Suratissa Diyasena Wijeyeratne (Sinhala: සුරතිස්ස දියසේන විජයරත්න) (17 February 1923 – 11 July 2002) (known as Tissa Wijeyeratne) was a Sri Lankan politician, diplomat, barrister and businessman. He was also Additional Secretary to the Ministry of External Affairs and Defence, and Senior Advisor (Foreign Affairs) to the Prime Minister.
|Sri Lankan Ambassador to UNESCO, France and Switzerland|
|Born||17 February 1923|
|Died||11 July 2002(aged 79)|
|Political party||Communist Party of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Freedom Party|
|Alma mater||Royal College, Colombo|
|Occupation||Politics, Diplomat, Businessman|
Tissa Wijeyeratne was born 17 February 1923 to a leading family from Sabaragamuwa in Sri Lanka. He was the eldest son of Sir Edwin and Lady Leela Wijeyeratne, of Buddenipola Walauwa, Kegalle. Sir Edwin Wijeyeratne was a former Cabinet Minister of Home Affairs and Rural Development. Tissa Wijeyeratne had two younger brothers, Nissanka and Cuda Wijeyeratne. Nissanka Wijeyeratne was a politician, civil servant, diplomat and Diyawadana Nilame. Dr.Cuda Wijeyeratne who is a consultant psychiatrist.
Wijeyeratne completed his primary and secondary education at the Royal College, Colombo. Wijeyeratne left school in 1941 and pursued further studies in Switzerland before studying Law in London & then he was admitted of the Inner Temple in 1945.
Wijeyeratne was called to the Bar in 1959 and became a Barrister-at-Law in 1960. He returned to Sri Lanka a year later and started a practice as a lawyer in Kegalle. His forte was Criminal Law. Soon he became one of the most successful lawyers in the Sabaragamuwa and Central Province. Wijeyeratne was instrumental in obtaining rights for Sri Lankan lawyers to wear the national dress to courts. He was the first lawyer since Sri Lanka's independence to appear in courts attired in the national dress of Sri Lanka.
As a student, Wijeyeratne was a committed Marxist and student activist. He was President, Ceylon Students Union in London and later joined the international student movement. In 1951, he led the first Ceylon delegation to the World Festival of Youth in Moscow. During this time, he became a member of the British Communist Party.
He returned to Sri Lanka in 1956 before completing his Barristers examinations, and became a full-time activist of the Communist Party of Sri Lanka. He subsequently became the party's Chief Organiser for the Kegalle Electorate. During the late 1950s and 1960s, he maintained close links with the university community at Peradeniya, visiting the university on several occasions to deliver political lectures. In the General Elections 1960 (March) he contested Kegalle Electorate from the Communist Party but was defeated. Tissa Wijeyeratne later joined the Sri Lanka Freedom Party. He was an active member of the party from 1965 onwards, but did not contest the 1970 parliamentary election.
In the 1970s, Wijeyeratne was appointed as Sri Lankan ambassador to the UNESCO, France and Switzerland. As Ambassador, he strengthened Sri Lanka's diplomatic and trade relations, particularly with European countries and promoted tourism and traditional Sri Lankan exports while maintaining close links with these countries.
Foreign Affairs CareerEdit
Tissa Wijeyeratne returned from France in 1974 and was appointed as the Additional Secretary to the Ministry of External Affairs and Defence and Senior Advisor (Foreign Affairs) to the Prime Minister, where he was largely responsible for foreign affairs. He was also one of the main organisers of the 1976 Non-aligned Summit in Sri Lanka. During this time, he expressed strong public opinion for the formation of a separate Foreign Ministry in Sri Lanka. This was later implemented by President J.R Jayawardena.
As Additional Secretary, Wijeyeratne placed strong emphasis on the Sri Lankan national identity within the foreign service. In order to implement re-organisation of the Sri Lanka Foreign Service to this effect, he consulted representatives from several public service trade unions so that the foreign service represented the views of the people. He brought a Sinhalese and Tamil oriented dimension to the Foreign Office, recruiting locally educated youth to nurture Sri Lanka's identity in missions abroad. He also proposed the initiation of a Diploma course in Diplomacy at an institute of foreign affairs that would be affiliated to the University of Sri Lanka, providing training opportunities to hopeful diplomats. His proposal was materialised in 1975 as the Bandaranaike Institute of Foreign Studies. Wijeyeratne left the foreign service in 1976 and returned to the Kegalle Bar.
