List of European tornadoes and tornado outbreaks

Parent article: List of tornadoes and tornado outbreaks These are some notable tornadoes, tornado outbreaks, and tornado outbreak sequences that have occurred in Europe.

Pre-20th centuryEdit

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
Freising tornado Summer 788 Freising, Francia 1 ? Earliest known European tornado.[1][2]
Rosdalla tornado 30 April 1054 Kilbeggan, Ireland 1 0 Recorded in the Annals of the Four Masters, which described a "round tower of fire" (Irish: cloictheach tenedh) that sucked in birds, a greyhound and clothing, and dropped them again.[3][4]
London tornado 23 October 1091 London, Middlesex, Kingdom of England 1 2 The London Tornado of 1091 is the earliest reported tornado in England, occurring in London on Friday, 17 October 1091.[5][6] It has been reckoned by modern assessment as possibly a T8 on the TORRO scale (roughly equivalent to an F4 on the Fujita scale) making it potentially the strongest recorded tornado in the British Isles,[7] although this estimate is based on reports written 30 years after the tornado.[3] The church of St Mary-le-Bow in the city of London was badly damaged; four rafters 26 feet (7.9 m) long were driven into the ground so that only 4 feet (1.2 m) protruded above the surface.[3] Other churches in the area were demolished, as were over 600 (mostly wooden) houses. For all the damage inflicted, the tornado claimed just two known victims from a population of about 18,000.[3][7][8] The tornado is mentioned in chronicles by Florence of Worcester and William of Malmesbury, the latter describing it as "a great spectacle for those watching from afar, but a terrifying experience for those standing near".[7]
Vyšehrad Tornado 30 July 1119 Vyšehrad, Bohemia 1 ? Earliest known and perhaps strongest Czech tornado, possibly rated F3/F4. Destroyed the palace of the Czech duke at Vyšehrad, which is now in Prague.[9][10]
Czech tornado of 1144 14 May 1144 Bohemia 2 0 Two tornadoes near the military camp of Duke Vladislaus II.[9]
Prague tornado 8 April 1255 Prague, Bohemia 1 1 Tornado at Prague Castle.[9]
Russian tornado of 1406 1406 near Nizhny Novgorod, Russia 1 1 fatality known The first known tornado outbreak in Russia. From the damage description, it was possibly a strong tornado. One fatality documented.[11]
Venice tornado 1406 Venice, Venetian Republic 1 Many fatalities A strong tornado hit Venice, destroying many houses and killing many people.
Rodenberg tornado 1453 Rodenberg, Germany 1 18 A strong tornado moved through the village, killing 18 people.
Oleśnica tornado 11 September 1535 Oleśnica, Poland 1 5 An F4 tornado destroyed part of the town, killing 5 people.
Lequile tornado 22 June 1546 Lequile, Italy 1 24 A strong tornado travelled for 3 km (maybe F3/F4), destroying the town and killing many people.
Grand Harbour of Malta tornado 23 September 1551 (or 1556) Malta 1 ≈600 fatalities Perhaps the deadliest European tornado.[3]
Nottingham tornado 7 July 1558 Nottingham, United Kingdom 1 5 - 7 On 7 July 1558, a tornado tracked through the city centre of Nottingham, killing at least 5 people, and possibly 1 child. Some soarces say as many as 7 people were killed, if so, it would become one of the deadliest, if not, the deadliest tornado in the United Kingdom's history. TORRO rated the tornado T7, which is equivalent to F3 on the Fujita Scale
Kestřany tornado 24 May 1582 Kestřany, Bohemia 1 ? probably F3[10]
Rockhausen tornado 15 July 1582 Rockhausen, Germany 1 ? The tornado was rated F4, and nearly destroyed a village; only two houses remained untouched.
Neznašov tornado 6 July 1585 Neznašov, Bohemia 1 ? probably F3[9][10]
Koclířov tornado 14 August 1585 Koclířov, Bohemia 1 ? probably F3[10]
Augsburg tornado 2 July 1587 Augsburg, Holy Roman Empire 1 ? [citation needed]
Rome tornado of 1645 4 December 1645 Rome, Papal States 1 Many fatalities Probably F4.[citation needed]
Lincolnshire tornado 23 October 1666 Lincolnshire, United Kingdom 1 3 On 23 October 1666 the most intense tornado on record for the UK (and England) passed through Welbourn, Wellingore, Navenby and Boothby Graffoe in Lincolnshire. The tornado has been rated at T8-9, potentially ranking it F5, if so, it would be the only F5 in British history. Thomas Short writing in 1749 described it as "it came with such Violence and Force, that at Welbourn it levelled most of the Houses to the Ground; broke down some, and tore up other Trees by the Roots, scattering abroad much Corn and Hay. One Boy only was killed. It went on to Wellingore, where it overthrew some Houses, and killed two Children in them. Thence it passed on and touched the Skirts of Navenby, and ruined a few Houses. Keeping its Course to the next Town Boothby Graffoe, where it dashed the Church Steeple in pieces, furiously rent the Church itself, both Stone and Timber Work, left little of either standing, only the Body of the Steeple."[3]
La Rochelle – Paris tornadoes September 1669 France >2 ? Longest track tornado family in Europe at 400 km (250 mi), but the distance may be greater as the tornado possibly started as a waterspout over the Bay of Biscay.[3] Earliest-known French tornadoes.
Cádiz tornado 15 March 1671[12] Cadiz, Andalucia, Spain 1 ≥600 fatalities[13] Possible F3/F4 tornado. Apparently a violent Spanish tornado.[14]
Utrecht tornado 1 August 1674 Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands 1 ? Destroyed part of the Dom Tower of Utrecht.[15]
Veneto tornado 29 July 1686 Terrazzo, Dolo, Italy 1 Many fatalities and injured A strong and long track tornado caused extensive damage from Terrazzo to Dolo, travelling for 40 miles in 1 hour, killing many people and injuring many others.
Olomouc tornado 13 August 1701 Olomouc, Moravia 1 ? probably F3[10]
Möklinta Tornado 27 September 1725 Möklinta, Sweden 1 ? First documented tornado in Sweden. The ESWD mentions that the tornado had an average width of 82 meters.
Rome tornado of 1749 12 June 1749 Rome, Papal States 1 2 Destroyed many houses in Rome and Ostia, probably an F3 multivortex tornado.[citation needed]
Padua tornado 17 August 1756 Veneto, Italy 1 0 A likely F3 tornado hit the city of Padua, heavily damaging masonry buildings, with leaded roofs thrown several kilometers away.[citation needed]
Great Malvern tornado of 1761 14 October 1761 Malvern, Worcestershire, Great Britain 1 ? [16]
Woldegk tornado 29 June 1764 Germany 3 1 Small tornado outbreak over Poland and Germany with 1 F5, 1 F3 and 1 F1. The F5 tornado traveled for 35 km with a width of 400-800m and had windspeeds of 125 mps, killing 1 person and injuring 3 people. This is one of the most powerful events to have hit Europe.[citation needed]
Belfast and Carrickfergus tornado 2 September 1775 Northern Ireland 1 ? A small tornado which damaged crops and structures and lifted people into the air. It also lifted the waters in Larne Lough, hit land on Islandmagee and then disappeared into the North Channel.[17]
Gräfenberg tornado 8 June 1778 Germany 1 7 A powerful tornado struck the town, killing 7 people and injuring 10 others.
Hainichen tornado 23 April 1800 Germany 1 0 A violent tornado (F5) caused heavy damage (houses were destroyed completely and trees debarked) on a path of 9.5 km in a 50m wide area, injuring 5 people.[citation needed]
Southsea tornado 14 December 1810 Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, UK 1 0 Third-strongest British tornado, rated T7-8. Some homes were completely leveled and others so badly damaged that they had to be demolished. Chimneys were blown down and lead on a bank roof was 'rolled up like a piece of canvas'.[3]
Louny tornado 2 May 1831 Louny, Bohemia 1 1 [10]
Carrickfergus tornado 12 June 1834 Carrickfergus, Northern Ireland A tornado struck Kilroot, damaging a house and taking the thatch off of it. It also killed a hen, which was carried into the wind, and lifted two people off the ground; they were uninjured.
Nýrsko tornado 25 May 1843 Nýrsko, Bohemia 1 2 [10]
Seine-Maritime tornado 19–20 August 1845 France 3 70–200 A small outbreak produced 3 tornadoes in France, the Netherlands and Germany. An F5 tornado struck Montiville in France, killing ≥70 people and injuring 130 on a 15–30 km path.
1851 Sicily tornadoes 8 December 1851 Sicily, Kingdom of Sicily 2 ≈500 fatalities Among the deadliest European tornadoes.[3]
Middle Poland tornado 31 May 1866 Jarluty Duże, Humięcino 2 ≥7 fatalities, 18 injuries One of them was the deadliest tornado in Poland.[18]
Palazzolo dello Stella tornado 28 July 1867 Palazzolo dello Stella, Italy 1 15 A strong tornado (F3) destroyed the town, killing 15 people and injuring about 50 others.
Veneto tornado 24 September 1867 Venice, Italy 1 20 fatalities, many injuries A strong tornado (F3) struck Venice province on a 25 km path.
Tuscany tornado 29 July 1868 Grosseto, Rocca Tederighi, Italy 4 0 A strong 400 m wide tornado made several olive groves disappear, ground scouring observed.
Brno tornado 13 October 1870 Brno, Moravia 1 0 Detailed scientific description by Gregor Mendel.[9]
Vienna tornado 29 June 1873 Vienna, Austria 1 Many fatalities [19][20]
Gødvad - Kattrup tornado 6 September 1882 Gødvad, Kattrup, Denmark 1 ? A long track, violent F4 tornado struck gødvad & kattrup a long a 32.3 kilometer long path. 6 half-timbered oak homes were crushed, trees uprooted and thrown & several fields scoured. A Pond had all of its water sucked up. several fields sustained scouring, one of which sustained heavily deep ground scouring. This is the strongest tornado to touch down in denmark[21]
Catania tornado 7 October 1884 Catania, Italy 1 30 A strong F3 tornado destroyed many town around Catania, and part of the city. Many building are completely destroyed on 25 km path. 30 people died and about 500 others were injured.
Madrid tornado 12 May 1886 Madrid, Spain 1 47 A F3 tornado struck Madrid, causing extensive damage to buildings, some of which collapsed, killing the occupants, on a 12 km path from Carabanchel to Ciudad Lineal with a width of 1 km. It is the deadliest Spanish tornado of the last two centuries.[22]
Rhineland tornado 1 July 1891 North Rhineland, Germany 5 3 Tornado outbreak over central Germany. 3 tornadoes are unclassified. 1 was an F0 that travelled 12 km from Beeskow to Müllrose (Brandenburg), and 1 was a powerful F4 that brought the total destruction of Anrath, a small village, killing 3 people and injuring 100 on a 20 km path while moving at 300.00 kilometres per hour (186.41 mph). 8 cm hail fell near Anrath before the arrival of the tornado.[23]
Novska tornado 31 May 1892 Croatia, Austria-Hungary 2 1 Strongest known tornado in Croatia. A large multivortex F4 twin-tornado struck the southern part of the village of Novska and surrounding woods. 1 person was killed, 3 people were heavily injured, and many had minor injuries. At least 150,000 trees were destroyed in its path. A train was derailed; one train wagon (14 t) was lifted at least 6 m into the air and thrown 30 meters onto a field. Average width of the tornado was 800 m, with the maximum width exceeding 1.2 km. Hail size from this tornadic supercell was 8 cm.[citation needed]
Badalona tornado 15 June 1892 Badalona, Catalonia, Spain 1 3 fatalities "La Vanguardia" – newspaper[24]
Polesella tornado 19 July 1892 Polesella, Veneto, Italy 1 Many fatalities and injured people A strong F3 tornado struck Polesella.
Paris tornado 10 September 1896 Paris, France 1 5 The Paris tornado of 10 September 1896 is the only documented case of a tornado forming and dissipating within an urban area in France.[25]
Central Germany tornado outbreak 18 March 1897 Germany 5 4 A tornado outbreak produced 5 tornadoes over central Germany. The first tornado hit Gelsenkirchen, with a strong tornado that destroyed a factory and some houses, killing 3 people and injuring 4. An F3 tornado struck Kirberg and other villages on a 40 km path, killing 1. Two other tornadoes struck Stelzen (Thüringen) and Fürth am Berg (Bayern).[citation needed]
Oria tornado 21 September 1897 Oria, Apulia, Italy 1 55 A strong F4 tornado struck the villages of Sava and Oria, killing 55 people on a 37 km path and a width of 400-800m. Some houses were destroyed and other buildings were severely damaged.[citation needed]
Cologne tornado 7 August 1898 Cologne, Germany 1 3 A violent tornado struck the city of Cologne. The storm began 3 km from the city center, in Zollstock, accompanied by hail of 5 cm. The tornado caused heavy damage and was classified as F4. The storm ended just northwest of Wipperfürth after it had traveled for 38 km and after killing 3 people and wounding about 100.[citation needed]

