Thirteen (2003 film)
Thirteen is a 2003 American independent drama film directed by Catherine Hardwicke, written by Hardwicke and Nikki Reed, and starring Evan Rachel Wood, Holly Hunter, and Reed. Loosely based on Reed's life from ages 12 to 13, the film's plot follows Tracy, a junior high school student in Los Angeles who begins dabbling in substance abuse, sex, and crime after being befriended by a troubled classmate. It features Brady Corbet, Deborah Kara Unger, Kip Pardue, and Vanessa Anne Hudgens in supporting roles.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Catherine Hardwicke|
|Produced by||Jeff Levy-Hinte|
|Written by||Catherine Hardwicke|
Evan Rachel Wood
Deborah Kara Unger
D. W. Moffett
Vanessa Anne Hudgens
|Music by||Mark Mothersbaugh|
|Edited by||Nancy Richardson|
|Distributed by||Fox Searchlight Pictures|
|Box office||$10.1 million|
The screenplay for Thirteen was written over a period of six days by Hardwicke and the then-14-year-old Reed; Hardwicke, a former production designer, independently raised funds herself for the production. Filming took place on location in Los Angeles in 2002, largely shot with hand-held cameras, evoking a cinéma vérité visual style.
Upon the film's debut at the Sundance Film Festival in January 2003, Hardwicke won the Sundance Directing (Drama) for the film. Fox Searchlight Pictures subsequently acquired Thirteen for distribution, giving the film a limited release in the United States beginning on August 20, 2003; the release would expand in September 2003, and the film went on to gross a total of $4.6 million at the United States box office.
Though it received numerous favorable reviews from critics, Thirteen generated some controversy for its depiction of youth drug use (including inhalants, marijuana, LSD, and alcohol), underage sexual behavior, and self-harm. The film earned Holly Hunter an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress in a Supporting Role and Golden Globe nominations for Hunter and Evan Rachel Wood for Best Supporting Actress and Best Actress in a Drama, respectively.
13-year-old Tracy Freeland (Wood) begins her school year as a smart and mild-mannered honors student at a middle school in Los Angeles. Her divorced mother Melanie (Hunter) is a recovering alcoholic, who struggles to support Tracy and her older brother Mason by working as a hairdresser. Tracy feels ignored by her mother, who is too busy with her fellow ex-addict boyfriend Brady (Jeremy Sisto) to address Tracy's increasing depression. After being teased for her "Cabbage Patch" clothes, Tracy decides to shed her "little girl" image and gets her mother to purchase trendier clothes.
Tracy wears one of her new outfits to school, and catches the attention of Evie Zamora (Reed), one of the most popular girls in school. Evie invites Tracy to go shopping on Melrose Avenue in Hollywood, but gives her a fake phone number as a prank. Nevertheless, Tracy determinedly shows up on Melrose Avenue and meets with Evie and her friend Astrid. Tracy is uncomfortable with the two shoplifting and excuses herself to sit outside the store on a bench. When a distracted rich woman sits next to Tracy, Tracy takes the chance to steal the woman's wallet, which impresses Evie and Astrid. The three go on a shopping spree with the stolen money and Tracy and Evie quickly become friends.
Evie quickly introduces Tracy to her world of sex, drugs, and crime, much to Tracy's delight. Evie tells Melanie that Brooke (Unger), her adult cousin and guardian, is out of town for two weeks, and Melanie agrees to let her stay at her home with Tracy. While staying there, Evie discovers that Tracy regularly cuts herself to cope with stress. Although Melanie is concerned about the change in Tracy's behavior and worries about the extent of Evie's influence, she cannot find a way to intervene. Melanie attempts to send Evie home, but reluctantly lets her stay after Evie claims her guardian's boyfriend is physically abusive. As Tracy and Evie become closer, Tracy shuts Melanie further out of her life.