During the late 1970s, Tissa Wijeyeratne being a firm believer in uplifting the life of rural communities in Sri Lanka, ventured into finance. His deep belief in the economic philosophy of British economist E. F. Schumacher lent the company its motto "Small is Beautiful". He grouped together influential businessmen in the city of Kandy amidst a group of influential lawyers and embarked on his final career. Thus in 1978, he formed what is today Sinhaputhra Finance Ltd, a Central Bank Registered Finance Company, of which he was the founder Chairman. The company commenced business in 1979 under the name of Sinhaputhra Agricultural and Industrial Finance Ltd. and focused initially on providing vehicles to rural areas for the transport of their produce to markets. He also became an active member of the Finance Houses Association of Sri Lanka, and was part of an active team that spearheaded the enactment of useful legislation. During his tenure, he also helped promote the establishment of the Sri Lanka Institute of Credit Management to strengthen the industry.
Wijeyeratne married Visakha Bulankulame, a well known Sri Lankan artist. She was the daughter of Dr Edmond Asoka Bulankulame and Ivy Senanayake Bulankulame of Nuwarawewa Walauwa, Anuradhapura. Tissa and Visakha Wijeyeratne had one daughter, Kalpana and a son, Ravana, who is the current Managing Director of Sinhaputra Finance PLC, and the current Honorary Consul for France in Kandy.
- IQBAL DAY CELEBRATION IN COLOMBO. Article specially written for the occasion by Mr. Tissa Wijeyeratne for the Ceylon Daily News of April 21, 1966.
- Saving the Foreign Service by Bandu de Silva. Sri Lanka Guardian, Retrieved on 17 March 2011.
- SORTING DIPLOMATS FROM THE OFFICER. Daily News (Sri Lanka), Retrieved on 20 May 2013.
- Foreign Policy Making in Sri Lanka: Institutions & Processes.
- BUDDHIST DIPLOMACY IN PM SIRIMAVO BANDARANAIKE’S FOREIGN POLICY WON WORLD RESPECT FOR SRI LANKA. On Lanka, Retrieved on 27 June 2013.
- An illustrious son of Sabaragamuwa. Daily News, Retrieved on 20 October 2007.
- Tissa Wijeyeratne, an illustrious son of Lanka by Ajith Samaranayake. Sunday Observer, Retrieved on 14 July 2002.
- A Tribute: Deshamanya Dr. Nissanka Parakrama Wijeyeratne. The Island (Sri Lanka), Retrieved on 11 February 2007.
- Conspiracies to overthrow Government - I. Daily News, Retrieved on 12 February 2010.
- A Remarkable Personality. The Island, Retrieved on 5 September 2002.
- Parliamentary Elections Results (1960 March) Official Website, Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.
- India and Sri Lanka Touching Distances being the Bernard Soysa Centenary Commemoration Oration. By Gopalkrishna Gandhi (Ex Secretary to President of India) , Retrieved on 9th May 2014.
- Appreciation Tissa Wijeyeratne. The Island, Retrieved on 21 July 2002.
- Wikileaks. Wikileaks, Retrieved on 12 March 1974.
- Twenty years of financial excellence. Sunday Times, Retrieved on 7 March 1999.
- Sinhaputra counts 30. Daily News, Retrieved on 3 March 2009.
- Portrait of a remarkable lady. The Sunday Times, Retrieved on 18 March 2012.
- Sinhaputhra aiming at Rs 9 b lending portfolio. Daily News, Retrieved on 19 January 2012.
- French Embassy opens Consulate in Kandy. Daily FT, Retrieved on 15 October 2015.
- Champagne Toast … as France’s jewel in Kandy’s Crown celebrates Golden Jubilee. Colombo Diary, Retrieved on 10 May 2017.