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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Hama, Syria.

Contents

Prior to 7th centuryEdit

7th–19th centuriesEdit

20th centuryEdit

21st centuryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Whitaker 2008.
  2. ^ a b c d Britannica 1910.
  3. ^ a b c Chambers 1901.
  4. ^ a b c d ArchNet.org. "Hama". Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: MIT School of Architecture and Planning. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012.
  5. ^ a b c Baedeker 1876.
  6. ^ Murray 1858.
  7. ^ David Dean Commins (1990), Islamic reform: politics and social change in late Ottoman Syria, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195061039, 0195061039
  8. ^ "Railway developments in Syria". Railway Age. Chicago. 1904.
  9. ^ Lewis R. Freeman (1915). "Railway Lines of Syria and Palestine". Railway Age Gazette. New York.
  10. ^ Sami Moubayed (2006), Steel & Silk: Men and Women who Shaped Syria 1900–2000, Seattle, USA: Cune Press, ISBN 9781885942401
  11. ^ Bou-Nacklie 1998.
  12. ^ a b David Dean Commins (2004), Historical Dictionary of Syria (2nd ed.), Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press
  13. ^ a b c "Syria: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. Stefan Helders. Archived from the original on 12 April 2013.
  14. ^ Malik Mufti (1996). Sovereign Creations: Pan-Arabism and Political Order in Syria and Iraq. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0801431689.
  15. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1965. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations. 1966. pp. 140–161.
  16. ^ a b c "Syria Profile: Timeline". BBC News. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  17. ^ Malise Ruthven (2004). Historical Atlas of Islam. Cartographica.
  18. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1985 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 247–289.
  19. ^ "'Half a million' protest on streets of Hama". Al Jazeera. 8 July 2011.
  20. ^ "UN council condemns use of force by Syria". Al Jazeera. 4 August 2011.
  21. ^ "Blast in Syria's Hama kills many". Al Jazeera. 26 April 2012.
  22. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Book of the Year. 2013. ISBN 978-1-62513-103-4.
  23. ^ "Fierce fighting rages across Syria". Al Jazeera. 18 January 2013.

BibliographyEdit

Published in 19th century
Published in 20th century
  • "Hamah", Chambers's Encyclopaedia, London: W. & R. Chambers, 1901
  • "Hamah", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 – via Internet Archive
  • Trudy Ring, ed. (1996), "Hama", Middle East and Africa, International Dictionary of Historic Places, Routledge, ISBN 9781884964039
  • N. E. Bou-Nacklie (1998). "Tumult in Syria's Hama in 1925: The Failure of a Revolt". Journal of Contemporary History. 33.
Published in 21st century
  • J.L. Whitaker (2008), "Hamah", in Michael R.T. Dumper; Bruce E. Stanley (eds.), Cities of the Middle East and North Africa, Santa Barbara, USA: ABC-CLIO
  • "Hama". Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture. Oxford University Press. 2009.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 35°08′N 36°45′E / 35.133°N 36.750°E / 35.133; 36.750