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Theodore Fitz Randolph

Theodore Fitz Randolph (June 24, 1826 – November 7, 1883) was an American Democratic Party politician, who served as the 22nd Governor of New Jersey from 1869 to 1872, and represented the state in the United States Senate for a single term, from 1875 to 1881. He was the son of US Representative James F. Randolph.

Theodore Fitz Randolph
Theodore Fitz Randolph - Brady-Handy.jpg
United States Senator
from New Jersey
In office
March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1881
Preceded byJohn P. Stockton
Succeeded byWilliam J. Sewell
22nd Governor of New Jersey
In office
January 19, 1869 – January 16, 1872
Preceded byMarcus L. Ward
Succeeded byJoel Parker
Member of the New Jersey General Assembly
In office
Member of the New Jersey Senate
In office
Personal details
Born(1826-06-24)June 24, 1826
Mansfield, Pennsylvania
DiedNovember 7, 1883(1883-11-07) (aged 57)
Morristown, New Jersey
Political partyDemocratic


Born in Mansfield, Tioga County, Pennsylvania, Randolph attended the common schools of New Brunswick, New Jersey. He engaged in the coal and iron business, moved to Vicksburg, Mississippi and engaged in business in 1840. He returned to New Jersey and settled in Jersey City, New Jersey in 1852, became interested in mining and the transportation of ores and was president of the Morris and Essex Railroad. Randolph was elected as a member of the New Jersey General Assembly in 1859 and served in the New Jersey Senate from 1862 to 1863. He was elected Governor of New Jersey, serving in office from 1869 to 1872.

Randolph was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1875 to March 3, 1881. In the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs in the Forty-sixth United States Congress.

Randolph invented a stitching machine and a steam typewriter.

He was also one of the executors of the estate of American entrepreneur, industrialist and banking magnate Abel Minard.[1]

Randolph died in Morristown, Morris County, New Jersey, and is interred in Evergreen Cemetery, Morristown.[2]


  1. ^ New York Times February 21, 1871. The Will of the Late Abel Minard
  2. ^ "Hon. Theodore F. Randolph". Hartford Courant. November 7, 1883. Retrieved 2009-12-30. Theodore Fitz Randolph, ex-United States senator and ex-governor of New Jersey, died suddenly Wednesday morning at his home in Morristown, N. J. He had not been in good health for some time, but had not been seriously ill. His death is attributed to heart disease. Mr. Randolph was born in New Brunswick, N. J., June 24, 1826. After receiving an ordinary...

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