Tom Doherty (born April 23, 1935) is an American publisher, and the founder of science fiction and fantasy book publisher Tor Books. After working as a book salesman in the 1950s and 1960s, Doherty became publisher of Tempo Books in 1972; in 1975, he became, in addition, publisher of another company also owned by Grosset & Dunlap, the science fiction imprint Ace Books. In 1980 he left Ace to found his own company, Tor Books.
Tor became a subsidiary of St. Martin's Press in 1987; both are now subsidiaries of Holtzbrinck Publishers, ultimately owned by the Macmillan Publishers. Doherty continues as president and publisher of Tom Doherty Associates, LLC, publishing under the Tor, Forge, Orb, Starscape, and Tor Teen imprints.
In 2005, Doherty was awarded a World Fantasy Award in the "Lifetime Achievement" category at the World Fantasy Convention for his contributions to the fantasy field.