Evie and Tracy get increasingly out of control, each egging the other on. The pair attempt to seduce Tracy's neighbor Luke (Pardue), a lifeguard in his early twenties, and ditch a family movie night to get high on the streets in Hollywood. Mason is shocked when he bumps into Tracy wearing sexualized clothing, including thong underwear, but Tracy dismisses his concerns. Later on, the girls take turns inhaling from a can of gas duster for electronics and become so intoxicated that they start hitting and punching each other.
Melanie attempts to break the girls' friendship by sending Tracy to live with her father, a preoccupied businessman, but he refuses. After Evie's stay extends over two weeks, Melanie unsuccessfully attempts to contact Brooke, and then visits Brooke's home with Evie and Tracy. They find that Brooke was hiding because of a botched plastic surgery. Evie asks Melanie to formally adopt her but Melanie refuses. Tracy meekly supports her mother's decision. Angry and hurt, a tearful Evie storms off. Later at school, Evie turns her friends against Tracy, and Tracy slowly begins to realize the negative effects of her lifestyle when she is told that she will have to repeat the seventh grade.
While walking home from school, Brady offers Tracy a ride and takes her home where Melanie, Evie, and Brooke are sitting quietly in the living room waiting for her. Brooke confronts Tracy about her drug use and stealing, having been convinced that Tracy was the bad influence on Evie. Outraged, Tracy insists that Evie was the instigator, but the skeptical Brooke refuses to listen and announces that she is moving Evie to Ojai to keep her away from Tracy. Melanie defends Tracy's innocence but then Brooke pulls Tracy's sleeve up to show Melanie Tracy's self-harm scars. After a screaming match, Brooke and Evie leave. Tracy weeps in Melanie's arms and attempts to fight against her mother's embrace. She tearfully pleads with Melanie to let go, with no success. The two fall asleep on Tracy's bed. The last scene shows a dream sequence of Tracy spinning alone and screaming on a park merry-go-round during the daytime.
- Holly Hunter as Melanie Freeland
- Evan Rachel Wood as Tracy Freeland
- Nikki Reed as Evie Zamora
- Jeremy Sisto as Brady
- Brady Corbet as Mason Freeland
- Deborah Kara Unger as Brooke LaLaine
- Kip Pardue as Luke
- Sarah Clarke as Birdie
- D. W. Moffett as Travis Freeland
- Vanessa Anne Hudgens as Noel
- Jenicka Carey as Astrid
- Ulysses Estrada as Rafa
- Sarah Blakely-Cartwright as Medina
- Jasmine Di Angelo as Kayla
- Tessa Ludwick as Yumi
- Cynthia Ettinger as Cynthia
- Charles Duckworth as Javi
Director Catherine Hardwicke, who had worked prior as a film production designer, has called Nikki Reed a "surrogate daughter", having known her since she was five years old. Hardwicke had been in a long-term relationship with Reed's father for a time. The two began the screenplay as a comedy project which would be shot to video at minimal cost. The screenplay was written over a period of six days in January 2002, and quickly shifted into a tale of early teen angst and self-destruction in Los Angeles, with Tracy's character drawn from Reed's own recent experiences as an adolescent early teen. Reed said she specifically was inspired by experiencing her friends' arrests for dealing methamphetamine when she was thirteen years old.
After completing the script, Hardwicke pitched the idea to various producers she knew, but said that most were "terrified" of the project because of the subject matter.
Hardwicke didn't think it would be fitting for Reed to play Tracy and auditioned hundreds of girls for the part. After becoming aware of Evan Rachel Wood, Hardwicke came to believe she could make the film only with Wood in the role of Tracy and only that year, with Wood at that age.
Hardwicke has said Holly Hunter's agreement to play the role of Tracy's mother Melanie was a key boost to bringing the production together; she met with Hunter in New York City to discuss the film, after which Hunter agreed to take the part. Hunter recalled: "I read the script and it was a very visceral experience. It's extremely raw, it was not a filled-in picture. It felt more like a feeling than anything else. And that's unusual for a script to communicate like that. It sort of declares itself, it comes at you. And the movie does, too. And that's unusual, for a movie to be able to have the same impetus on the screen that it has on the page."
