An uchastok (Russian: yча́сток, plural yча́стки, uchastki), or dilyanka in Ukrainian usage (Ukrainian: ділянка, plural ділянки, dilyanki), was a territorial-administrative unit of the Russian Empire and early Russian SFSR. Throughout most of modern Russian history, uchastoks, which numbered 2,523 throughout the empire by 1914, were a third-level administrative division, below okrugs, uyezds and otdels (counties). In a literal sense, uchastok approximately corresponds to the English term plot, however, in practical usage it corresponds to a sub-county, section or municipal district.
In 1708, an administrative reform carried out by Tsar Peter the Great divided Russia into guberniyas (provinces) with subordinate uezds, whereas oblasts (regions) consisted of okrugs (counties), or otdels (Cossack counties), however, the counties of all were usually divided into either uchastoks or volosts, with the exception of the uezds of the Black Sea Governorate which did not have any sub-counties.
By the Soviet administrative reform of 1923–1929, most of the uchastoks were transformed into raions (districts), which corresponded in a similar land size, however, were subordinate directly to its Soviet republic rather than to any larger province or county.
Uchastoks were coterminous with police districts—which were in the charge of the local police chief. A selskoye obshchestvo (сельское общество), literally translating to "rural community" were often the subdivisions of uchastoks, if not their equivalent, consisting of groups of geographically linked villages. A magal (магал) is a similar sub-county which was less-commonly used but still equivalent to an uchastok, however, a stanitsa—which was common in otdels—was always subordinate to an uchastok.
The equivalent of an uchastok in the Dagestan Oblast was a nai-bate, which was ruled by a naib or local leader, who was a military deputy appointed by higher authorities (analogous to a pristav, or military commandant)
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- ^ С. А. Тархов (2001). "Изменение административно-территориального деления России за последние 300 лет". Электронная версия журнала "География". Archived from the original on 2013-11-13.
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