Tom Doherty (born April 23, 1935) is an American publisher and the founder of the science fiction and fantasy book publisher Tor Books. After working as a book salesman in the 1950s and 1960s, Doherty became publisher of Tempo Books in 1972. In 1975, he became, in addition to publisher of another company also owned by Grosset & Dunlap, the science fiction imprint Ace Books. In 1980, he left Ace to establish his own company Tor Books.
Tor became a subsidiary of St. Martin's Press in 1987; both are now subsidiaries of Holtzbrinck Publishers, ultimately owned by the Macmillan Publishers. Doherty continues as president and publisher of Tom Doherty Associates LLC, publishing under the Tor, Forge, Orb, Starscape, and Tor Teen imprints.
In 2005, Doherty was awarded a World Fantasy Award in the "Lifetime Achievement" category at the World Fantasy Convention for his contributions to the fantasy genre.