The 1157 Hama earthquake occurred on 12 August after a year of foreshocks. Its name was taken from the city of Hama, in west-central Syria (then under the Seljuk rule), where the most casualties were sustained.[2] In eastern Syria, near the Euphrates, the quake destroyed the predecessor of the citadel al-Rahba, subsequently rebuilt on the same strategic site. The earthquake also affected Christian monasteries and churches in the vicinity of Jerusalem.

1157 Hama earthquake
1157 Hama earthquake is located in Syria
1157 Hama earthquake
Local date12 August 1157
Magnitude7.4 Ms[1]
Epicenter35°06′N 36°30′E / 35.1°N 36.5°E / 35.1; 36.5[2]
Areas affectedSyria (region)
Total damageExtreme[3]
Max. intensityVIII (Severe)IX (Violent)

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Sbeinati, M.R.; Darawcheh R.; Mouty M (2005). "The historical earthquakes of Syria: an analysis of large and moderate earthquakes from 1365 B.C. to 1900 A.D.". Annals of Geophysics. 48 (3): 347–435. doi:10.4401/ag-3206.
  2. ^ a b Ambraseys, Nicholas N. (2004). "The 12th century seismic paroxysm in the Middle East: a historical perspective" (PDF). Annals of Geophysics. Istituto Nazionale Geofisica e Vulcanologia. 47 (2–3): 733, 738, 745, 750.
  3. ^ a b National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), Significant Earthquake Information, National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K