Tony Scott (born Anthony Joseph Sciacca June 17, 1921 – March 28, 2007) was an American jazz clarinetist and arranger with an interest in folk music around the world. For most of his career he was held in high esteem in new-age music circles because of his involvement in music linked to Asian cultures and to meditation.
|Birth name||Anthony Joseph Sciacca|
|Born||June 17, 1921|
Morristown, New Jersey, U.S.
|Died||March 28, 2007 (aged 85)|
Born in Morristown, New Jersey, United States, Scott attended Juilliard School from 1940 to 1942. In the 1950s he worked with Sarah Vaughan and Billie Holiday. He also had a young Bill Evans and Paul Motian as side-men on several albums released between 1957 and 1959. In the late 1950s, he won on four occasions the DownBeat critics poll for clarinetist in 1955, 1957, 1958 and 1959. He was known for a more "cool" style on the instrument than his peer Buddy DeFranco who often played a more aggressive bebop style.
Despite this, he remained relatively little-known as the clarinet had been in eclipse in jazz since the emergence of bebop. In 1959, he left New York City, where he had been based, and abandoned the United States for a time. In the 1960s, he toured South, East, and Southeast Asia. This led to his playing in a Hindu temple, spending time in Japan, and releasing Music for Zen Meditation in 1964 for Verve Records. In 1960 a DownBeat poll for Japan saw readers there name him best clarinetist while the United States preferred Buddy DeFranco. He did a Japanese special on Buddhism and jazz, although he continued to work with American jazz musicians and played at the Newport Jazz Festival in 1965. In the years following that he worked in Germany, Africa, and at times in South America.
He settled in Italy in the 1970s, working with Italian jazz musicians such as Franco D'Andrea and Romano Mussolini. He also played the part of a Sicilian-American Mafia boss in Glauber Rocha's film Claro (1975). In later years he began showing an interest in electronica and, in 2002, his Hare Krishna was remixed by King Britt as a contribution to Verve Remixed.
In 2010, a documentary film by the Italian director Franco Maresco about the life of Scott was released titled Io sono Tony Scott, ovvero come l'Italia fece fuori il più grande clarinettista del jazz (English: I am Tony Scott. The Story of How Italy Got Rid of the Greatest Jazz Clarinetist).
He died of prostate cancer in Rome at the age of 85.
- 1953: Tony Scott Quartet, Complete Brunswick Sessions
- 1955: Scott's Fling (RCA Victor)
- 1956: Both Sides of Tony Scott (RCA Victor)
- 1956: The Touch of Tony Scott (RCA Victor)
- 1957: The Complete Tony Scott (RCA Victor)
- 1957: The Modern Art of Jazz (Seeco)
- 1957: Free Blown Jazz (Carlton)
- 1957: My Kind of Jazz (Perfect)
- 1957: Tony Scott Swinging in Sweden (RCA)
- 1957: Tony Scott in South Africa (RCA, Teal, South Africa)
- 1957: Tony Scott In Concert, with Horst Jankowski trio (in Ljubljana)
- 1959: Golden Moments (Muse)
- 1959: I'll Remember (Muse)
- 1959: Sung Heroes (Sunnyside)
- 1959: Clarinette enchantée
- 1964: Music for Zen Meditation (Verve)
- 1967: Tony Scott (LPR) (Verve)
- 1967: Djanger Bali by Tony Scott and the Indonesian All Stars (MPS)
- 1968: Music for Yoga Meditation and Other Joys (Verve )
- 1971: 52nd St. Scene (Hallmark Records)
- 1973: Manteca (Sonet Records)
- 1977: Meditation by Tony Scott featuring Jan Akkerman (Polydor)
- 1978: Boomerang by Tony Scott & The Traditional Jazz Studio (Supraphon)
- 1988: Astral Meditation: Voyage into a Black Hole - Part 1 (Core)
- 1988: Astral Meditation: Voyage into a Black Hole - Part 2 - Astrala (Core)
- 1988: Astral Meditation: Voyage into a Black Hole - Part 3 - Astrobo (Core)
- 1989: Lush Life (Core)
- 2004: Tony Scott & The Mario Rusca Trio - The Old Lion Roars (GMG Music by Saar Records)
- 2007: Talkingmoods
- 2007: A Jazz Life
- 2013: Love Transfusion
With Trigger Alpert
With Shirley Bunnie Foy
- Shirley Bunnie Foy (60th Anniversary) (MAP Golden Jazz, 2013)
With John Lewis
With Mundell Lowe
With Carmen McRae
With the Metronome All-Stars
With Max Roach
With Ben Webster
- Music for Loving (Norgran, 1954)
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Who's Who of Jazz (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. pp. 354/5. ISBN 0-85112-580-8.
- "Tony Scott, 85; jazz musician took the clarinet to fiery new heights in bebop". Los Angeles Times. 2 April 2007. Retrieved August 1, 2021.
- Fox, Margalit. "Tony Scott, Jazz Clarinetist Who Mastered Bebop, Dies at 85", The New York Times, March 31, 2007. Accessed July 23, 2012. "Anthony Joseph Sciacca — his family name is pronounced "Shaka" — was born on June 17, 1921, in Morristown, N.J., to parents who had come from Sicily."
- Down Beat Archived 2007-03-21 at the Wayback Machine Critics Poll 1955.
- Down Beat Archived 2007-03-21 at the Wayback Machine Critics Poll 1957.
- Down Beat Archived 2007-03-21 at the Wayback Machine Critics Poll 1958.
- Down Beat Archived 2007-03-21 at the Wayback Machine Critics Poll 1959.
- Down Beat Archived 2006-11-22 at the Wayback Machine Japanese Readers Poll 1960.
- Io sono Tony Scott, ovvero come l'Italia fece fuori il più grande clarinettista del jazz at IMDb