Hardwicke subsequently managed to raise approximately $2 million, almost all through independent equity financing. Most of the adult actors were widely known and all of them reportedly agreed to low pay because they liked the script along with other members of the cast and crew. Wood and Reed were both 14 years old during filming (Wood turned 15 during the shoot).
Thirteen was shot on lower-cost super 16mm film over a period of 24 days. The camera was small, had a Panavision lens and was mostly hand-held by cinematographer Elliot Davis, which helped achieve a documentary, "cinéma vérité" style. Principal photography took place on location in Los Angeles, with Melrose Avenue, Hollywood Boulevard, and Venice Beach serving as filming locations. The Freeland home scenes were shot at a rented house in the San Fernando Valley. The outdoor school scenes were shot at Portola Middle School in Orange, CA.
Some scenes in the film were carefully and colorfully lit, while others were shot only with whatever daylight could be had. Due to child labor laws, the underage performers were only allowed to work a regulated number of hours per day. This made for a frenetic production atmosphere, which cast and crew later said matched the script and added to the film's fast and emotionally taut pace. The film stock was transferred to the digital domain wherein the colors and saturation were highly manipulated for some segments. The beginning of the film was very slightly desaturated in the scenes before Tracy became friends with Evie. Once they became friends, the saturation was increased to a "glowy" effect, according to Hardwicke. After the scene where Evie and Tracy make out with Luke, the saturation slowly becomes less and less until the end of the film, especially after Evie is told that she can't live with Tracy anymore and Tracy is abandoned by the popular group.
The wardrobe worn by the girls was mostly their own. As filming progressed, the girls began dressing similarly without being asked to do so. The girls did not take any dangerous substances during the film. They are shown smoking cigarettes, but these were filled mostly with catnip. The crushed pills they are shown snorting from the cover of a children's book were harmless dietary supplements.
All of the scenes in which Tracy cut herself were shot in a single day; Wood recalled running to her brother for emotional support between some takes. Wood later described the shooting of the two make out scenes with Javi and Luke as "awkward" because her family was watching behind the scenes. Wood's mother requested that in the scenes with Tracy's bra exposed, that the front of her not be seen on camera. The whole scene with Luke was rendered in a single, long and uncut take with Wood, Reed and Pardue, but was tightly choreographed with several crew members, social workers and parents also in the small room, carefully staying either hidden or behind the camera as it panned more than 200°, showing all four walls.
Thirteen was picked up by Fox Searchlight Pictures after production was completed. The film debuted at the Sundance Film Festival on January 17, 2003. In the United States, it was given a limited release on August 20, 2003 in New York City, followed by its Los Angeles premiere on August 22. At the film's premiere screenings in Manhattan, brochures for Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) were distributed.
During its opening weekend, the film earned $116,260 at the U.S. box office, showing on 5 screens. Its release expanded to 243 theaters on September 19, 2003, and it went on to gross a total of $4,601,043 in the United States before concluding its theatrical run on December 18, 2003. In international markets, it grossed a further $5,527,917, making for a worldwide gross of $10.1 million.
Film critic Roger Ebert awarded the film three-and-a-half out of four stars, writing: "Who is this movie for? Not for most 13-year-olds, that's for sure. The R rating is richly deserved, no matter how much of a lark the poster promises. Maybe the film is simply for those who admire fine, focused acting and writing; Thirteen sets a technical problem that seems insoluble, and meets it brilliantly, finding convincing performances from its teenage stars. showing a parent who is clueless but not uncaring, and a world outside that bedroom window that has big bad wolves, and worse." Elvis Mitchell of The New York Times wrote: "The movie has the ebb and flow that come from material structured as a series of anecdotes—it doesn't build, and sometime feels as cluttered as a 13-year-old's bedroom. But that may be a byproduct of Catherine Hardwicke, making her directorial debut, working to layer incidents that are as far as possible from the weary set of clichés that inform pictures about teenagers. Usually, the protagonist is the bystander—in Thirteen, she's the fuse."
