Tirkennedy (from Irish Tír Cennfhota 'country of the long-head') is a barony in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. To its west lies Lower Lough Erne and south Upper Lough Erne, and it is bordered by seven other baronies: Clanawley and Magheraboy to the west; Lurg and Omagh East to the north; Clogher to the east; Magherastephana and Knockninny to the south.
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Despite its name, Tirkennedy has nothing to do with the modern personal name of Kennedy, which derives from Cennétig (ugly/rough headed). Rather it takes its name from the epithet of Fergus son of Cremthann, the eponymous ancestor of the Ui Chremthainn, the predominant tribe of the western Airgialla. Fergus lived in the late fifth century AD and was known as Cennfhota (long-head). His descendants became known as the Ui Chennfhota, with the kingdom of Tir Cennfhota receiving its first mention in the Annals in 1349.
The Devine (Irish: Ó Daimhín) sept were cited as Lords of Tirkennedy, and were a leading Fermanagh sept up to and including the fifteenth century, when their power was broken by the O'Neills to the north and the Maguires to the south. Under the Maguires, the MacManus sept became hereditary supervisors of the fisheries in Tirkennedy.
The early Anglicisation of "Tircannada" recorded in the 1609 escheated counties map is claimed as being more accurate than the present form of "Tirkennedy".
List of main settlementsEdit
List of civil parishesEdit
Below is a list of civil parishes in Tirkennedy:
- "Strabane Lower". Placenames Database of Ireland. Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
- PRONI Baronies of Northern Ireland
- The Letters of John O'Donovan Archived 2010-07-28 at the Wayback Machine
- The barony of Tirkennedy in Co. Fermanagh
- Bell, Robert; The Book of Ulster Surnames, page 51. The Black Staff Press, 2003. ISBN 0-85640-602-3
- The Baronies of Ireland - Family History
- PRONI CIvil Parishes of County Fermanagh