List of Ayyubid rulers

The Ayyubid dynasty ruled many parts of the Middle East and North Africa in the 12th and 13th centuries. The following is a list of Ayyubid rulers by county/province.

Sultans of EgyptEdit

See Rulers of Islamic Egypt.

Displaced in Egypt by the Mamluk sultanate, ruled briefly by Shajar al-Durr, widow of as-Salih Ayyub, and then Aybak, 1254.

Sultans and Emirs of DamascusEdit

See Rulers of Damascus.

Takeover by Mongols, and then Mamluks following the battle of Ain Jalut, 1260.

Emirs of AleppoEdit

See Rulers of Aleppo.

Takeover by Mongols, and then Mamluks following the battle of Ain Jalut, 1260.

Emirs of BaalbekEdit

See Baalbek, Middle Ages.

Takeover by Mongols, and then Mamluks following the battle of Ain Jalut, 1260.

Emirs of HamaEdit

See Hama, Muslim Rule.

Formal takeover by Mamluk sultanate in 1341.

Emirs of HomsEdit

See Homs, Seljuk, Ayyubid and Mamluk Rule.

Directly ruled by Mamluks under Alam al-Din Sanjar al-Bashqirdi, assigned by Baibars, sultan of Egypt and Syria, from 1263.

Emirs of Hisn KaifaEdit

See Hisn Kaifa, Ayyubid and Mongols.

Takeover by the Ottoman empire in 1524.

Emirs of al-KarakEdit

Also referred to as governors of Transjordan.[3] See al-Karak, Crusader, Ayyubid and Mamluk Periods.

Taken by Mamluks under Baibars, sultan of Egypt and Syria, in 1263.

Emirs of Diyar BakrEdit

See Diyar Bakr.

Taken by Mongols in 1260.

Emirs of Yemen and HejazEdit

See Yemen, Ayyubid Conquest.

Takeover by Rasulid dynasty of Yemen in 1129.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bosworth 1996, p. 70.
  2. ^ a b Meinecke 1996, p. 66.
  3. ^ Wolff, Robert L. and Hazard, H. W., A History of the Crusades: Volume Two, The Later Crusades 1187-1311, The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, 1977, pg. 814

SourcesEdit

  • Bosworth, C.E. (1996). The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual. Columbia University Press, pp. 70-75.
  • Lane-Poole, Stanley (1894), "Ayyūbids", The Mohammedan Dynasties: Chronological and Genealogical Tables with Historical Introductions, Westminster: Archibald Constable and Company, pp. 77–79, OCLC 1199708
  • Meinecke, Michael (1996), "3. Hasankeyf/Ḥiṣn Kaifā on the Tigris: A Regional Center on the Crossroad of Foreign Influences", Patterns of Stylistic Changes in Islamic Architecture: Local Traditions Versus Migrating Artists, New York University Press