20th centuryEdit

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
1902 Javaugues tornado 3 June 1902 France 1 1 fatality An F3 tornado struck Javaugues and other villages along its 7 km path. With a width of 3 km, this is the widest documented tornado that has hit the continent.[3]
1904 Moscow tornado 29 June 1904 Moscow, Russia 2[26] 9-100+ fatalities Two strong F2-F3 tornadoes struck the eastern part of Moscow, causing severe damage along its 42 km path in a densely populated area and with a width of 400-700m. They killed over 100 people and wounded over 800.[27]
1905 Armavir tornado 1 March 1905 Armavir, Russia 1 ? Details unknown.[28]
1906 Opladen tornado 14 August 1906 Opladen, Germany 1 1 fatality An F3 tornado struck several villages along its 15 km path, killing 1 person and injuring 25 others.[citation needed]
1910 Central Europe tornado outbreak 11 May 1910 Germany, Czech Republic and Austria 10 1 injured Tornado outbreak over Central Europe. 1 F3 tornado in Czech Republic struck Klatovy and other villages over a 13 km path, with a base of 1 km.[29]
1910 Lower Saxony tornadoes 4 June 1910 Lower Saxony, Germany 2 0 1 F3 tornado and 1 F4 tornado struck Bad Zwischenahn and Ostrhauderfehn.[citation needed]
1910 Germany tornadoes 22 July 1910 Germany 12 0 Tornado outbreaks over Germany, with 12 tornadoes, causing severe damage. 1 F3 tornado struck Platten (Rhineland-Palatinate). Several other tornadoes produced F2-F3 damage, with paths of 10–30 km.[citation needed]
1910 Lombardy tornado 23 July 1910 Lombardy, Italy 1 36 fatalities A violent long-track tornado caused severe damage along a 62 km path north of Milan. The tornado completely destroyed many homes in Busto Arsizio, Solaro, and Saronno, killing 36 people and injuring another 50, becoming one of the most destructive Italian tornadoes.[citation needed]
1912 Breţcu tornado 13 May 1912 Breţcu, Romania 1 17 fatalities A violent F3 tornado struck the town of Breţcu, destroying 1,548 houses and killing 17 people and injuring another 150.[citation needed]
1913 Plochingen tornado 1 June 1913 Plochingen, Germany 3 40 injuries A violent F3 tornado struck Echterdingen and Plochingen, traveling for 20 km and injuring 40 people. On the same day, 2 other tornadoes touched down in Germany: 1 F1 in Nürtingen and 1 in the Taunus region.[citation needed]
1913 United Kingdom tornado outbreak 27 October 1913 United Kingdom, Ireland 15+ 6 deaths, 150 injuries The 1913 United Kingdom tornado outbreak was an outbreak of Tornadoes, particularly over England and Wales, on 27 October 1913. It started off with two F3 tornadoes that tore through south Wales, one in Abercynon, which caused 50 injuries, and one in Methyr Tydfil which caused at least 6 deaths and over 100 injuries. Another F3 then struck Runcorn, in Cheshire. 2 F2 tornadoes then also struck the Taff Valley and Shrewsbury. Other tornadoes were reported in England at Blackpool, Craypole, Peckforton, Oundle, Exeter, Collumpton and Worthing. The final tornado of the outbreak was reported at Witcombe Park, Gloucester at around 17:20 on 28 October. A tornado was reported in Scotland at Crathes and in Ireland at Crosshaven. However, all of these tornadoes were generally weak. [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36].
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
10 0 0 2 3 0 0
1916 Itzgrund tornado 3 January 1916 Itzgrund, Bavaria-Germany 2 1 A long-track F3 tornado struck the cities of Itzgrund and Grafenwöhr, traveling for 85 km and killing 1 person and injuring another. On the same day, an F2 tornado struck Greiz.[citation needed]
1916 Wiener Neustadt tornado 10 July 1916 Wiener Neustadt, Vienna, Austria 3 35 fatalities, 328 injured This F4 tornado was the deadliest and strongest tornado in Austria. More than 150 homes were destroyed on a 20 km path. 2 other tornadoes were confirmed on this day: 1 F2 in Theresienfeld (Austria) and 1 F3 tornado in Saxony (Germany)[citation needed]
1920 Germany tornado outbreak 28–30 June 1920 Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony-Anhalt 9 3 injured Small outbreak over the northern part of Germany, with 1 F3 tornado that struck Bargteheide, 5 F2 tornadoes that caused 3 injuries and 3 F1 tornadoes.[37]
1924 Southern Netherlands tornado outbreak 26 April 1924 Netherlands ≥3 ? [citation needed]
1924 Pilisvörösvár tornado 13 June 1924 Pilisvörösvár, Hungary 1 6 fatalities, 33 injured A strong F4 long-track tornado killed 6 people near Budapest. The storm traveled for 65 km with a large base, up to 1/2 km. Several villages were razed to the ground and an F5 intensity was suspected, but according to windspeed, it should be an F4.[citation needed]
1924 Jels tornado 20 July 1924 Jels, Denmark 1 ? the tornado appeared near the Jels & Grønnebæk area and traveled for 2.7 km. Unknown damage.
1924 Østervrå tornado 9 September 1924 Østervrå, Denmark 1 5 injuries A strong F2 tornado severely damaged homes. Barns collapsed and large animals were killed. 5 people sustained injuries.[38]
1923 Sohihull tornado 24 October 1923 Solihull, England 1 7 injured A strong F1/T3 tornado struck the towns of Shirley and Solihull in England, carving a 3-mile damage path from Burman Road in Shirley to Damson Lane in Elmdon Heath, destroying a barn, killing a man taking shelter inside.
1924 Nice tornado 1 December 1924 Nice, France 1 30 injured An F3 tornado struck the city of Nice, damaging the city for 4.5 km in a 100m wide area. 30 people were injured by the storm.[citation needed]
1925 Netherlands tornado outbreak 10–12 August 1925 Netherlands, Germany and Czechoslovakia 5 4 fatalities A powerful tornado struck the town of Borculo, with several houses destroyed nearly to its foundation walls (F4). The church was also seriously damaged. Another tornado (F3) killed 1 and injured another 13 in Uetersen in Germany.[citation needed]
1927 Netherlands tornado outbreak 1–2 June 1927 Netherlands/Germany 7 8 fatalities Strong tornadoes over Netherlands and Germany, with 1 tornado near the F5 category in Neede that killed 7 people and another one near Vrees in Germany, where 10 people were injured by an F4 tornado. A strong F3 tornado struck Schepsdorf and Lingen, causing severe damage along a 6 km path, killing 1 person and injuring 17.[citation needed]
1927 Asipovichy tornado 12 June 1927 Belarus 1 1 fatality At 17.30 local time an F3 tornado crossed the territory of the Staryya Darohi and Asipovichy districts. The tornado destroyed some residential and outbuildings, crops and left a 250–300 m wide сlearing in the forest. One farmer, who was driving a dray, was tossed into the air along with his horse and load of logs and chips and thrown into the distance. He died two hours later. The tornado threw off a loaded train from the trackbed embankment on the construction site of the Asipovichy-Mahilyow railway line. The observers noted the rotation of the parent cloud. The phenomenon was accompanied by a thunderstorm and torrential rain. The tornado travelled a path of 37 km, with a capture width between 100 and 200 m.
1927 Austria tornado outbreak 29 September 1927 Austria 3 1 fatality 2 F3 tornadoes caused extensive damage in Sankt Ruprecht an der Raab and Unterrohr. The first tornado destroyed several homes, some also with ground floor walls having collapsed, injuring 10 people over a 20 km path with a width of 1 km. An F1 tornado struck Hirnsdorf, damaging some trees and roofs. The third tornado struck Unterrohr and other towns over a 15 km path, killing a 14-year-old boy who was lifted, thrown down and hit by roof tiles.[citation needed]
1928 Monza tornado 29 August 1928 Monza, Italy 1 8 fatalities A strong tornado struck the city of Monza, killing 8 people and injuring about 60 others.
1928 Hostrup tornado 24 November 1928 Denmark 1 ? An F4 tornado erased a farmhouse to the ground and deroofed several other homes. A pump was ripped off the ground and thrown 10 meters[39]
1930 Montello tornado 24 July 1930 Montello, Veneto, and Friuli in Italy 1 23 fatalities This is the strongest tornado in Europe, together with the 1845 Montville tornado in France, which was very similar in power.[3] The storm possibly crossed almost the entire province of Treviso, even going so far as the province of Pordenone, with a total path of about 80 km. The event lasted a total of 84 minutes, but perhaps this was not the only event of the day. The storm arrived to unleash winds of up to 500 km/h (F5 tornado), killing 23 people.[40]
1930 Naples tornado 16 August 1930 Naples, Italy 1 4 A strong tornado struck Naples, causing severe damage, killing 4 and injuring 70 people on a 4 km path.
1931 Birmingham tornado 14 June 1931 United Kingdom 1 1 fatality A strong F3 tornado struck the suburbs of Birmingham, killing 1 woman and injuring many other people.[41]
1931 Plettenberg tornado 17 June 1931 Germany 2 4 fatalities A tornado damaged the town of Willertshagen and Plettenberg in North Rhine-Westphalia. 4 people were killed and 80 others were injured.[citation needed]
1931 Lublin tornado 20 July 1931 Poland 1 3 fatalities A strong F4 (maybe a low F5) struck Lublin and Zemborzyce, killing 3 people and injuring many others along a 20 km path.[42]
1932 Finland tornado outbreak 4 August 1932 Finland 6 1 fatality 6 tornadoes (one F3) tracked 20 km.[43]
Kalundborg tornado 11 February 1934 Kalundborg, Denmark 1 Unknown ESWD mentions that an F2 tornado struck Kalundborg.
1934 Finland tornado outbreak 11–15 July 1934 Finland 8 1 fatality F4 tornado, strongest one in Finland.[43]
1934 Kyrenia tornado 17 October 1934 Cyprus 1 3 fatalities A strong tornado struck the city of Kyrenia, causing the collapse of the church tower and the roof of a school, killing 3 children.[citation needed]
1935 Bezděkov pod Třemšínem tornado 8 April 1935 Bezděkov pod Třemšínem, Czechoslovakia 1 1 fatality [10]
1935 Polichno tornado 6 September 1935 Polichno, Czechoslovakia 1 1 fatality F3 tornado[10]
1936 Düsseldorf tornado 10 January 1936 Germany 2 2 fatalities An F4 tornado damaged Düsseldorf, causing extensive damage, 2 fatalities and 37 injuries along a 10 km path. On the same day, an F3 tornado struck Hamm (Sieg).[citation needed]
1936 Wiepkenhagen tornado 15 July 1936 Germany 2 ? A violent tornado struck Wiepkenhagen (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern), causing severe damage similar to that caused by an F4 tornado.[citation needed]
1937 Mottola tornado 13 September 1937 ApuliaItaly 1 10 injured A long-track F3 tornado caused severe damage to the town of Mottola, Martina Franca, and in the Monopoli area, traveling for 43 km with severe damage to homes and trees. 10 people were injured.[citation needed]
1938 Nienhagen tornado 8 July 1938 Germany 1 0 A long-track F2 tornado caused damage to Nienhagen, Lower Saxony up to Uelzen, traveling for 75 km.[citation needed]
1945 Moscow tornado 2 September 1945 Moscow, Russia 1 Several fatalities A strong tornado, with a diameter of 50 to 300 meters and a speed of about 60 km/h, passed an area 12–15 kilometers and destroyed two villages near Moscow – Khomutovo and Oboldino.[44] The tornado was accompanied by a large hail the size of a chicken egg.[45]
1948 Bavaria tornado outbreak 22 July 1948 Germany 3 5 fatalities 3 tornadoes were confirmed. A strong tornado hit the Nürnberg city area, destroying 40 homes, killing 4 people and injuring 11 others. Another strong tornado caused damage from Auerbach up to Grafenwöhr, killing a 12-year-old boy by falling debris.[citation needed]
Buckinghamshire – Cambridgeshire, England tornadoes 21 May 1950 United Kingdom 4 0 An F2 tornado crossed Britain for 107 km (one of the longest-lived tornadoes in Europe) from Little London (Buckinghamshire) to Coveney (Cambridgeshire). Three other F1 tornadoes were documented on the same day.[citation needed]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 3 1 0 0 0
1950 Borod tornado 23 July 1950 Borod, Germany 1 0 An F2 tornado lasted only a few minutes as it passed the town's outskirts. All the tiles of many houses were torn off, trees were pulled out of the ground and some houses lost their entire roofs, including rafters and boards.[46]
1950 Gelderland–Friesland tornado outbreak 23 August 1950 GelderlandFriesland, Netherlands 4 0 Strongest recorded tornado in Netherlands, F5 damage[citation needed] in 50 kilometre long path in Veluwe Forest.[citation needed]
1951 Osterholz-Scharmbeck tornado 11 July 1951 Lower Saxony, Germany 2 0 A strong tornado (F3) caused severe damage in a 52 km path from Hude to Gnarrenburg in Lower Saxony.[citation needed]
1951 Khimki tornado 17 August 1951 Khimki, Soviet Union 1 ? A strong and multivortex tornado,[47] accompanied by rain and hail, swept through the Khimki district. The village of Skhodnya suffered the most, where a wooden railway platform was overturned.[28]
May 16, 1953 event 16 May, 1953 Germany, Denmark 4 0 Couple tornadoes struck germany & denmark. 2 strongest were rated F2. 1 high-end F2/T5 tornado touched down in the german region of Schleswig-Holstein. A second F2 tornado touched down in Hejls, denmark. Trees were uprooted or snapped in a forest, homes were deroofed & a chicken barn was picked up and thrown several kilometers into the ocean.[48]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
1 0 1 2 0 0 0
1953 Turin tornado 29 May 1953 Turin, Italy 1 5 fatalities A F1 tornado struck the centre of Turin, causing considerable damage and the collapse of part of the roof of the Mole. 5 people died in the storm.[citation needed]
1954 Castelo Branco tornado 6 November 1954 Portugal 1 5 fatalities, 220 injuries A strong F3 tornado struck the town of Castelo Branco, causing extreme damage to the city, killing 5 people and injuring 220 others.[citation needed]
1954 United Kingdom tornado outbreak 8 December 1954 United Kingdom 7 0 7 tornadoes were confirmed that day over England, and in particular over the western parts of the Greater London area, where 3 tornadoes (1 of them caused F3 damage from Gunnersbury to Southgate) were confirmed. In total, there was 1 F3 tornado, 4 F1 tornadoes and 2 F0 tornadoes.[citation needed][49]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 2 4 0 1 0 0
1956 Naro-Fominsk tornado outbreak 25 August 1956 Naro-Fominsk-Soviet Union 1 0 A group of long-track F2 tornadoes caused severe damage on an 80 km path in a 200-350m wide area.[44]
1957 Robecco Pavese tornado 16 June 1957 Robecco Pavese, Italy 1 7 fatalities, 80 injuries A violent tornado struck the villages of Argine, Robecco Pavese and Vallescuropasso, causing severe damage. The tornado was an F4 tornado, but at some point, it may have produced F5 damage. 7 people died and about 80 were injured on a 10 km path. This is the second most violent tornado to ever hit the country.[50]
1958 Rawa Mazowiecka and Nowe Miasto tornado 15–16 May 1958 Rawa Mazowiecka and Nowe Miasto in Poland 2 3 fatalities, >100 injuries [51]
