Tionety uezd

The Tionety uezd[a] was a county (uezd) of the Tiflis Governorate of the Caucasus Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire, and then of Democratic Republic of Georgia, with its administrative centre in Tionety (present-day Tianeti).[1] The area of the uezd roughly corresponded to the contemporary Mtskheta-Mtianeti region of Georgia.

Tionety uezd
Тіонетскій уѣздъ
Coat of arms of Tionety uezd
Location in the Tiflis Governorate
Location in the Tiflis Governorate
CountryRussian Empire
GovernorateTiflis
ViceroyaltyCaucasus
Established1874
Abolished1930
CapitalTionety
(present-day Tianeti)
Area
 • Total4,836.83 km2 (1,867.51 sq mi)
Population
 (1916)
 • Total49,350
 • Density10/km2 (26/sq mi)
 • Rural
100.00%

HistoryEdit

Following the Russian Revolution, the Tionety uezd was incorporated into the short-lived Democratic Republic of Georgia.[1]

Administrative divisionsEdit

The subcounties (uchastoks) of the Tionety uezd in 1913 were as follows:[2]

Name 1912 population Area
Pshavo-Khevsuretskiy uchastok (Пшаво-Хевсуретскій участокъ) 13,967 1,781.87 square versts (2,027.88 km2; 782.97 sq mi)
Tushino-Kakhetinskiy uchastok (Тушино-Кахетинскій участокъ) 13,017 1,601.16 square versts (1,822.22 km2; 703.56 sq mi)
Ertsoyskiy uchastok (Эрцойскій участокъ) 16,403 867.03 square versts (986.73 km2; 380.98 sq mi)

DemographicsEdit

Russian Empire CensusEdit

According to the Russian Empire Census, the Tionety uezd had a population of 34,153 on 28 January [O.S. 15 January] 1897, including 16,431 men and 17,722 women. The majority of the population indicated Georgian to be their mother tongue, with a significant Chechen speaking minority.[3]

Linguistic composition of the Tionety uezd in 1897[3]
Language Native speakers %
Georgian 30,302 88.72
Chechen 2,113 6.19
Russian 637 1.87
Armenian 538 1.58
Kist 284 0.83
Ossetian 227 0.66
Persian 24 0.07
Turkish 10 0.03
Avar-Andean 6 0.02
Greek 5 0.01
Tatar[b] 3 0.01
Belarusian 1 0.00
French 1 0.00
Jewish 1 0.00
Polish 1 0.00
TOTAL 34,153 100.00

Kavkazskiy kalendarEdit

According to the 1917 publication of Kavkazskiy kalendar, the Tionety uezd had a population of 49,350 on 14 January [O.S. 1 January] 1916, including 24,402 men and 24,948 women, 48,666 of whom were the permanent population, and 684 were temporary residents:[4]

Nationality Number %
Georgians 47,515 96.28
Armenians 1,726 3.50
Russians 56 0.11
North Caucasians 39 0.08
Jews 12 0.02
Other Europeans 2 0.00
TOTAL 49,350 100.00

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference Caucasian Tatars was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Tsutsiev 2014.
  2. ^ Кавказский календарь на 1913 год, pp. 164–175.
  3. ^ a b "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". www.demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2022-06-30.
  4. ^ Кавказский календарь на 1917 год, pp. 206–213.

BibliographyEdit

Coordinates: 42°6′30″N 44°57′55″E / 42.10833°N 44.96528°E / 42.10833; 44.96528