The River Erne (// AIRN, Irish: Abhainn na hÉirne or An Éirne) in the northwest of the island of Ireland, is the second-longest river in Ulster, flowing through Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, and forming part of their border.
|Native name||An Éirne (Irish)|
|Country||Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland|
|• location||Slieve Glah, County Cavan, Ireland|
|• elevation||~255 m (837 ft)|
|Atlantic Ocean at Ballyshannon, County Donegal|
|Length||~129 km (80 mi)|
|Basin size||4,372 km2 (1,688 sq mi)|
|• average||101.7 m3/s (3,590 cu ft/s)|
|• left||Arney River, Sillees River|
|• right||River Annalee, River Finn (Erne tributary), Colebrooke River, Ballycassidy River, Kesh River, Brannagh River|
The Erne rises on the east shoulder of Slieve Glah mountain  three miles south of Cavan in County Cavan, Republic of Ireland, and flows 80 miles (129 km) through Lough Gowna, Lough Oughter and Upper and Lower Lough Erne, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, to the sea at Ballyshannon, County Donegal back in the Republic. The river is 120 kilometres long and is used for fly fishing for trout and salmon, with a number of fisheries along both the river itself and its tributaries. The town of Enniskillen is mostly situated on an island in the river, between Upper and Lower Lough Erne. It is linked to the River Shannon by the Shannon–Erne Waterway.
The river takes its name from a mythical princess named Éirne.
Live aboard pleasure cruisers are available in several locations along the Erne waterway, including Belturbet, Knockniny, Carrybridge, Bellanaleck, Enniskillen, and Killadeas. In addition to the use of the Erne for live aboard boating holidays, sections of the river are used for water skiing, bank fishing, trolling, jet skiing and scuba diving. Boaters are cautioned, by the Northern Ireland Tourist Board, that Upper Lough Erne is a maze of small islands needing careful navigation, and waves on Lower Lough Erne can reach "open-sea dimensions".
The Erne waterway is home to ancient ruins, both Christian and Pagan, with ruins found in several locations, including: Crom Estate, on the North bank of the Upper Erne channel, Gad Island, near Crom Estate, Devenish Island, Inismacsaint Island, Davy’s Island, White Island, and Boa Island. Many of these locations can only be reached by boat.
Devenish Island has a historical display centre adjacent to its ruins. Visitors sometimes use rental boats and the Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland Activity Map of Lough Erne (ISBN 978-1-905306-26-8) to locate these ancient sites.
Former railway linesEdit
-  Explanatory Memoir, sheets 68 and 69 of the Geological Survey of Ireland,1878
- Notes on River Basins: Page 67
- "Fisheries - River Erne". Ireland Fly Fishing. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2009.
- South Eastern River Basin District Management System. Page 38 Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
- "Northern Ireland - County Fermanagh/Lough Erne".
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