1960 Rzeszów tornado 20 May 1960 Poland and Ukraine 8 5 fatalities, ≥100 injuries Tornado outbreak over southern Poland and northern Ukraine with 8 tornadoes. 1 was an F4 tornado that struck the town of Niechobrz, causing the total destruction of some houses and killing 3 people. The tornado may have reached F5 intensity as well. Another 2 victims were recorded in Dynów and Gorliczyna.[50][52]
1960 United Kingdom tornado outbreak 26–27 August 1960 United Kingdom 13 0 A light tornado outbreak over the south part of England with 13 tornadoes over a 2-day period. Most of them were at F0/F1 strength. The strongest tornadoes (F1) struck Hornchurch, (Greater London) and Poulton, Gloucestershire.[citation needed]
1961 Évreux tornadoes 4 May 1961 France 2 1 fatality and 100 injured Two powerful F3 tornadoes struck Évreux and Cormeilles. In the city of Évreux, 1 person died and 100 others were injured.[citation needed]
1961 Bavaria tornadoes 14 May 1961 Germany 2 5 injuries A strong F3 tornado struck Gangkofen and Wurmannsquick, traveling for 22 km and injuring 5 people. A second tornado struck Mitterskirchen and Hirschhorn, traveling for 30 km and producing F2 damage. Both tornadoes caused extensive damage.[citation needed]
1961 Central Europe tornado outbreak 8 August 1961 Germany and Austria 7 1 fatality All the tornadoes were classified as F1. They caused severe damage near Hamburg, while an F1 tornado struck Innsbruck, producing large hail and killing 1 person.[citation needed]
1961 Pomezia tornado 30 October 1961 Pomezia, Italy 1 3 An F3 tornado traveled 20 km on land near Rome. 25 wooden and brick houses were completely destroyed, six factories were strongly damaged and some concrete houses were completely destroyed. 3 people died and 60 were injured.[citation needed]
1962 Holstebro tornado 11 February 1962 Denmark 1 Unknown Injuries A powerful high-end F3 tornado struck Holstebro in Denmark, causing devastating damage. More than 100 houses were badly damaged or destroyed, making this event the most devastating tornado in Denmark's history, and third strongest tornado documented in denmark. Many injuries were reported, but the number is not exactly known. The tornado traveled 13 km, with a max width of 500 meters, while remaining on the ground for 25 minutes. ESWD mentions that F4 intensity may have been reached[53]
1962 Isla del Moral tornado 27 October 1962 Spain 1 1 Fatality An F1 tornado hit Isla del Moral, killing 1[54]
1962 Brenes tornado 14 December 1962 Spain 1 3 Fatalities, 30 injuries An F1 tornado hit Brenes, killing 3 & injuring 30 others[54]
1963 Fårvang tornado 27 August 1963 Denmark 2 Unknown The day started with a waterspout over the baltic sea. A couple hours later, a high-End F3 tornado caused severe damage to 20 homes in Fårvang, denmark, including a large school. The school was partly collapsed & further two homes collapsed. ESWD mentions that F4 intensity may have been reached.[55]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
1 0 0 0 1 0 0
1964 Kirovo-Chepetsk tornado 20 May 1964 Soviet Union 1 0 A long-track tornado struck the Kirov Oblast and Udmurtia, travelling for 175 km from Kirovo-Chepetsk to Glazov. It was classified as an F2 tornado.[citation needed]
1964 Lower Saxony tornadoes 15–16 September 1964 Germany 3 ? 3 F3 tornadoes struck several villages in Lower Saxony. The first, an F3 tornado, struck on the 15th, killing 1 person and injuring 20 others on a 20 km path from the town of Minden to Stadthagen. The other 2 tornadoes struck Mellendorf and Schessinghausen.[citation needed]
1965 Italy tornado outbreak 4 - 5 July 1965 Italy 7 15 fatalities, 215 injuries Violent outbreak of tornadoes. 1 person killed in Busseto, 7 dead in Fiorenzuola d'Arda, 3 dead in Torricella di Sisa. 3 tornadoes struck Piedmonte, killing 3 from each one. Finally, a tornado in Ostellato killed 1. Overall 15 people were killed and 215 people were injured. [56] [57] [58]
1966 Czech tornado 18 July 1966 Czechoslovakia 1 8 injuries F3 tornado[10]
1967 Western Europe tornado outbreak 24–25 June 1967 FranceNetherlandsBelgium 7 15 - 20 fatalities, 112 injured From 24 - 25 June 1967, a violent tornado outbreak struck western Europe. An F3 that travelled for 8 km struck Davenescourt. Then, an F5 struck Palluel, killing 6 and injuring 30, later, a violent F4 struck Pommereuil, killing 2 and injuring 50, followed by an F2 in Argoules. The next day, an F3 struck Oostmalle in Belgium, damaging homes. An F3 struck Ulicoten, Chaam and Gilze killing 2. The final tornado of the outbreak was an F3 that struck Nieuwaal, Crob, Deil and Tricht, killing at least 5, some sources say up to 10 were killed in Tricht. [59] [60] [61]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 0 1 4 1 1
1968 Black Forest tornado 10 July 1968 Germany 2 2 fatalities A long-track F3 tornado struck Uberach and other villages in France, in Alsace region, causing 3 injuries. The same supercell produced the powerful F4 tornado that struck Ittersbach and Pforzheim (Baden-Württemberg), killing 2 people (One additional person was killed during clean-up efforts) and injuring 300 others.[62]
1968 Catania tornado 31 October 1968 Sicily-Italy 1 2 fatalities A powerful tornado hit the Piana di Catania along a path of 16 km, killing 2 people and injuring 100 others.[citation needed]
1969 Belarus tornado outbreak 31 May 1969 Belarus 4 0 A powerful tornado outbreak produced 3 F2 and 1 F1 tornadoes across Belarus. The strongest one struck Svetlahorsk (Gomel Region).[citation needed]
1969 Nicosia tornadoes 22 December 1969 Cyprus Several 4 fatalities Waterspouts (probably tornadic) came ashore.[citation needed]
1970 Soviet Union tornado outbreak 6 July 1970 Soviet Union 6 0 6 F1 long-track tornadoes struck the area 400 km S of Moscow. 1 of them had a path length of 100 km.[citation needed]
1970 Venice–Padua tornado 11 September 1970 Veneto, Italy 1 36 fatalities A violent tornado struck the outskirts of Padua and Venice, causing heavy damage and killing 36 people. 21 of the victims were on a ferry on the island of St. Helena when the tornado hit. 12 people died in a campsite in Ca'Savio, where some cars were found more than 200 meters away. The F4 tornado traveled 70 km.[citation needed]
1971 La Rochelle tornado 25 January 1971 France 1 1 fatality An F4 tornado struck La Rochelle traveling for 2.9 km, causing severe damage in a 50m wide area. 1 person died and another 12 were injured.[citation needed]
1971 L'Abbaye tornado 18 October 1971 Switzerland 1 0 A powerful F4 tornado struck Bois d'Amont and L'Abbaye, causing severe damage to houses, cars and completely destroying sections of forests. The path of the storm is similar to that of the 1890 F4 tornado.[citation needed]
1971 Kiel tornado 18 October 1971 Germany 1 1 fatality An F3 tornado struck Kiel, killing 1 person and injuring 13 others.[citation needed]
1972 Ameland Island tornado 11 August 1972 Friesland, Netherlands 7 fatalities, 90 injuries [citation needed]
1973 Northern France tornado outbreak 20 September 1973 France 3 2 fatalities 3 F3 tornadoes struck Fleury-les-Aubray, Sancy-les-Provins and Grainville-Langannerie killing 2 people and injuring 14 others.[citation needed]
1974 Nizhny Novgorod tornado 3 July 1974 Nizhny Novgorod, Russia 1 ? South-east of the village Dubenki, at about 17:00, a F3 tornado suddenly formed. Passing along the Volga River, accompanied by a thunderstorm, rain and hail, the tornado broke the equipment of the weather station «Myza» and came to a residential area of a new building in the Prioksky City District. All buildings in the path of the tornado were severely damaged. Аlso, the roof of the Annunciation Monastery was torn off. Crossing the Volga, in the port of Spit of Nizhny Novgorod, the tornado dropped a 240-ton crane into the river, tore off the hatch covers of a cargo steamer standing in the port, and scattered the goods prepared for shipment.[44][63] Then the whirlwind went into the field and disappeared near Lake Kislenko. After the tornado, a squally wind swept through the city.[64] As a result, — a lot of material damage and possibly human casualties.[65]
1978 Seville Airport tornado 27 Dec 1978 Sevilla, Spain 1 Unknown The F3 tornado hit the airport in the city of Sevilla. Multiple cars were overturned, a plane was moved and overturned. 70 vehicles were affected by the tornado. Later, the tornado tore off the roof of a house in which a girl was sleeping. Miraculously, the girl was not hurt.
1979 Christ's Ascension Day outbreak 24 May 1979 Germany 6 3 injured A major outbreak struck parts of Eastern Germany with one violent F4 tornado near Bad Liebenwerda (Brandenburg) where harvesters were sent flying.[citation needed]
1980 Ukraine tornado outbreak 2 June 1980 Ukraine 4 0 4 tornadoes were confirmed. 3 of them were of F2 strength, while the first tornado was an F1.[citation needed]
Mid-June 1980 Germany tornado outbreak 14–15 June 1980 Central Germany 7 8 fatalities, at least 11 injuries (serious) Some tornadoes struck the Central German states of Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt. A campsite was severely damaged with some fatalities. The tornadoes were classified as being of F1-F2 strength.[citation needed]
1981 Lithuania tornado 29 May 1981 Eastern Lithuania 1 ≥1 fatality An F2 tornado travelled for 6 km with a path 100-300m wide.[66] This was the strongest known tornado that hit the country. One fatality documented.[67]
1981 Moerdijk tornado 6 October 1981 North Brabant, Netherlands 1 17 fatalities NLM CityHopper Flight 431 encountered a tornado shortly after takeoff and crashed.
1981 United Kingdom tornado outbreak 23 November 1981 United Kingdom 104 8 injuries Largest known European outbreak,[3] though predominately weak tornadoes.
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
21 24 57 2 0 0 0
1982 Levier tornado 2 June 1982 France 1 ? A powerful F4 tornado struck Levier, causing severe damage along a 3 km path.[68]
1982 France–Belgium tornadoes 20 September 1982 France and Belgium 3 7 injured 3 tornadoes were confirmed, 1 F2 and the other 2 were classified as being of F3 strength. A strong F3 tornado struck Belgium, injuring 3 people on a 31 km path. Possibly the strongest tornado event in Belgium.[citation needed]
1984 Soviet Union tornado outbreak 9 June 1984 Western Russia ≥8 69 – 400+ fatalities, 213 injured The deadliest tornado outbreak in Russia.[3] Two violent tornadoes touched down, both rated F4, in the outbreak that damaged 36 cities and villages, including Tver and Kostroma, in a wide area north of Moscow. Almost three F2 tornadoes were fixed over no-population areas, and an F3 tornado also occurred.[citation needed]
1986 Ojos Negros tornado 23 September 1986 Spain 1 ? An F3 tornado that moved 4 km, damaging a mine, destroying a farm, destroying entire crops, and killing hundreds of livestock. Damages were estimated at €32 million.
1987 Shel'vov tornado 20 July 1987 Ukraine 1 4 Fatalities 30 injured F3 tornado that destroyed the town of Shel'vov.
1991 Humlebæk tornado 18 May 1991 Humlebæk, Denmark 1 Unknown ESWD mentions an F2 tornado struck Humlebæk.
1992 Ameland Island tornado 17 August 1992 Friesland, Netherlands 1 1 fatality [citation needed]
1992 Ciutadella-Ferreries tornado 9 October 1992 Ciutadella-Ferreries, Spain 1 0 The tornado reached wind speeds of 320 km/h. The tornado was of the F3 type. Thousands of trees were devastated. A month before, on 9 September 1992 in Ciutadella, there was a downburst that killed a woman. The downburst produced winds of about 180 km / h.
1993 Sigüenza tornado 24 May 1993 Sigüenza, Spain 1 0 F2 damage in a path across the town.[citation needed]
1994 Espluga de Francolí tornado 31 August 1994 Espluga de Francolí, Spain 1 0 fatalities, 0 injuries A tornado struck Espluga de Francolí. The tornado destroyed roofs of houses, high voltage towers, trees and railroad tracks. The tornado was rated as an F2.
1994 Northern Italy tornado outbreak 31 August-14 September 1994 Piedmont, Liguria, Tuscany, Umbria, Veneto, Friuli, Italy 23 many fatalities Between 31 August and 2 September, 9 tornadoes struck Liguria (F3) and the Po Valley, with fatalities and damages; on 2 September, two other tornadoes formed in Pordenone and Brescia; on 14 September, a violent cold front entered northern Italy, producing 12 tornadoes all over the northern regions.
1997 Spijkenisse tornado 7 June 1997 Netherlands 1 0 F1 damage to houses, and trees ripped out from the ground.[citation needed]
1997 Eastern Europe tornado outbreak 23 June 1997 Ukraine, Belarus, Poland 11 17 Fatalities, 50 injuries As a cold front moved across Eastern Europe, it produced many deadly wedge tornadoes. The tornadoes affected an area from Lublin Voivodship, to Lutsk Oblast, to the Minsk Region. The outbreak started off at 13:00 local time when at least 5 F1 tornadoes touched down, many house would be destroyed and 1 person would die in Łaszczów. Later that day, a tornado touched down in Pidrichchia, Ukraine, killing 2 people, the tornado was rated F2. As the storm moved through Ukraine, it is thought 9 more people were killed but it is unsure how many of those deaths were related to tornadoes. Within the span of 20 minutes, 2 tornadoes touched down in Belarus, one in Molodovo, and another in Chatava, both were rated F1. 3 more F2 tornadoes touched down acros the minsk region, one in Krasnahorki, one in Skamaroški, and one that killed 5 people and injured 50 in Rubiaževičy. Overall, the storms killed 17 people, with 50 more being injured. [69] [70] https://eswd.eu/cgi-bin/eswd.cgi
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 7 4 0 0 0
1997 Copenhagen tornado 30 June 1997 Denmark, Germany, Russia 3 Unknown An F1 tornado struck the capital city of Denmark. Based on the ESWD, the tornado traveled 0.7 km with a max width of 60 meters. 1 F1 tornado struck near Ginsheim in Germany, while a landspout tornado touched down in Russia.
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
1 0 2 0 0 0 0
1998 Selsey tornado 7 January 1998 Selsey, West Sussex, England 1 0 The Selsey tornado was the widest tornado in the UK. The tornado had a maximum width of 900m where it initially made landfall as a waterspout. Fortunately, no one was hurt as the event occurred slightly before midnight.[3]
1998 Mikkeli tornado 12 June 1998 Finland 1 0 F3 (track 10 km) destroyed some airport facilities.[citation needed]
1998 Nørager tornado 31 August 1998 Nørager, Denmark 1 Unknown ESWD mentions that an F2 tornado struck Nørager. The tornado traveled 4 km with a max width of 500 meters.
1999 San Leonardo de Yagüe tornado 1 June 1999 Spain 1 0 F3 damage and thousands of trees uprooted in a forest near Soria, Spain.[citation needed]
1999 Gudar Range tornado 28 August 1999 Sistema Ibérico, Spain 1+ 0 F3 tornado in mountainous terrain.[71]