Writing for the Los Angeles Times, Manohla Dargis characterized the film as an "arty exploitation flick," adding: "Only audiences that have been locked inside a bomb shelter for the last 50 years will be shocked by what happens in Thirteen. The clothes are scantier and the music heavier on the bass since James Dean yelled "You're tearing me apart!" to his befuddled father in the mid-1950s melodrama Rebel Without a Cause. But the story about the anguished outsider trying to fit in no matter what hasn't changed much since the movies discovered the troubled teenager." The Washington Post's Laura Stepp noted in her review that the film "portrays adolescence at its most desperate. If you have a daughter in her early teens or almost there, the R-rated film will make you want to run home, hold her tightly for a few minutes and then lock her up while you struggle with all the questions the film raises but doesn't answer."
The Hollywood Reporter called the film "a chilling look at a pair of contemporary Valley girls—13-year-olds who are way beyond their years but also are nearly beyond repair," while the Chicago Tribune's Michael Wilmington called it "an excellent, unforgettable film," but also deemed it "extremely disturbing."
The film has an 81% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 153 reviews with an average rating of 7.3/10. The website's critical consensus reads: "An emotionally wrenching, not to mention terrifying, film about the perils of being a teenager." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 70 out of 100, based on 37 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
|Soundtrack album by |
|Released||August 19, 2003|
The score was written by Mark Mothersbaugh. An official soundtrack was released on August 19, 2003 by Nettwerk Records, which includes songs by Liz Phair, Clinic, Folk Implosion, Imperial Teen, Katy Rose, The Like, and MC 900 Ft. Jesus.
|2.||"Super Bad Girl"||Iffy||4:17|
|5.||"(So I’ll Sit Here) Waiting"||The Like||4:37|
|6.||"Make It With The Best"||Folk Implosion||3:55|
|7.||"Beso" (ft. Kinnie Star)||Carmen Rizzo||3:36|
|8.||"Killer Inside Me" (Meat Beat Manifestation remix)||MC 900 Ft. Jesus||4:53|
|9.||"Explain It To Me"||Liz Phair||3:10|
|11.||"Pay Attention To Me"||Orlando Brown||4:15|
|12.||"Come Sail Away"||Styx||6:04|
|13.||"The Freshest" (ft.Chubb Rock & Trasha Vega)||The Freshmaka||2:52|
|15.||"Bien Caliente"||The Tormentos||4:03|
|16.||"The Shoot Out" (score)||Mark Mothersbaugh||1:09|
|17.||"Hit Me" (score)||Mark Mothersbaugh||1:47|
Awards and nominationsEdit
|Academy Awards||Best Supporting Actress (Holly Hunter)||Nominated|||
|BAFTA Awards||Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Holly Hunter)||Nominated|||
|Golden Globe Awards||Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture (Holly Hunter)||Nominated|||
|Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama (Evan Rachel Wood)||Nominated|||
|Independent Spirit Awards||Best Debut Performance (Nikki Reed)||Won|||
|Best First Feature (Catherine Hardwicke)||Nominated|||
|Best First Screenplay (Catherine Hardwicke, Nikki Reed)||Nominated|||
|Locarno Festival||Silver Leopard Award (Catherine Hardwicke)||Won|||
|Leopard Award for Best Actress (Holly Hunter)||Won|||
|MTV Movie & TV Awards||Breakthrough Female Performance (Evan Rachel Wood)||Nominated|||
|National Board of Review||Special Recognition for Excellence in Filmmaking||Won|||
|Satellite Awards||Best Actress – Drama (Evan Rachel Wood)||Nominated|||
|Best Actress – Drama (Nikki Reed)||Nominated|||
|Best Director (Catherine Hardwicke)||Nominated|||
|Best Supporting Actress – Drama (Holly Hunter)||Nominated|||
|Best Motion Picture – Drama||Nominated|||
|Best Original Screenplay (Catherine Hardwicke, Nikki Reed)||Nominated|||
|Screen Actors Guild Awards||Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role (Evan Rachel Wood)||Nominated|||
|Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role (Holly Hunter)||Nominated|||
|Sundance Film Festival||Directing Award – Dramatic (Catherine Hardwicke)||Won|||
|Grand Jury Prize – Dramatic||Nominated|||
Reed stated in 2012 that she regrets the way she portrayed her family in the autobiographical film, saying, "I wrote this movie about them and their flaws and imperfections and what it was like growing up. It was from one kid's perspective and not a well rounded one. You get older and it's like, how dare I portray my father as being a totally vacant careless schmuck?"
