They Who Dare
They Who Dare (aka Lewis Milestone's They Who Dare) is a 1954 Second World War war film directed by Lewis Milestone and starring Dirk Bogarde, Denholm Elliott and Akim Tamiroff. The story is based on Operation Anglo that took place during World War II in the Dodecanese islands where special forces attempted to disrupt the Luftwaffe from threatening Allied forces in Egypt. The title of the film is a reference to the motto of the Special Air Service: "Who Dares Wins".
|They Who Dare|
|Directed by||Lewis Milestone|
|Produced by||Aubrey Baring and Maxwell Setton|
|Written by||Robert Westerby (screenplay)|
|Music by||Robert Gill|
|Edited by||Vladimir Sagovsky|
|Distributed by||British Lion Film Corporation|
|Box office||£132,074 (UK)|
During the Second World War, Lieutenant Graham (Dirk Bogarde) is sent on a mission to destroy two German airfields on Rhodes that may threaten Egypt. Under his command, a group of six Special Boat Service, two Greek officers and two local guides are assembled.
The group is taken to Rhodes by submarine and comes ashore at night on a desolate beach. From there, the group has to traverse the mountains to reach its targets. At a pre-designated location, the party splits into two raiding parties. After having infiltrated the air bases, they blow up the aircraft, but two of the raiders are taken prisoner by the Italians.
Hunted by the many enemy patrols, eight of the group are captured and only two, Lieutenant Graham and Sergeant Corcoran (Denholm Elliott), make it back to the pick-up point where they are rescued by the submarine, despite the presence of an unwelcome enemy patrol boat.
- Dirk Bogarde as Lieut. Graham
- Denholm Elliott as Sgt. Corcoran
- Akim Tamiroff as Captain George One
- Harold Siddons as Lieut. Stevens R.N.
- Eric Pohlmann as Captain Papadapoulos
- William Russell (credited as Russell Enoch) as Lieut. Poole
- Gérard Oury as Captain George Two
- Sam Kydd as Marine Boyd
- Peter Burton as Marine Barrett
- David Peel as Sgt. Evans
- Michael Mellinger as Toplis
- Alec Mango as Patroklis
- Anthea Leigh as Marika
- Eileen Way as Greek woman
- Lisa Gastoni as George Two's girlfriend
- Kay Callard as nightclub singer
- George Sandford as Extra (Uncredited)
They Who Dare was partly shot on location in Cyprus and Malta with Walter Milner Barry, a former SBS officer as technical adviser. A survivor of the raid David Sutherland provided a copy of his after action report to screenwriter Robert Westerby..
They Who Dare was re-written by Lewis Milestone. When he handed in the film, producer Setton re-edited it. The film was poorly received critically. Dirk Bogarde recalled one film reviewer referred to it as How Dare They in his review.
The Lebanese Air Force provided a pair of Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 aircraft for the film. Bogarde recalled Lewis Milestone insisting on the cast wearing actual 90 pound/40 kilogram backpacks as he felt actors could not convincingly act as if they were carrying a large amount of weight. The cast had a week of exercises with the packs as the script was polished but the weight was reduced to 60 lbs/27 kg.
Film reviewer Hal Erickson in his appraisal of They Who Dare, said the film was, "... undeservedly the least-known of director Lewis Milestone's sound films. Set in the Aegean sea during World War II, the film recounts the exploits of Britain's Special Boat Squadron. ... Robert Westerby is credited with the screenplay of 'They Who Dare', and Lewis Milestone insisted the story was taken verbatim from the reminiscences of the squadron's two survivors."[N 1]
- Dirk Bogarde recalled, "the film was improvised as they went along."
- Porter, Vincent. "The Robert Clark Account". Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Vol. 20, No 4, 2000, p. 501.
- Pendo 1985, p. 175.
- "Obituaries: Commander Michael St John." The Telegraph, 22 March 2009. Retrieved: 2 July 2011.
- Sutherland 1998, p. 92.
- Harper and Porter 2003, pp. 178–180.
- Coldstream, John. Dirk Bogarde: The Authorised Biography. London: Hachette UK, 2011. ISBN 978-0-75381-985-2.
- Bogarde 1998, p. 136.
- Erickson,. Hal. "Review: 'They Who Dare'." Allmovie.com, 2019. Retrieved: 5 August 2019.
- Bogarde, Dirk. Snakes and Ladders. London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 1998. ISBN 978-0-14010-539-1.
- Harper, Sue and Vincent Porter. British Cinema of the 1950s: The Decline of Deference. London: Oxford University Press, 2003. ISBN 978-0-19815-935-3.
- Pendo, Stephen. Aviation in the Cinema. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 1985. ISBN 978-0-81081-746-3.
- Sutherland, David. He Who Dares: Recollections of Service in the SAS, SBS and MI5. London: Pen and Sword, 1998. ISBN 978-0-85052-643-1.