21st centuryEdit

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
2000 Rakvere tornado 15 July 2000 Rakvere, Estonia 1 1 fatality, 1 injury A F2 tornado struck Rakvere killing 1 person and injuring 1.[72]
2001 Milošovice tornado 31 May 2001 Milošovice, Czech Republic 2 None F3 tornado[10]
2001 Concorezzo tornado 7 July 2001 Concorezzo, Italy 3 92 injuries A strong F3 tornado struck Concorezzo and Arcore, causing severe damage and injuring 92 people. A number of houses and warehouses were unroofed and some cars were lofted into the air. 2 other tornadoes (F1 and F2) were recorded on the same day in northern Italy.[73]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 1 1 1 0 0
2001 Catalonia-Southern France tornado outbreak 20 October 2001 Catalonia and Languedoc-Roussillon 6 None 4 F1 tornadoes and one F0 tornado touched down in Spain; One F1 tornado touched down in France.[74]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 1 5 0 0 0 0
2002 Athens tornado 27 July 2002 Athens, Greece 1 None Struck near airport.[75]
2002 Southern Romania tornadoes 12 August 2002 Southern Romania 2 3 fatalities, 15 injuries A strong F3+ tornado, up to 1,000 metres (1,100 yd) wide, struck Făcăeni in southern Romania. 33 houses were destroyed on a 74 km (46 mi) path. The storm killed 3 people and injured 15 others. Another tornado struck near Floreasca.[76]
2003 Cyprus tornado outbreak 27 January 2003 Southern Cyprus 4 1 fatality Tornadoes and waterspouts; Limassol was hit the worst, with a F2 tornado.[77]
2004 Cyprus tornado outbreak 22 January 2004 Cyprus 7+ Multiple injuries Severe weather outbreak with several F1-2 tornadoes and waterspouts.[77]
2004 Czech Republic tornado outbreak 9 June 2004 Czech Republic 2 None There were 2 tornadoes in the Czech Republic; the first was probably an F1, the second an F3. The first tornado appeared in Seninka at 14:15 UTC. The second and stronger one appeared only 15 minutes after the first one in Litovel.[10]
2004 Germany tornado outbreak 23 June 2004 Northern and Eastern Germany 6 8 injuries At least one F1, an F2, and an F3 tornado caused significant damage. The villages of Micheln and Trebbichau in Saxony-Anhalt were heavily impacted by one of the most damaging tornadoes in modern German history.[78]
2004 Finland tornado outbreak 20 August 2004 Finland 3 None 1 F3 (track 10 km) and 2 F1 tornadoes were reported.[79]
2005 Romania tornado outbreak 7 May 2005 Romania 9 None 9 tornadoes touched down in Romania. One of them struck Movilita, causing F1 damage on a 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) path. 2 houses, a church tower, trees and roofs were damaged.[80]
2005 Hajdúbagos-Hosszúpályi tornado 18 May 2005 Hungary 1 None A registered F2 tornado hit two villages near Debrecen. The tornado touched down in the eastern part of Hajdúbagos and followed an approx. 10 km path through Hosszúpályi. 80% of the forests in the Hajdúság Landscape Protection Area between the two villages were completely destroyed and several houses were damaged.[81]
2005 July Outbreak 25–29 July 2005 United Kingdom, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Finland, Austria, France, Poland, Ukraine, Russia, Czech Republic 46 63 injured Widespread tornado outbreak with 46 reports reported to ESWD. The outbreak started off with 9 tornadoes on July 25, highest being rated F1. Moderate roof damage was reported in Ipatovo, Russia, while another low-end F1 tornado uprooted trees near Großaitingen, Germany. On July 26, 5 tornadoes touched down, one of which caused F2 damage in Yalta, Ukraine. 10 homes reported damaged across a 15 km long path, some of which had their roofs torn entirely off. A bus and lorry was lifted & a bus-stop was smashed. A cow was picked up as well. Another high-end F1 tornado hit Kalsdorf, Austria. On July 27, 8 tornado reports were reported. An F1 tornado caused damage across a 4 km long and a 100 meter wide path in Romaney, Germany, while another F1 tornado downed a bunch of trees. In the Netherlands, 3 F0 tornado caused damage. In Moordrecht, a shed were damaged & 2000 windows on a greenhouse were damaged, while another 6500 m2 large greenhouse complex saw roof damage by another tornado in Noorden. 1000 m2 out of the 6500 m2 were damaged. In Garderen, an F0 tornado twisted tree tops & damaged roofs. Multiple stands on a marketplace was turned upside down. 3 people were injured by flying debris. A second tornado touched down near the town about 30 min later. Rated F1. An F1 tornado caused damage in Plouaret, France. Across its 2.5 km long and 100 meter wide path, the tornado severely damaged 5 roofs. Trees were uprooted, snapped or twisted. A tree about 4 meter high & 25 cm wide were sectioned at the base and found 60 meters away. Sheet metal were tossed over 200 meters and impaled into fields. On July 28, 12 tornadoes were reported. An F2/T4 tornado struck suburbs of Birmingham, causing 39 injuries and severe damage. Roofs and walls were torn from homes and cars were flipped. Damage was consistent for 3 miles before becoming more scattered and weaker. On the same day, 2 F0 tornadoes struck Peterborough and Moulton, causing minor damage to trees and roofs. An F2 tornado caused damage near Ivoy-le-Pré in France. Trees were twisted, 2 silos were destroyed as well as hangar. Roofs were ripped off homes as well. In Sagonne, an F1 tornado uprooted Centennial trees & twisted poplars. A flower pot was carried 5 meters up into the air & parts of sheet metal roofs were carried hundred meters away. Another F2 tornado caused damage & 7 injuries in Coulanges-la-Vineuse. Two Unrated tornadoes touched down in Poland. One of them caused 250000 EUR worth of damage. On July 29, 12 tornadoes were reported. A large F2 tornado caused damage in western Czech Republic across a 21 km long and 1000 meter wide path (1093 yards). Roofs were torn off & trees were severely damaged. An F2 tornado caused damage in Johanngeorgenstadt, Germany, causing 2 injuries while another F2 tornado hit Erlabrunn. Multiple other F2 tornadoes touched down in Germany, as well as an F1 tornado that caused 10 injuries as it hit a campsite. An F2 tornado hit Mitro-Ayupovo in Russia. Many houses was damaged, including one home that collapsed & others who had their roof torn off. Trees & Poles were snapped. Windows were destroyed as well. A Grain-cleaning complex was lifted up and completely destroyed when smashed into the ground. An F2 tornado injured 2 people in Bralin, Poland.[82][83][84][85][86][87]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
12 10 12 12 0 0 0
2005 Catalonia tornado outbreak 7–8 September 2005 Catalonia, Spain 5 0 1 F2 tornado, 3 F1 tornadoes, 1 F0 tornado and more than 10 waterspouts in 24 hours[citation needed]
2006 Hamburg tornado outbreak 27 March 2006 Germany 8 2 fatalities, 2 injuries 8 tornadoes were spotted, two of which were rated F2. One of them struck Hamburg, causing 2 deaths and 2 injuries on a 7 km path. The other tornadoes were F1.[citation needed]
2006 central Europe tornado outbreak 20–21 May 2006 Germany, Poland, Czech Republic and Netherlands 16 0 The outbreak struck the central part of Europe, in particular the central region of Germany, with 16 tornadoes across the region. 5 were F2, 10 F1 and 1 F0. The most powerful hit Westerwiehe (F2); however, the longest path was that of an F1 that lasted for 23 km.[citation needed]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 1 10 5 0 0 0
2006 Noordwijkerhout tornado 21 May 2006 Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands 1 0 F1-2 tornado causing damage to crops and buildings.[citation needed]
August 2006 UK tornado outbreaks 16–18 August 2006 United Kingdom 4 8 injuries At least 4 tornadoes.[citation needed]
August 2006 Mainland Europe outbreak 21 August 2006 Western Europe 7+ 38 injuries At least 7 confirmed tornadoes, a further 4 unconfirmed.[citation needed]
2006 Tarragona and Barcelona coast tornado outbreak 13 September 2006 Catalonia, Spain 4 0 3 F1 tornadoes, 1 F0 tornado and more than 5 waterspouts in 24 hours.[citation needed]
2006 London tornado 7 December 2006 London, England, UK 1 6 injuries[88]
Cyclone Kyrill tornado outbreak 17–18 January 2007 Eastern Germany 10 5 The first tornado was an F0 in the Netherlands on the 17th. On the 18th, 9 tornadoes were reported, one in Sweden, 4 in Germany, 1 in the Czech Republic and 3 in Poland. The 4 tornadoes in Germany were 1 F2, 2 F3 and 1 F3 (the F3 tornadoes caused the 5 injuries), the last one with a path of 34 km. The other tornadoes were 3 F2 and 1 F1 tornadoes.[citation needed]
2007 Guidizzolo tornado 9 July 2007 North Italy 3 12 injuries 3 tornadoes formed over Veneto, Lombardia and Piemonte. In Piemonte, a landspout tornado occurred near Vercelli. In Lombardia, a strong F2 struck the village of Guidizzolo, causing severe damage on a 12 km path. In Veneto, an F1 struck Farra D'Alpago, causing some damage to roofs.[citation needed]
2007 central England tornado outbreak 23 September 2007 Central England 6 0 At least 6 tornadoes were reported in Warwickshire, Northamptonshire and the West Midlands. 4 of them were F1 tornadoes.[89]
2008 northern Poland tornadoes 23 February 2008 northern Poland 3 0 Low pressure system produced 3 tornado reports to ESWD. In Naklo nad Notecia, an F2 damaged some roofs and destroyed a barn. Another strong but unrated tornado was reported near Bydgoszcz. A tornado was also reported in Georgia.
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
2 0 0 1 0 0 0
2008 Salboro (Padua) tornado 6 July 2008 Padua, Veneto, Italy 1 0 A small F0 tornado that hit an urban area.[90]
2008 Hautmont tornado 3 August 2008 Hautmont, France 1 4 fatalities, 13 injuries Same outbreak as below; F4 damaged several villages.[91][92]
2008 northern Netherlands tornado outbreak 3 August 2008 Friesland, Groningen, Netherlands 2 confirmed, 4 reported 0 Same outbreak as above; F2-3 tornadoes caused damage to property.[citation needed]
2008 Poland tornado outbreak 15–16 August 2008 Poland 12 4 fatalities, 100 injured 12 were reported. A strong, multiple vortex F3 (possibly an F4) tore through seven villages, causing severe damage and injuring 15 people. Another F3 touched down near Pilka and struck Rustinowce, Kalina and Herby, killing a woman in Kalina. A third F3 caused severe damage in Blachownia. Near Mykanów, an F2 flipped and lifted a bus, injuring 40. A fourth F3 killed one person in Gorzhowice. Downbursts in Slovakia killed two people. In total, 4 people were killed and about 100 were injured in the outbreak.[citation needed]
2009 Málaga tornado 1 February 2009 Málaga, Spain 1 0 fatalities, 25 injuries An F2 tornado struck Málaga. The F2 tornado damaged 250-300 homes, 70 company buildings, and 400 vehicles. The tornado reached 215 km/h.
2009 Ilia tornado March 2009 Ilia, Greece 1 1 fatality, 30 injuries An F3 tornado travelled through the city center of Ilia for 2 km, killing 2 people.[citation needed]
2009 Krasnozavodsk tornado 3 June 2009 Krasnozavodsk, Russia 1 1 fatality, 185 injuries An F3 tornado struck the town of Krasnozavodsk, damaging 42 homes. A boy died when a tree fell on him.
2009 northern Italy outbreak 6 June 2009 Piemonte and Veneto, Italy 3 28 injuries An F0 tornado was reported near Vercelli, Piemonte in the afternoon. At the same time, a supercell produced a strong F3 tornado in Riese Pio X, in the village of Vallà, causing heavy damage, in some parts like an F3/F4 tornado. It travelled for 10.6 km and injured 28 people. The last tornado hit Valvasone, in Friuli, damaging some buildings, cars, trucks and woods, causing damage like an F2 tornado on a 10.5 km path.[citation needed]
2009 Stornoway tornado 29 July 2009 Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, Scotland 1 0 A possible F0/F1 tornado flipped cars, ripped slates and ironwork from houses, uprooted trees and smashed windows. A thrown car narrowly missed a fuel depot near the ferry terminal. Lightning cut electricity at around 10pm for half an hour.
2009 Nicosia tornado 19 September 2009 Nicosia, Cyprus 1 17+ injuries 10 homes with serious damage.[93]
2010 Chalkidiki tornado 12 February 2010 Northern Greece 1 0 F2 tornado.[94]
2010 White Monday outbreak 24 May 2010 Eastern Germany 4 confirmed 1 fatality, 38 injuries An F1, an F2 and an F2+ (possibly F3) caused massive destruction in the States of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg, with at least €250 million in damages and one fatality.[citation needed]
2010 Lichtenvoorde – Vragender – Winterswijk tornado 12 July 2010 Netherlands 1 6 injuries A tornado destroyed the church tower in Vragender and the Zwarte Cross Festival area in Lichtenvoorde. Damage was F2-3, uncertainty about nature of winds, some sources cite a strong derecho as cause of damage.[citation needed]
2010 Veneto tornado outbreak 23 July 2010 Veneto, Italy 3 1 fatality, some injuries 3 tornadoes hit near the cities of Venice, Padua and Vicenza; strong thunderstorms with downbursts in other places. A man was killed near Verona.[95][96]
2010 Hungary tornado outbreak 16 August 2010 Hungary 3 confirmed 0 3 tornadoes, 2 of them likely F2; the villages where tornadoes were reported were Diósjenő, Mezőkövesd and Felsőtárkány[citation needed]
2010 Germany tornado outbreak 22–30 August 2010 Germany 17 0 An F3 tornado in Lumda and an F2 tornado in Neppermin caused damages of about €5 million.[97][98]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 1 2 1 1 0 0
Portugal 7 December 2010 Portugal 1 0 fatalities, >40 injuries A long track, long-lived F3 tornado caused significant damage northeast of Lisbon.[99]
2011 northern Sweden tornado outbreak 4 June 2011 Northern Sweden ? At least 3 injuries Several tornadoes reported in the provinces of Ångermanland, Västerbotten, and Norrbotten in northern Sweden.[100][101]
2011 Lithuania tornado 27 July 2011 Northern Lithuania 1 confirmed 0 An F2 tornado formed near the town of Radviliškis, the strongest since 1981.[102]
2011 Sachsen – Anhalt tornadoes 11 September 2011 Germany 2 0 2 F1 tornadoes confirmed.[citation needed]
2011 England and Wales tornadoes 29 November 2011 England and Wales, UK 1 F0, 2 F1 tornadoes 1 injured One tornado in Greater Manchester, England, and another in Anglesey, Wales. Later that day, a F1 tornado struck north of Breighton.[citation needed]
2011 Vierlingsbeek/Overloon tornado 10 May 2012 Netherlands F0 No casualties reported Tornado (partly rainwrapped, probably multi-vortex) damage to property and crops.[citation needed]
2012 Venice tornado 12 June 2012 Veneto, Italy Likely an F2 tornado No casualties reported A tornado hit the eastern isles of Venice, notably Lido, Sant'Elena and Sant'Erasmo, and the nearby town of Treporti, with damage to houses, boats, cars/lorries and trees.[103][104][105]
