After action report
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An after action report (or AAR) is any form of retrospective analysis on a given sequence of goal-oriented actions previously undertaken, generally by the author themselves.
The two principal forms of AARs are the literary AAR, intended for recreational use, and the analytical AAR, exercised as part of a process of performance evaluation and improvement, while in most cases AARs are a combination of both.
Analytical AARs are formal documents, intended to serve as aids to performance evaluation and improvement, by registering situation-response interactions, analysing critical procedures, determining their effectiveness and efficiency, and proposing adjustments and recommendations.
Analytical AARs have three central objectives:
- Identifying problematic issues and needs for improvement
- Proposing measures to counteract problematic elements
- Obtaining “lessons learned”1
- Goals and objectives
- Analysis of outcomes
- Analysis of the performance shown on critical tasks