed in the United States in October.

October 7–8Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 1 4 4 1 0 0

An outbreak of 10 tornadoes struck the Southeast and Great Lakes with an F3 tornado in North Carolina killing one and injuring four.

NovemberEdit

There were 34 tornadoes confirmed in the United States in November.

November 10Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 1 0 1 0 0 0

Two rare tornadoes hit Washington and Oregon with no casualties being reported.

November 12Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 1 0 5 1 0 0

A deadly and destructive outbreak of seven tornadoes hit Illinois and Indiana, killing two and injuring 104.

November 16Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 1 5 1 0 0

Another outbreak of seven tornadoes hit Ohio and Pennsylvania, killing two and injuring 28.

November 25–27Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 6 6 6 0 0

A widespread outbreak of 18 tornadoes hit areas from the West Coast to the East Coast, killing one and injuring 26.

DecemberEdit

There were 7 tornadoes confirmed in the United States in December.

December 11–12Edit

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 4 2 0 0 0

One final outbreak of six tornadoes hit the Southeast, injuring six.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "1965 Tornadoes". Tornado Archive.
  2. ^ "Severe Weather Database Files (1950-2021)". Storm Prediction Center. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. July 11, 2022. Retrieved November 12, 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d "February 1965 Tornado Summary". National Climatic Data Center. Tornado History Project. 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
  4. ^ Hagemeyer, B. C. (September 1997). "Peninsular Florida Tornado Outbreaks". Weather and Forecasting. American Meteorological Society. 12 (3): 399–427. Bibcode:1997WtFor..12..399H. doi:10.1175/1520-0434(1997)012<0399:PFTO>2.0.CO;2. S2CID 120588681.
  5. ^ a b c d e "April 1965 Tornado Summary". National Climatic Data Center. Tornado History Project. 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
  6. ^ "April 7-9, 1965 Tornadoes". Tornado History Project. Storm Prediction Center. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  7. ^ Blake Naftel. "April 11, 1965: The Palm Sunday Outbreak". Western Michigan University. Archived from the original on 2005-04-08. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  8. ^ Heidorn, Keith C. (April 1, 2007). "1965 Palm Sunday Tornado Outbreak Part I: The Beginning". The Weather Doctor. Archived from the original on 2007-12-01. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  9. ^ "April 10-12, 1965 Tornadoes". Tornado History Project. Storm Prediction Center. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  10. ^ a b "May 1965 Tornado Summary". National Climatic Data Center. Tornado History Project. 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
  11. ^ Lattery, Robert. "Six Deadly Twisters". Archived from the original on 2012-02-24. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  12. ^ "Summary of May 6, 1965 Tornado Outbreak". Chanhassen, Minnesota: National Weather Service. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  13. ^ "Tornado Summaries". National Centers for Environmental Information. National Weather Service. Retrieved 14 June 2022.
  14. ^ a b "September 1965 Tornado Summary". National Climatic Data Center. Tornado History Project. 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2020.