2012 UK Midlands tornadoes 28 June 2012 United Kingdom 3+ EF2 At least 2 fatalities Three supercells affected England and Wales. Two of them formed over the Midlands, producing hailstones reported to be larger than golf balls, with conglomerate stones up to 10 cm across. Burbage in Leicestershire saw some of the most severe hail. At least three EF2 tornadoes were sighted, causing damage to houses, uprooting trees and flipping over vehicles; one in rural Derbyshire, another in rural Leicestershire, and another near Sleaford, in Lincolnshire.
2012 French tornadoes 7 July 2012 France 4 0 4 tornadoes reported in France, 2 of which were F0 and 2 of which were F1.[106]
2012 northern Poland tornado outbreak 14 July 2012 Poland 3 1 fatality, 10 injuries 3 tornadoes hit northern Poland.[107] Severe damages to houses and infrastructure. 400 ha of forests was destroyed. Two F3 tornadoes are confirmed.[108]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 1 0 2 0 0
2012 Gandia tornado 28 September 2012 Spain 1 35 injuries An F1 tornado hit a fairground and flattened a ferris wheel.[109]
2012 Algarve tornadoes 16 November 2012 Algarve in Portugal F2 tornado plus an F0 1 fatality, 13 injuries[110] Two tornadoes hit the coast of the Algarve about 10 km from one another. The strongest of the two hit Silves[111] and Lagoa and was classified by the Portuguese national weather service as F2.[112][113] The weakest, almost certainly an F0, hit Alvor.[114]
2012 Taranto tornado 27–29 November 2012 Italy Greece 6 1 fatality, 42 injuries A tornado struck Rosignano Marittimo on the 27th, causing F1 damage. On the 28th, a huge wedge F3 tornado struck Taranto, Statte and Crispiano with a path of 23 km, causing 1 fatality and 42 injuries, and serious damage to ILVA of Taranto.[115][116] On the 29th 4 tornadoes struck Greece, one of these causing F2 damage and the other like an F1.
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 4 1 1 0 0
2013 Emilia tornado outbreak 3 May 2013 Italy 3 13 injuries 3 tornadoes were reported. The first touched down near Modena and hit Castelfranco Emilia, causing F2-F3 damage. It travelled for 18.8 km. The second tornado hit the village of San Martino Spino, near Mirandola (the same region hit by the Emilia earthquakes of 2012), causing F2 damage and injuring 1. The last tornado hit Argelato, San Giorgio in Piano and Bentivoglio near Bologna, causing F3 damage on a 25 km path and injuring 12 people.[citation needed]
2013 Krnov tornado 18 June 2013 Krnov, Czech Republic 1 8 injuries F2 tornado[10]
2013 southern Europe outbreak 28–29 July 2013 France, Germany and Italy 6 15 injuries On the 28th, 2 tornadoes struck France and Germany; the first one injured 1 person and was classified as an F2. On the 29th, 4 tornadoes struck northern Italy, one of which caused strong F2 damage in Grezzago and Trezzo sull'Adda, with €15,000,000 in damages and 12 injuries.[citation needed]
2013 central Europe tornado outbreak 18–19 August 2013 Germany, Belgium, Netherlands and Norway 5 27 injuries Some F0 tornadoes over Belgium, 1 F1 in Norway and an F2 tornado in Germany on the 19th, which injured 27 people in a campsite.[citation needed]
2014 northern France outbreak 25 January 2014 United Kingdom, France and Belgium 12 3 injuries 10 F1 tornadoes and 1 F2 tornado were confirmed on that day across the United Kingdom (7), France (3) and Belgium (2). A strong F1 struck the town of Nuneaton, seriously damaging 5 houses, then an F2 tornado struck the cities of Reke, Halluin and Rekkem, with a path of 12.8 km, injuring 3 people and damaging several buildings.[citation needed]
2014 Nonantola tornado 30 April 2014 Italy 1 5 injuries 1 tornado was confirmed near Modena and two funnel clouds were reported, one of which probably touched the ground near Minerbio, the same region hit by the tornadoes of 2013. The tornado that hit Nonantola was likely an F2 that travelled for 14 km and injured 5 people in the industrial area.[citation needed]
2014 northern France tornado outbreak 10 August 2014 United Kingdom, France, Belgium, Netherlands and Germany 16 5 injuries 16 tornadoes struck France, United Kingdom, Belgium, Netherlands, and Germany. A long track tornado struck Achicourt in France, travelling 43 km, while 2 F2 tornadoes struck the Netherlands and Germany, causing serious damage. There were 5 injuries in total, 4 in Belgium and one in United Kingdom.[citation needed]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 6 8 2 0 0 0
2014 Kariyevo tornado 29 August 2014 Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia 1 2 fatalities, 76 injured A wedge F3 tornado struck Kariyevo and Janaul with a total path of 45 km. The storm killed 2 people and injured 76.[117][118]
2014 Catania tornado 5 November 2014 Sicily, Italy 2 0 A strong F1 tornado struck Ognina (northern area of Catania), causing severe damage. Another strong F1 tornado struck the centre of Acireale approximately one hour later.[citation needed]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 2 0 0 0 0
2014 Apulia tornado outbreak 12 November 2014 Apulia, Italy 4 0 A small tornado outbreak struck the Apulia region. One F2 tornado struck Monacizzo, causing major damage. 2 other F1 tornadoes struck Carosino and Ginosa Marina, while an F0 waterspout struck Gallipoli.[citation needed]
2015 northern Germany tornado outbreak 5 May 2015 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany 7 1 fatality, at least 30 injured Several tornadoes struck northern Germany, 1 of them was an F3 tornado that struck Bützow, causing severe damage. Severe wind gusts were recorded across the Netherlands and northern Germany, killing 1 person in Hamburg.[119]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 3 1 1 0 0
2015 central Germany tornado outbreak 12 May 2015 Hesse, Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany at least 3 0 Several tornadoes were confirmed, which caused minor damage in the municipality of Nohra.[119]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 2 1 0 0 0
2015 southern Germany tornado outbreak 13 May 2015 Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg, Germany 4 at least 11 injured Just one week after the major tornado outbreak in northern Germany, another 3 tornadoes were confirmed, one of which caused F3 damage in Affing and Aichach on a 30 km long destructive path.[120] Another F3 tornado struck down in the Black Forest region, causing major damage on a 35 km long and up to 300m wide path.[121] Another F2 tornado was confirmed in France.
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 1 1 2 0 0
2015 Ohausen bei Freystadt tornado 29 May 2015 Oberfranken, Bavaria, Germany 1 0 One F1 tornado which caused severe damage to buildings.[122][123]
2015 Riviera del Brenta tornado 8 July 2015 Veneto, Italy 1 1 fatality, 72 injured One F4[124] tornado struck a small area among the towns of Pianiga, Dolo and Mira, with heavy damage and several casualties; the area is inside the well-known Riviera del Brenta, famous for its villas and channels. About 500 buildings were badly damaged or destroyed,[125] among them the Villa Fini from the 17th century, which was razed to the ground.[126][127][128][129]
2015 North Holland tornado outbreak 24 August 2015 The Netherlands 2 0 A supercell formed above Belgium going north passing Amsterdam, where an F0 crossed streets where people were shopping, later on, around Hoorn, 3 funnel clouds were reported. After another 25 km, a tornado formed above farmland, destroying a farm with F4 damage; no animals or humans were injured.[citation needed]
2015 Sonnac tornado 16 September 2015 Sonnac, France 5 1 injured A long track F2 tornado struck many villages in France on a 70,2 km path. In Sonnac, some houses were badly damaged. On the same day, 4 other tornadoes struck in Belgium and Luxembourg, where a person was injured.[citation needed]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 3 2 0 0 0
2015 Athens tornado outbreak 22 October 2015 Athens, Greece 4 5 injuries A severe and violent storm hit Athens, Greece, causing 4 tornadoes. A big large EF1 tornado touched down near Tourkovounia, in the heart of Attica, passed over the northern parts of Athens (Marousi, Psyhiko), causing damages and injuring a few people for 20 minutes. Afterwards, a second tornado touched down in Parnitha, in the western part of Athens and another 2 in the southern part.
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 2 2 0 0 0 0
2016 Russia tornado outbreak 14 May 2016 Rostov Oblast, Stavropol Oblast and Volgograd OblastRussia 8 5 injuries A long track F3 tornado struck many villages in Rostov Oblast on a 56 km path, injuring 5 people. Other tornadoes were reported, but most of them remained on an open field.[citation needed]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 4 2 1 1 0 0
2016 Syktvykar tornado 24 August 2016 Russia 1 0 One F1 tornado over Syktyvkar. Some industrial zones were damaged. No fatalities or injured people.[citation needed]
Eastern Liguria major downburst event 14 October 2016 Italy 1 0 Major downburst event that occurred on 14 October 2016 over eastern Liguria in Italy. This downburst affected an area that was 30 km long and 10 km wide, producing observed wind gusts of 40 m/s, with major impacts to railways, trees, and houses, with more than 2.5 million euros in damages.[130]
The Netherlands tornado outbreak 18 October 2016 The Netherlands 4 0 A cold front came from England passing the Netherlands in the morning. An F2 tornado destroyed an old windmill in Oostzaan and caused some damage in Zaandam and at an Avia gas station. An F1 destroyed multiple houses and greenhouses in Winkel. Barneveld was hit by another F1 tornado, crossing mostly farmland and some trees. A F0 was on the ground for 600 meters, 2 km west of the Oostzaan tornado on farm land, but quickly disappeared before hitting a farm.[citation needed]
2016 Rome tornado 6 November 2016 Italy 1 2 fatalities One F2 wedge tornado over Ladispoli and Cesano travelled for 41 km north of Rome, with damage in the 2 cities and in the countryside. 2 people were killed by the storm and 20 others were injured. The tornado may have even strengthened to F3.[citation needed]
2017 Székesfehérvár tornado 15 May 2017 Hungary 1 0 One F0 tornado, lasting about 20 minutes.[citation needed]
Early-June 2017 Ural tornado outbreak 3 June 2017 Russia 28 0 On June 3, an unusual outbreak of tornadoes affected the Ural region of Russia, which is typically not prone to tornado activity. Most of the tornadoes only caused tree damage in this sparsely-populated and heavily forested area, though the town of Staroutkinsk sustained a direct hit from an F2 tornado, where dozens of homes were significantly damaged and numerous trees were snapped in forests outside of town. The strongest tornado of the outbreak was a large F3 wedge tornado that passed near Visim, flattening a massive swath of trees in a convergent pattern. Numerous weak also caused tree damage in other unpopulated wooded areas. A total of 28 tornadoes were confirmed as a result of this outbreak, none of which caused any injuries or fatalities.[131]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 8 17 2 1 0 0
Mid-June 2017 Ural tornado outbreak 18 June 2017 Russia 16 1 fatality, 14 injuries On June 18, the Ural region of Russia was affected by a significant tornado outbreak for the second time in one month. Two separate F2 tornadoes moved through dense forest near Novotroitskoye and Zavodoukovsk, snapping or uprooted numerous trees along their paths. Another large, multiple-vortex F2 tornado downed numerous trees and damaged multiple homes in the Baksary area as well. The most intense tornado of the outbreak was a violent F4 that struck the rural community of Maloye Pes'yanovo, where several homes sustained major damage, four well-built log homes were completely leveled, and several others were injured. Vehicles were damaged, and numerous trees were snapped or denuded along the path, some of which sustained severe debarking. The Maloye Pes'yanovo tornado was the first confirmed violent (F4+) tornado in Russia since 1984. Multiple other weak tornadoes were confirmed across the Ural region and other areas of Russia, including a tornado of unknown intensity that struck Tsentral'noye, where trees were snapped and homes sustained roof damage. A total of 16 tornadoes were confirmed.[131][132]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
4 4 4 3 0 1 0
2017 Vienna tornado 10 July 2017 Vienna, Austria 1 0 One F1 stovepipe tornado formed on a severe isolated supercell near Vienna. The storm was accompanied by fist-sized hailstones that damaged huge swaths of agricultural land, causing a total damage of 15 million euros. This is the second highest damage in a storm in Austria. No injuries or fatalities.
2017 Bohuslavice tornado 11 August 2017 Bohuslavice, Czech Republic 1 0 F2-F3 tornado, no injuries or fatalities.[10][133]
2018 western France tornado outbreak 1 January 2018 France 4 0 4 tornadoes were reported in the western regions of France. The first tornado touched down near Bouin, in the Pays de la Loire region, causing F2 damage.[134][135] Second weak and brief F0 tornado hit Saint-Paul-Mont-Penit, region Pays de la Loire.[136] A third F1 tornado, with a path of damage of more than 5 km, hit the Macau area, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.[137][138] And The last F2 tornado hit Aize, region Centre-Val de Loire[139]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 1 1 2 0 0 0
2018 Klatovy tornado 10 May 2018 Klatovy, Czech Republic 1 0 A small F0 tornado formed near the town of Klatovy, Czech Republic. Only minor damage on one farm. No injuries or fatalities.
2018 Viersen tornado 16 May 2018 Viersen, Germany 1 2 injuries An F2 tornado struck Viersen-Boisheim, Germany, damaging the roofs of several houses and felling trees on its way through a forest.[140]
2018 Southern Italy tornado outbreaks 20–25 November 2018 southern Italy 10 4 injuries Two different outbreaks; the first produced three tornadoes, an F2 around Cutro, in the Calabria region, that destroyed several stone farm buildings, an F1 around Taurisano, in Apulia, and a large waterspout that made landfall on Salerno on the 20th. After a weak F0 touched down in Aquileia in northern Italy on the 24th, a larger outbreak struck southern Italy on the 25th. Six tornadoes struck again in Calabria and Apulia, with three F1s around Cropani, Cutro and Rocca di Neto, as well as an F2 around Crotone, all in the Calabria region, that caused very severe damage to industrial structures, and a long tracked F2 that struck far southeastern Apulia together with a brief F0 around San Pancrazio Salentino.
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 3 4 3 0 0 0
2019 Roetgen tornado 13 March 2019 Roetgen, Germany 1 5 injuries An F3 tornado struck Roetgen, Germany. Several homes suffered major roof damage and damage was also noted in a nearby forest.[141][142]

