Argentina is located at a longitude that would naturally put it in the UTC−04:00 or UTC−05:00 time zone; however, it actually uses the UTC−03:00 time zone. Argentina determines whether to change clocks in observation of daylight saving time on a year-by-year basis, and individual provinces may opt out of the federal decision. At present, Argentina does not change clocks.

Time zone map of South America

The Argentine Hydrographic Service[1] maintains the official national time.

History edit

The first official standardization of time in Argentina took place on 31 October 1894, with establishment of UTC−04:00 as the nation’s standard time.[2] From 1920 to 1969, the official time switched biannually between UTC−04:00 as standard time in winter and UTC−03:00 as daylight saving time in summer.[3] From 1974 to 1993, clocks advanced again, such that the official time switched biannually between UTC−03:00 as winter DST and UTC−02:00 as summer double DST.[4] In 1993, the national time was fixed at UTC−03:00, called Argentina Time (ART;[5][6] Spanish: hora oficial argentina, HOA). In 2007 and 2008, biannual switching between UTC–3:00 (winter DST) and UTC–2:00 (summer DDST) resumed; in 2009, this was replaced again with year-round UTC–3:00 (permanent DST).[7]

IANA time zone database edit

In the file of the IANA time zone database Argentina has the following zones:

  1. America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires – Buenos Aires (BA, CF)
  2. America/Argentina/Cordoba – most locations (CD, CC, CR, ER, FO, MN, SF)
  3. America/Argentina/Salta (SA, LP, NQ, RN)
  4. America/Argentina/Jujuy – Jujuy (JY)
  5. America/Argentina/Tucuman – Tucuman (TM)
  6. America/Argentina/Catamarca – Catamarca (CT), Chubut (CH)
  7. America/Argentina/La Rioja – La Rioja (LR)
  8. America/Argentina/San Juan – San Juan (SJ)
  9. America/Argentina/Mendoza – Mendoza (MZ)
  10. America/Argentina/San Luis – San Luis (SL)
  11. America/Argentina/Rio Gallegos – Santa Cruz (SC)
  12. America/Argentina/Ushuaia – Tierra del Fuego (TF)
  13. America/Argentina/Santiago_del_Estero (SE)

References edit

  1. ^ Hora Oficial Archived 2013-03-30 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "HORA DE VERANO PARA LA REPUBLICA ARGENTINA". Archived from the original on 2003-08-03. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
  3. ^ Time Changes in Buenos Aires Over the Years, 1925–1949.
  4. ^ Time Changes in Buenos Aires Over the Years, 1970–1979.
  5. ^ "Argentina Time – ART Time Zone".
  6. ^ "Time zone names- Argentina Time". Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  7. ^ "El Gobierno no adelantará la hora oficial el próximo domingo". Actualidad (in Spanish). 16 October 2009. Archived from the original on 18 October 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2023.
  • tz database – The tz database contains an extensive history of time zone and daylight saving time changes, with references to official sources for changes to time zones, for Argentina and the rest of the world.

External links edit