- Leopold, Todd (August 25, 2003). "Director: 'Thirteen' is 'one kid's story'". CNN. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- Wilmington, Michael (August 29, 2003). "'Thirteen' takes you inside for a gritty and honest look at teenage girls' lives". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 30, 2017.
- Los Angeles Daily News (March 12, 2004). "Teen there, done that". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- Cheng, Scarlet (August 22, 2003). "'Thirteen' tells troubling truths". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Louie, Rebecca (August 19, 2003). "LUCKY 'THIRTEEN' Nikki Reed's life was out of control - so she wrote a movie about it". New York Daily News. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Hebron, Sandra (November 1, 2003). "Guardian/NFT Interview: Holly Hunter". The Guardian. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Hardwicke, Catherine, et al. 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment DVD Video Release, Thirteen (Audio commentary). UPC/EAN: 024543106586, 27 January 2004.
- Sweeney 2008, p. 215.
- Gregerson 2009, p. 41.
- Lee, Linda (August 24, 2003). "'Thirteen' as Therapy With an Upright Couch". The New York Times. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Rochlin, Margy (August 10, 2003). "FILM; The Rookie and The 13-Year-Old". The New York Times. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- "2003 Sundance Film Festival - 'Thirteen' Screening". Getty Images. January 17, 2003. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- "Thirteen (2003)". American Film Institute. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
- "Thirteen (2003)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- Ebert, Roger (August 29, 2003). "Thirteen Review". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Mitchell, Elvis (August 20, 2003). "FILM REVIEW; Trading Barbie for Drugs, Sex and Halter Tops". The New York Times. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Dargis, Manohla (August 22, 2003). "Girls go wild". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Stepp, Laura Sessions (August 24, 2003). "'Thirteen': Parental Guidance Rejected". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- "Thirteen (2003)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "Thirteen Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- Phares, Heather. "Thirteen - Original Soundtrack". AllMusic. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- "Thirteen Soundtrack". Amazon. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- Flynn, Gillian (October 3, 2003). "How Thirteen became Holly Hunter's lucky number". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- Kirby, Terry (January 20, 2004). "'Cold Mountain' nominated for 13 Bafta awards". The Independent. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- "Thirteen". GoldenGlobes.com. Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- "Thirteen - Awards + nominations". Fandango. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- "56th Locarno Festival". Pardo.ch. 2003. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- Variety Staff (June 6, 2004). "'King's' the thing at MTV Movie Awards". Variety. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- "2003 Archives". National Board of Review. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- "Thirteen: Awards". Antidote Films. Archived from the original on April 24, 2018. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- Ellison, Jake (May 15, 2013). "Controversial 'Thirteen' turns 10 – Here's the stars, then and now". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- "Films Honored: 1985–2008" (PDF). Sundance.org. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- "Nikki Reed: 'Paul McDonald Is The Kind Of Person I Didn't Have To Sell To Anyone'". The Huffington Post. November 26, 2012. Retrieved April 23, 2018.