The path of this tornado was up to 630 m (2,070 ft) wide and 15 km long,

2019 Călăraşi tornado 30 April 2019 Călăraşi, Romania 1 12 injuries An F2 tornado damaged 16 buildings. Strong winds overturned a passenger bus, injuring 12.[143]
2019 southern Poland tornado outbreak 20–22 May 2019 Poland and Germany 13 2 injuries Small tornado outbreak that mainly struck southern Poland. In Germany, 2 tornadoes were reported, one in Saxony, near Dresden, and one in Bavaria. On the 21st, 8 tornadoes touched down in Poland, one of them reaching F2 intensity, just west of Lublin. Another 2 tornadoes touched down in the countryside near Radom. On the 22nd, a brief landspout tornado struck the countryside north of Poznan. 2 people were killed by flash floods or floods caused by heavy rain, one in Ukraine and one in Germany. A lightning strike injured 2 in Germany.
2019 Debrecen tornado 29 May 2019 Debrecen, Hungary 1 0 A small tornado touched down in the outskirts of Debrecen next to the airport. Possibly an F1.[144]
2019 Åbenrå tornado 14 June 2019 Åbenrå, Denmark 2 0 Two tornadoes touched down near the Danish and German border. 1 high-end F1 tornado touched down in Kruså. Trees were downed and a garage collapsed. In åbenrå, An F2 tornado flipped vehicles on the hospital's parking lot. Officially rated High-End F0, but was upgraded to a Low-End F2/T4 by the ESWD based on vehicle damage.[145][146][147][148]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 1 1 0 0 0
2019 Eastern Europe tornado outbreak 10 July 2019 Italy, Poland, Russia 10 0, 3 injured A tornado outbreak which mainly affected Italy produced several tornadoes. An F1 tornado hit Milano Marittima, downing trees, some of which landed on buildings and cars. 3 people were injured. An F0 Tornado hit Torre a Mare. A boat was picked up and thrown. In Poland, a high-end F0 tornado damaged a forest near Zofiówka in Poland. An unrated but strong tornado hit Kushva in Russia. Roofs were destroyed and thrown. Trees were uprooted og snapped.[149][150][151][152] in addition, A severe windstorm claimed several lives in Greece.[153]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
5 4 1 0 0 0 0
2019 Germany tornado outbreak 12 July 2019 Hesse, Brandenburg, Rhineland 3 1 injured An F1 hit Naunheim and caused damage on a 0.9 km long and 30m wide path. Later that day, another F1 hit Bobenheim, causing major damage and injuring at least one person on its 4.5 km long and up to 150 m wide path. Another tornado touched down in Wuschewier and caused no known damage. All tornadoes were recorded and photographed.[154][155][156][157]
2019 Luxembourg/Netherlands outbreak 9 August 2019 Luxembourg, Netherlands 3 19 injuries An F2 hit the municipalities of Bascharage, Pétange, and the surrounding areas at 17:30. Amsterdam was hit by an F1. ESWD mentions that it produced another F1 tornado in the Netherlands.[158][159]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 2 1 0 0 0
2019 Germany tornado outbreak 28–29 September 2019 Lower Saxony & Schleswig Holstein 4 0 Tornadoes recorded and / or photographed in Dagebüll (F0), Herrenkoog (FU), Burhafe (FU) & Beesten (F1).[160][161][162][163][164]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
2 1 1 0 0 0 0
2020 Northern Zealand Outbreak 2 May 2020 Denmark 4 0 A small outbreak produced several confirmed tornadoes across the northeastern part of Denmark. No damage was reported.[165][166]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 4 0 0 0 0 0
2020 Kaniów tornado 7 June 2020 Kaniów, Silesia 1 0 A tornado hit the village of Kaniów, damaging 23 homes.[167]
2020 Sakiai tornado 8 June 2020 Sakiai, Lithuania 1 0 A possible F2 tornado passed over the plains and forests of Sakiai.
2020 Makeyevka tornado 13 June 2020 Makeyevka, Russia 1 0 A small but damaging tornado in the Russian town of Makeyevka. A few buildings were damaged.
2020 Ustronie Morskie tornado 10 July 2020 Ustronie Morskie, West Pomeranian Voivodeship 1 6 injured The tornado hit several summer houses, injuring six people, including one child. In total, 8 homes were damaged.[168]
2020 Moscow Oblast tornado 15 July 2020 Dora, Lotoshino, Russia 1 0 On the afternoon of 15 July, a tornado occurred near the village of Dora, which is part of the village of Lotoshino near Moscow. The tornado passed at a distance from the settlement; no one was injured. It lasted about five minutes.[169]
2020 Northampton tornado 25 July 2020 Northampton, United Kingdom 1 0 An F1 tornado damaged multiple roofs, took down electricity cables and flipped trampolines.
2020 north and central Italy tornado outbreak 29–30 August 2020 Veneto, Lazio and Liguria, Italy 4 2 injuries Strong storms struck north and central Italy, producing 4 tornadoes, one F1 in the countryside south of Verona, one F0 in Genoa, another F0 outside Maniago and one strong F2 on 30 August that struck north of Viterbo, damaging some houses, trees, power lines and slightly injuring 2 people.

A severe downburst struck areas in northern Italy, damaging crops and entire cities, and causing severe damage and some injuries.

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 2 1 1 0 0 0
Subtropical Storm Alpha tornado outbreak 18 September 2020 Portugal 2 0 Supercellular thunderstorms produced by the associated low of Subtropical Storm Alpha moved across Portugal, spawning two confirmed tornadoes in Beja and Palmela.[170][171] Both caused minor to moderate damage, and were rated F1.[172]
2020 European tornado & waterspout outbreak 22–27 September 2020 Denmark, France, Italy, Ukraine, Belgium, Croatia, United Kingdom, Greece, Russia 82 13 injuries Long lasting large & widespread outbreak. 82 tornado reports reported to ESWD during this outbreak: 3 strongest were F2 rated. A high-end F2/T5 tornado struck Velyka Oleksandrivka in Ukraine, injuring 1 person. More than 300 roofs were damaged, some entirely blown off. Trees saw partial debarking & homes saw loss of walls. An F2 tornado hit Rosignano Marittimo in Italy. Roofs were severely damaged or destroyed. 8 were injured. 1 person was injured by a large F1 tornado that started as a waterspout and hit land in Salerno, Italy. 2 schools were damaged in Albertslund, Denmark, associated with a high-end F1 tornado. Well constructed roofs saw severe roof tile loss, and a roof of a small home was ripped off. Trees with a low height to depth ratio were snapped or lost large branches. All the students were offered crisis assistance/help to combat the traumas that may have occurred. In Le Havre, France, a waterspout hit land and damaged 60 beach huts and some restaurants. A long track F1 tornado caused crop damage along a 28 km long path near Tavriyske in Ukraine. 1 person was injured by an F1 tornado in Greece. An F1 tornado caused severe forest damage near Kotlas in Russia, along a 9.1 km long and 220 meter wide path. In Port-des-Barques, a long track F2 waterspout hit land, caused significant damage to roofs, injuring 2 people. Across its 28.5 km long and 150 meter wide path, vehicles were moved or overturned, including a caravan. Trees were uprooted or snapped, some broken in half. Roofs were damaged, some badly damaged. Another F0 tornado touched down in Marennes, causing crop damage & damaging roofs.[173][174][175][176][177][178][179][180][181][182][183][184][185][186][187][188][189][190][191][192][193][194][195][196]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
60 7 12 3 0 0 0
2020 Athens tornado 15 October 2020 North Athens, Greece 1 3 injuries A dangerous F2 tornado touched down in the neighbourhood of Neo Irakleio, north of Athens, on the night of October 15, 2020, injuring 3 and causing serious damage. Also, the tornado lifted up a dog and threw him onto the opposite balcony. Fortunately, the dog survived. This tornado has been considered very dangerous because no one could see it in total darkness. Only a few cameras recorded the tornado that struck Neo Irakleio. Witnesses said there was a second tornado that night.
2021 Varhaňovce tornado 22 April 2021 Varhaňovce, Slovakia 1 0 The occurrence of a tornado was also confirmed by the Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute (SHMÚ).
2021 Rewa tornado 25 April 2021 Rewa, Pomeranian Voivodeship 1 0 A waterspout touched down in the Bay of Puck near Rewa, between Gdynia and Puck.
2021 Tereszpol-Zygmunty tornado 2 May 2021 Tereszpol-Zygmunty, Lublin Voivodeship 1 0 An F2 tornado damaged several roofs. Winds also damaged several buildings in the village of Wólka Wieprzycka in Zamość County.
2021 Orosháza tornado 17 May 2021 Orosháza, Békés County, Hungary 1 0 Several roofs were damaged and several trees were knocked down.
2021 Eger tornado 20 May 2021 Eger, Heves County, Hungary 1 0 Several roofs were damaged.
2021 Northern Zealand tornadoes 21 May 2021 North Zealand 2 0 2 tornadoes confirmed across Northern Zealand in Denmark. An F0 struck Ølstykke (Ølstykke-Stenløse), damaging a conservatory and tossing a trampoline onto a garage roof. Another F0 tornado appeared near Frederikssund.[197][198]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 2 0 0 0 0 0
2021 France - Belgium tornado outbreak 19–20 June 2021 Belgium, France, Germany, Moldova 13 17 injuries An outbreak extending from June 19 to June 20 hit Europe. A long tracking cyclic supercell produced multiple tornadoes in France. The outbreak started off in France, with a tornado that may have been of F1 - F2 intensity in Saint-Nicolas-de-Bourgueil. Here the roof of a church was ripped off. About 3 hours later, a tornado was reported near Neuvy-en-Beauce. The same supercell then produced an F0 tornado near Étampes, observed by storm spotters. A storm spotter also reported a tornado near La Ferté-Gaucher. Reims was hit by an F1 tornado that damaged a forest and more than 40 homes in the suburbs. In Belgium, multiple tornadoes were confirmed. A high-end F2 tornado damaged several roofs in Beauraing. Around 90 houses were damaged, of which 10 were declared uninhabitable. A sports hall collapsed. Roofs were ripped off of homes. A church lost a large portion of its roof. 17 people sustained minor injuries while on a terrace that collapsed. The tornado traveled 26 kilometers and was up to 500 meters wide. A tornado of F1 or F2 intensity struck Olne. The roof of a school was ripped off and other buildings were damaged. Another tornado of F2 intensity (T4) was reported near Bras. An F2 tornado damaged homes in Laloux. A church was unroofed. In Sorinne-la-Longue, an F1 tornado traveled 3 kilometers, destroying farm crops. The day after, a high-end F1 tornado severely damaged roofs and cars in Sundern, Germany. An F1 tornado was confirmed in Chetrosu, Moldova, causing damage to roofs. Another tornado was reported in France.[199][200][201][202][203][204][205][206][207][208][209][210][211]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
3 1 6 3 0 0 0
2021 South Moravia tornado 24 June 2021 Czech Republic, Germany, France, Poland, Russia 8 6 fatalities, 301+ injuries A rare multiple-vortex F4 tornado tore through several villages in the South Moravian region of the Czech Republic. The village of Hrušky was hit hard, with half of the village leveled to the ground. In Hodonín, the tornado severely damaged a zoo and a retirement home.[212] In nearby Bohemia, the town of Stebno was hit by what was thought to be an F1 tornado, but was later confirmed to be a downburst, and in Poland, an F2 caused damage in Koniuszowa, injuring 1. Another F1 touched down in Boronów and a third touched down in Wrzelów. Other tornadoes were recorded in France and Germany, but caused no damage. A tornadic waterspout was also confirmed over Lake Peipus in Russia, causing no damage.[213][166][214][215]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
3 0 3 1 0 1 0
2021 United Kingdom tornado outbreak 25 June 2021 United Kingdom, Germany 3 0 Multiple tornadoes reported across Europe. 1 strong F1 tornado struck Barking in the United Kingdom, damaging buildings, uprooting trees, and downing brick walls. Another was reported near Opperhausen, Germany. Another tornado touched down near the German town of Kaspeltshub.[216][217][218]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
2 0 1 0 0 0 0
2021 Bernistap tornado 27 June 2021 Belgium/Luxembourg 1 unknown F3 tornado observed near the Belgium-Luxembourg border. Homes severely damaged & cows were killed.[219][220][221]
2021 Germany tornado outbreak 29 June 2021 Germany 2 0 In Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, an F1 touched down in Schmachthagen, causing tree damage. This was a narrow tornado at 10 meters, but it traveled 3.3 km. In Brandenburg, another F1 tornado touched down in Wensickendorf, downing trees and damaging buildings. In a forest, trees were also downed and twisted; one tree landed on a car. The tornado also hit an animal sanctuary, causing minor to moderate damage.[222][223][224]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 2 0 0 0 0
2021 Odder Kommune tornadoes 2 July 2021 Odder Kommune, Køge Kommune 2 0 2 tornadoes confirmed across Denmark. 1 touched down near Odder and another near Bjæverskov. In addition, the storms caused flooding.[225]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 2 0 0 0 0 0
2021 Baltic Sea waterspout outbreak 19–20 July 2021 Baltic Sea 25 0 Large waterspout outbreak across the Baltic Sea in a span of 2 days, producing 25 known reports. ESWD mentions that 1 waterspout appeared outside Alytus in Lithuania, 1 outside Klaipėda in Lithuania, while outside Jastarnia, Władysławowo and Chałupy in Poland, 6 waterspouts were photographed and filmed. Just outside Jantar, 2 waterspouts were photographed. North of Lubiatowo, another waterspout was reported, and 2 others outside Białogóra and Łeba. Two waterspouts were also reported outside Norrtälje in Sweden. One was also reported in Russia. On the 20th, a storm spotter reported a waterspout outside Unieście in Poland. 5 waterspouts were reported in Estonia, and 2 were reported in Germany. A brief landspout was also reported near Żory in Poland. In addition, large hailstones of 10 cm were reported in Serbia.
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
25 0 0 0 0 0 0
2021 widespread tornado and waterspout outbreak 2 August 2021 Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Belarus, France 13+ 4 fatalities, 10 injuries An outbreak that has produced at least 13 tornado reports was reported to ESWD, 7 of which were waterspouts. A waterspout was reported outside Premantura, Croatia, with two reported in Estonia and Poland. Two more waterspouts were also reported outside Saulkrasti, Latvia. Waterspouts were also confirmed in France and Lithuania. In Russia, an F3 struck Andreapol, destroying roofs and badly damaging buildings. Extensive tree damage was also observed, with debris wrapped around trees. At least 3 people were killed and 6 injured as a result of this tornado. Another tornado of at least F1 - F2 intensity struck Rogozha, killing 1 and injuring 4 others. Imagery shows severely damaged roofs, among snapped trees, one of which landed on a parked car. An F1 also struck Kartun. Two other tornadoes touched down in Belarus, one of which downed trees with at least F1 - F2 intensity. The other tornado caused F1 damage to buildings and trees.[166][226][227][228][229]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
8 0 4+ 0 1 0 0
2021 Slovakia-Poland tornado outbreak 5 August 2021 Slovakia, Poland, Italy 6 0 In Poland, an F0 - F1 tornado caused damage in Rzeszów. Some debris lifted by the tornado (probably large tree branches) was filmed. At least two trees were downed on a bicycle path; other downed trees in this area were spotted. Another F1 tornado was reported near Józefów. At least several roofs were damaged, with one roof completely torn off. Downed trees were also reported. Another tornado was reported near Ujazd Dolny. An F2 also damaged several homes, uprooting a couple of trees near Petkovce in Slovakia. Some homes had their roof torn off. In Italy, two twin waterspouts hit land. [1][230][231][232]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
3 1 1 1 0 0 0
2021 Northern Europe tornado outbreak 15 - 16 August 2021 Denmark, Germany, Russia, Spain 9 0 An outbreak struck across Europe, with Northern Europe being hit the hardest. The outbreak began with a waterspout that hit Gelendzhik, Russia. No damage is known. About 25 minutes later, an F1 tornadic waterspout hit the port area of Oliva, Spain, flipping boats and overturning a 75 kg catamaran. A line of supercells then developed over Germany, producing a large tornadic waterspout outside Maasholm, near the Danish/German sea border. A second waterspout also developed near Laboe. About 20 minutes later, at 22:09 CEST, a tornado remained over open fields north of Maribo, Denmark. At around 23:35 CEST, a high-end F1/T3 tornado struck Neble [dk] and Lendemarke [dk]. Trees were uprooted or snapped, 3 buildings, including an outbuilding, lost their roof, walls were damaged and heavy objects were thrown. The tornado travelled 3 km with a max width up to 150 meters. The day after, an F0 tornado hit near Næsby. In Germany, an F1 tornado started as a waterspout and moved ashore, destroying beach chairs and decks and damaging trees. The same supercell then produced a high-end F2 tornado that hit Berumerfehn. Homes saw roof loss or severe damage, and a camper was overturned. Trees were severely damaged or partly debranched with debris wrapped around. More than 50 homes were damaged, and more than 100 trees were damaged.[233][234][235][236][237][238][239][240][241][242]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
4 1 3 1 0 0 0
2021 Pantelleria tornado 10 September 2021 Italy 5 2 fatalities, 9 injuries 5 tornadoes were reported to ESWD. A high-end F2 tornadic waterspout damaged several roofs, and several trees and cars were knocked down in Pantelleria. Another 3 waterspouts were reported in Italy that day. A tornado was also reported near Leerdam, the Netherlands.[243][244][245][246][247]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
4 0 0 1 0 0 0
September 2021 north Italy tornado outbreak 19 September 2021 Italy 11 0 A series of thunderstorms produced several tornadoes in the Lombardia and Emilia Romagna regions of Italy. The tornadoes hit the towns of Roncaro, Marzano, Corte Palasio, Settimo Milanese, Soresina, Pontevico, Carpenedolo and Carpi, causing heavy damage such as collapsed farm buildings, damaged roofs and downed or snapped trees. In addition, three waterspouts were reported outside livorno, and another near Lignano Sabbiadoro.
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
4 1 2 4 0 0 0
2021 Po Delta tornadoes 6 October 2021 Italy 24 0 A multicellular storm complex resulted in flooding and 12 tornadoes in areas south and west of Venice. Two of the tornadoes were waterspouts that remained over the water, but the other 10 developed and tracked over land. Only five of them were rated, with one causing F2 damage to buildings in the town of Rosolina. 12 more waterspouts occurred around the Italian coastlines with no additional landfalls.
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
19 1 3 1 0 0 0
Storm Aurore tornado outbreak October 20–21, 2021 France, Germany, Netherlands, Denmark, United Kingdom 9 11 injuries Two tornadoes touched down in the Netherlands, one of which were rated F1 and injured 4 people in Barendrecht. Several roofs were damaged, some roof tiles flew through windows. Cars were moved and trees were uprooted, on of which landed on a car. An F0 tornado caused damage in Ferring, UK. Large branches were broken off trees and fences were blown over. Furniture were carried distances. 1 F1/T2 tornado was reported in the town of Kiel, Germany. Roofs were damaged & a trampoline were carried 100 meters, and 7 people were injured. another tornado was reported in elten. An F1 tornado north of Ornebjerg in Denmark overturned a caravan & damaged trees. 2 tornadoes reported in France, one of which had no rating but may be in the F0 - F1 range, trees uprooted. A waterspout was also reported in Turkey[248][249][250][251][252][253][254][255][256][257]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
4 2 3 0 0 0 0
2021 Sicily tornado outbreak 16–18 November 2021 Italy 18 1 fatality, 2 injuries Starting on the 16th of November an outbreak of tornadoes and waterspouts affected Sicily. On the 16th eight tornadoes hit the island causing F0 and F1 damage to trees, farms and port buildings with only two causing no known damage. After dawn on the 17th two strong tornadoes hit Comiso and eastern Modica. Both were rated F2, with the Modica tornado more towards the higher end of the F2 level. In Comiso multiple industrial buildings were severely damaged while in Modica one person was killed and a couple was injured; the Modica tornado bent a steel power truss and severely damaged several stone farm buildings and homes. On the 18th a last, unrated tornado occurred near Caltabellotta. 6 more waterspouts occurred and remained over the sea, along with a seventh one in Sardinia.
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
10 4 2 2 0 0 0
2022 Ballyduff tornado 7 January 2022 Ireland, UK 2 0 A high-end F0 tornado hit Ballyduff. Roof tiles were ripped of and a car was damaged by debris. A waterspout was also reported in the UK.[258]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
1 1 0 0 0 0 0
2022 Croatia tornado outbreak 7 February 2022 Benkovac, Mravince 3 0 An F1 tornado struck Benkovac, causing damage to 36 homes. Cars were damaged by flying debris. A caravan was destroyed & blown over a distance of 100 meters. ESWD mentions that another brief F0 tornado was observed near Mravince, causing minor damage, while a waterspout was reported in Italy.[259][260][261]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
1 1 1 0 0 0 0
Storm Dudley tornado outbreak 17 February 2022 Germany, Poland, Italy 20 2 Fatalities, 5 injuries A Rainband with embedded thunderstorms, associated with storm dudley went through central Europe during night time, producing widespread severe wind damage & at least 20 tornadoes in Germany and Poland, with 1 tornado produced by a different weather system in Italy. The first tornado of the day hit the village of Casekow in eastern Germany. Strong damage was done to a big farm building and a small forest area. Some residential buildings were also hit.[262][263] An F1 tornado caused moderate damage in Skwierzyna. Multiple roofs were damaged, including a roof of an outhouse that was ripped off. Trees were downed & debris was impaled into a concrete building. Further into Poland, buildings got heavily by several F2 tornadoes. Near Sucharzewo, an F2 tornado caused significant damage. A farm saw roof damage, while a cowshed with bulls inside was destroyed, killing a bull. A forest was severely damaged with uprooted, snapped or twisted trees. Buildings in Sucharzewo saw extensive roof damage, some entirely destroyed, here under a gas station. In Sośnica near Dobrzyca several well-built residential buildings were significantly damaged, resulting in a high-end F2 rating. In Kraków, a brief tornado toppled a construction crane, killing the operator and another construction worker. At least 5 were injured during the outbreak.[264][265][266][267][268]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
4 0 4 12 0 0 0
2022 Çandır, Serik Tornado 2 March 2022 Çandır 1 0 The ESWD mentions a F1 Tornado reported in Çandır, Turkey.[269][270][271]
2022 Italy tornado outbreak 1–3 April 2022 Italy, Croatia 6 0 Outbreak of waterspouts and tornadoes hit parts of Italy and Croatia.[272]
2022 Ceuta waterspout 5 April 2022 Ceuta, Spain 1 0 A waterspout was spotted off the coast of Ceuta, Spain.[273][274]
2022 Pennal tornado 6 April 2022 Gwynedd, Wales 1 0 A tornado was confirmed in the town of Pennal, Wales, at least 93 mph winds were recorded, and over £100,000 damage was caused by the tornado. A farmer described how the tornado 'lifted' lambs and ewes into the air, killing an ewe.[275][276][277][278][279][280]
2022 Kandel tornado 26 April 2022 Kandel, Germany 1 1 injury According to the ESWD, a tornado hit Kandel in Germany. Field covers whirled through the air, some of which impacted a power line, resulting in a power outage in parts of the town. A cyclist sustained minor injuries after the tornado hit her and knocked her bike over. The bicycle trailer was lifted and thrown onto the opposite lane.[281][282]
2022 May western Russia tornadoes 11–12 May 2022 Russia, Ukraine 4 0 On 11 May, a waterspout was confirmed off the coast of Novomikhaylovsky, Russia. Next day, a QLCS tornado was seen in Fatezh. A high-end F1 tornado in Luzhitsy damaged roofs, outbuildings and downed trees. A tornado was also reported in Martussivka, Ukraine.[283][284][285]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
3 0 1 0 0 0 0
2022 landspout and tornado outbreak 16–17 May 2022 Russia, United Kingdom, Germany, Czech Republic 7 0 Widespread landspouts and tornadoes struck the continent. On may 16, Two landspouts was observed in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia & a tornado was observed near Dallowgill in the uk. A weak F0 tornado damaged several roofs and uprooted a tree in Bekovo, Russia On may 17, another landspout was observed near Staryy Tokmak, Russia. A brief tornado was reported near Borna in Germany and brief multiple-vortex tornado caused no damage near Borek in Czech republic.[286][287][288][289]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
5 2 0 0 0 0 0
2022 Germany tornado outbreak 20 May 2022 Germany, Netherlands, Russia 8+ 0, 46+ injured In the Netherlands, a tornado struck Beek, damaging roofs. Some roofs were severely damaged. In Germany, One Supercell produced at least 3 tornadoes. A Large wedge tornado struck Lippstadt, leaving severe damage to roofs and trees. Second Damaging tornado struck Paderborn, Germany, injuring 38 people, 13 of which are in serious conditions. Considerable damage occurred with this tornado along its 21.5 km long path. Third tornado struck Lütmarsen, uprooting dozens of trees and damaging roofs. An F1 tornado struck Herford, causing roof damage. A second F1 tornado near Merxhausen damaged several roofs. Another partly rain-wrapped tornado was observed near Hillscheid. In Russia, a brief F0 tornado caused roof damage in Ilovlya[290][291][292][293][294][295][296][297][298]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
5 1 2 0 0 0 0
June 2022 widespread tornado outbreak 1 June 2022 Turkey, Germany, Denmark, Poland, Netherlands 7+ 0 A waterspout struck Hoorn in the Netherlands, 15 minutes later, a large funnel cloud in Dziećmarów, Poland was reported to have contact with the ground. A long stretching funnel cloud was observed an hour later in Tåstrup, Denmark. Several more tornadoes and waterspouts struck Germany and Denmark including a tornado in Glauburg. And finally at 15:03, a F0 tornado damage greenhouses and farms in İmişehir, Turkey.[299][300][301]
2022 Zierikzee tornado 27 June 2022 Zierikzee, Netherlands 1 1 Dead, 7 injured a tornado over water made landfall and caused damage to Zierikzee, the roof of a block of houses (which were being renovated) was blown off. Several other roofs were damaged (roof tiles blown off). The gable of a house collapsed. A towed trailer was overturned. A woman was killed as she was hit by a roof tile, 7 people sustained injuries.[302][303][304][305][306][307][308][309]
2022 Baltic Sea widespread waterspout and tornado outbreak 4–19 July 2022 Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia 42 0 Outbreak from the ESWD, at least 20 waterspouts in Estonia, including a strong F1 wedge tornado in Paali.[310][311][312][313][314][315][316][317][318][319][320][321][322][323][324][325][326][327][328][329][330][331][332][333][334]
July 2022 Italy tornado outbreak 26–30 July 2022 Italy 7 1 injury At least 7 tornadoes and waterspouts spotted across all of Italy. On 26 July, 3 tornadoes one in Liguria, one in Lombardia, and one in Friuli-Venezia Giulia that injured a woman as she closed windows. From the 28 - 30 4 more tornadoes occurred across Italy.[335][336][337][338][339][340][341][342][343][344]
2022 British Isles tornadoes 6 September 2022 Scotland, England 3 None On the morning of September 5, TORRO issued a rare tornado watch for portions of Ireland and the United Kingdom.[345] On September 6, at least two tornadoes touched down across the United Kingdom and one tornado touched down in Ireland. An F1/T3 tornado between Yaverland and Bembridge blew off the roof of an outbuilding, causing high-F1 to low F2 level damage. This tornado was filmed and viewed by numerous people, but the European Severe Storms Laboratory (ESSL) noted this event may have been two tornadoes. An unrated tornado was observed at Bonnyrigg, just outside Edinburgh. Minor damage reported and no injuries occurred from either tornadoes.[346][347][348][349][350][351] An F1 tornado wa also seen at Killag, Ireland, causing damage to a roof and a chimney, Large tre e branches were broken, Trees uprooted or snapped

Some roof sheats of a house were blown off, metal sheats were blown of a barn. The roof of the barn was partly lifted off its structure. Wooden pallets were blown away (150 meters away and 1 on top of a roof); also some uprooted trees and broken branches were reported[352]

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
1 0 2 0 0 0 0
2022 September Outbreak 15 - 17 September 2022 Italy, Germany, Czech Republic, Denmark, Sweden 19 None At about 7:55am local time, a tornado was reported in Kullavik, Sweden, no damage occurred.[353][354][355][356] Later that day, an F0 tornado was observed picking up debris near Zlínský kraj in the Czech Republic.[357] On 16 September, 4 waterspouts were seen at the same time off the coast of Illes Balears in Spain.[358] Then, on the 17th 12 tornadoes and waterpouts occurred acros Europe, in Fano, Italy, a F0 overturned tracktors and trailers.[359][360] Later, at least three tornadoes simultaneously occurred over the baltic sea off the coast of Seeheilbad Graal-Müritz.[361] 5 more tornadoes occurred in Italy including an F1 in Totora.[362][363][364][365][366][367][368][369][370] Three more tornadoes then occurred in Denmark.[371][372][373]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
14 4 1 0 0 0 0
2022 Russian and Ukrainian tornado outbreak 18–19 September 2022 Russia, Ukraine 7 3 Fatalities 8 injuries From 18–19 September, 4 tornadoes impacted Russia and 3 tornadoes impacted Ukraine. The first tornado was a waterspout that was observed at about 07:30 local time in Donskoye, Kaliningrad. Then, at 13:30 local time, an F3 tornado struck Buryn, Ukraine, One person died when a wall fell on him. At least 8 other people were injured and hospitalized, including 2-month-old child with a concussion. Four more people with minor injuries were treated without hospitalization. About 20 residential buildings were left without a roof, several had destroyed walls. About 10,000 customers were left without electricity. At least upper F2 damage category was assigned based on structural damage (destroyed roofs, partly collapsed walls visible on aerial footage), the rating was updated to F3 based on the attached photos of destroyed brick residential building. Less than 15 minutes later, 2 more tornadoes impacted Ukraine, one in Zinovo (rated F2), and one in Shurovo (F1). In Zinovo, Power transmission were damaged, roofs were destroyed, some Walls partly collapsed, large tree branches broke, and trees were uprooted or snapped. In Ol'govka, Russia an F1 tornado struck the town, causing damage to roofs, chimneys, cars and windows. Another F2 tornado also struck L'gov, many houses had their roofs ripped off, insulation layers were damaged, cars were damaged, and windows were smashed. A tornado then passed through Volokno microdistrict of Kursk. The tornado tore off the roof from the dormitory of an automotive technical college in the Volokno district. An 18-year-old student of Automotive Technical College was struck in the abdomen by a piece of the roof which entered through the window and died. The man was reportedly filming the tornado during that time. The man's death was confirmed by the police. Another victim was found under a downed tree near the Automotive Technical College on Yunosti street. Time was based on radar data and SAT data. The next day, an F2 tornado damaged a forest near Svocha, in Russia. ESWD documents all of these events.[272]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
1 0 3 2 1 0 0
October 2022 Northern and the Baltic Sea derecho tornado event 18 October 2022 Norway 2 None During a rare October Derecho, two tornadoes were reported. The first of two tornadoes started as a waterspout which then made landfall and struck Sandve, Norway, causing damage to a house and the complete destruction of a barn. The European Severe Storms Laboratory rated this tornado F1 on the Fujita scale. The second tornado struck Brevikstranda, Norway, causing damage to several structures and numerous trees. A playhouse was completely destroyed and several large trees were snapped or uprooted. The European Severe Storms Laboratory rated this tornado an F1 on the Fujita scale and rated some tree damage as IF1 on the International Fujita scale.[50]
IFU IF0 IF1 IF2 IF3 IF4 IF5
0 0 2 0 0 0 0
October 2022 European tornado outbreak 23 October 2022 France, UK 11+ 1 injury As severe thunderstorms and supercells moved across Northern France and Southern England, at least 11 tornadoes were produced.[10] Two tornadoes struck Hampshire in the UK, whilst nine hit Northern France. One near New Milton damaged roofs, and one in Hensting came close to Marwell Zoo, damaging the zoo's car park causing moderate damage in the area surrounding.[374] Both tornadoes were rated F1. Two unrated tornadoes struck Beuzeville and Arleux, whilst four F1 tornadoes struck Ferrières-en-Bray, Gaudechart, Beaudéduit and Warlaing. Two F2 tornadoes struck Songeons and Belleuse.[10] The one which hit Songeons injured a 9–year–old girl that was hit by a disjointed gate. A strong F3/EF3 struck Bihucourt, which destroyed many homes but didn't cause any injuries.[375]
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
2 0 6 2 1 0 0
Injuries: 1

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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Further readingEdit

External linksEdit