The Life of Riley
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The Life of Riley was an American radio situation comedy series of the 1940s that was adapted into a 1949 feature film, a long-running 1950s television series, and a 1958 comic book.
An unrelated radio show with the name Life of Riley was a summer replacement show heard on CBS from April 12, 1941, to September 6, 1941. The CBS program starred Lionel Stander as J. Riley Farnsworth and had no real connection with the more famous series that followed a few years later.
The title may originate with James Whitcomb Riley's poems in the 1880s depicting the comforts of a prosperous home life,[according to whom?] or it could have its origin in the Irish Reilly clan. Having consolidated their hold on County Cavan they minted their own money which was accepted as legal tender even in England. These coins, called "O'Reillys" and "Reillys," became synonymous with a monied person, and a gentleman freely spending was therefore "living on his Reillys."
The radio program originally starred Jackie Gleason as Riley for one truncated season, then William Bendix for six seasons. Initially aired on the Blue Network (later known as ABC) from January 16, 1944, to July 8, 1945, it then moved to NBC, where it was broadcast from September 8, 1945, to June 29, 1951.
Irving Brecher pitched the radio series for friend Groucho Marx under the title The Flotsam Family but the sponsor balked at what would have been essentially a straight head-of-household role for Marx. Brecher then saw William Bendix as taxicab company owner Tim McGuerin in Hal Roach's The McGuerins from Brooklyn (1942). Radio historian Gerald Nachman quotes Brecher as stating, "He was a Brooklyn guy and there was something about him. I thought, This guy could play it. He'd made a few films, like Lifeboat, but he was not a name. So I took The Flotsam Family script, revised it, made it a Brooklyn Family, took out the flippancies and made it more meat-and-potatoes, and thought of a new title, The Life of Riley. Bendix's delivery and the spin he put on his lines made it work."
The reworked script cast Bendix as blundering Chester A. Riley, a wing riveter at the fictional Cunningham Aircraft plant in California. His frequent exclamation of indignation—"What a revoltin' development this is!"—became one of the most famous catchphrases of the 1940s. It was later reused by Benjamin J. Grimm of the Fantastic Four. The radio series also benefited from the immense popularity of a supporting character, Digby "Digger" O'Dell (John Brown), "the friendly undertaker." Brecher told Brown, "I want a very sepulchral voice, quavering, morbid, and he got it right away."
The supporting cast featured Paula Winslowe as Riley's wife, Peg, and as Riley's mother-in law; John Brown as undertaker "Digger" O'Dell, and as Riley's co-worker Jim Gillis; Francis "Dink" Trout as Waldo Binny; Tommy Cook, Bobby Ellis and Scotty Beckett as Junior at various times during the show's run; Sharon Douglas as Riley's daughter, Babs; Shirley Mitchell as Honeybee Gillis; Hans Conried as Uncle Baxter; and, Alan Reed as multiple characters, including Riley's boss (Mr. Stevenson) and Peg's father. Henry Morgan voiced Riley's father in one episode.
Mitchell's Gillis often gave Riley bad information that got him into trouble, whereas Brown's Digger gave him good information that "helped him out of a hole," as he might have put it. Brown's lines as the undertaker were often repetitive, including puns based on his profession; but thanks to Brown's delivery, the audience loved him. The program was broadcast live with a studio audience, most of whom were not aware Brown played both characters. As a result, when Digger delivered his first line, it was usually greeted with howls of laughter and applause from surprised audience members.
The series was co-developed by the nonperforming Marx Brother turned agent Gummo. The American Meat Institute (1944–45), Procter & Gamble (Teel dentifrice and Prell shampoo) (1945–49), and Pabst Blue Ribbon beer (1949–51) took turns as the radio program's sponsor.
William Bendix also starred in the 1949 film version of The Life of Riley directed by Irving Brecher. It earned $1.6 million in the US and Canada., preventing him from starring in the TV series that began in the same year.
|The Life of Riley (television)|
Jackie Gleason (1949-1950)|
William Bendix (1953-1958)
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||6|
|Running time||30 minutes|
|Original release||October 4, 1949 – August 22, 1958|
In 1948, NBC broadcast "two live television test programs based on the radio series." The April 13 episode starred Herb Vigran as Riley, and the April 20 episode had Buddy Gray in the title role.
The NBC adaptation, also created by Irving Brecher, was a single-season series from October 4, 1949, to March 28, 1950. Originally, William Bendix was to have appeared on both radio and TV, but Bendix's RKO Radio Pictures movie contract prevented him from appearing on the TV version. Instead, Jackie Gleason starred, with Rosemary DeCamp replacing Paula Winslowe as wife Peg, Gloria Winters as daughter Barbara (Babs), Lanny Rees as son Chester Jr. (Junior), and Sid Tomack as Jim Gillis, Riley's manipulative best buddy and next-door neighbor. John Brown returned as the morbid, counseling undertaker Digby (Digger) O'Dell.
Life of Riley won the first Emmy Award (for "Best Film Made For and Shown on Television") with Groucho Marx receiving a credit for the story. However, it came to an end after 26 episodes because Irving Brecher and sponsor Pabst Brewing Company reached an impasse on extending the series for a full 39-week season.
- Episode 1: Tonsils
- Episode 2: Babs and Simon Step Out
- Episode 3: Egbert's Chemistry Set
- Episode 4: The French Professor
- Episode 5: The Nervous Breakdown
- Episode 6: Assistant Manager with Mary Treen
- Episode 7: Riley's Birthday Gift
- Episode 8: Riley, Gills, and Vanderhopper, Inc.
- Episode 9: Junior Falls for Teacher
- Episode 10: Night School
- Episode 11: Prom Dress
- Episode 12: Junior's Birthday Present
- Episode 13: The Border
- Episode 14: Peg's Birthday
- Episode 15: Junior Drops Out
- Episode 16: Riley's Firstborn
- Episode 17: Insurance
- Episode 18: The Gambler
- Episode 19: Acting Lessons
- Episode 20: Valentine's Day
- Episode 21: Home Sweet Home
- Episode 22: South American Job
- Episode 23: Riley's Quarrel
- Episode 24: Junior and the Bully
- Episode 25: The Banned Book
- Episode 26: Five Dollar Bill
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The second TV series ran for six seasons, from January 2, 1953, to May 23, 1958. It was produced by Tom McKnight for NBC and featured William Bendix. He was supported by Marjorie Reynolds, replacing both Paula Winslowe and Rosemary DeCamp, as wife Peg; Tom D'Andrea as schemer buddy Jim Gillis; Gloria Blondell (sister of Joan Blondell) as Gillis' wife, Honeybee; Lugene Sanders as daughter Babs; and Wesley Morgan as son Junior. This Life of Riley series with Bendix was a ratings hit, ranking at #16 in its first season, with four of its six seasons in the top 30, and ran for a total of 217 episodes. It then went into syndicated reruns. The latter portion of the fifth season, broadcast between April and June 1957, was filmed and originally broadcast in color, although only black-and-white film prints of those episodes were syndicated. For the final season, filming reverted to black-and-white. Sponsors of the TV show included Pabst Blue Ribbon Beer (1949–50), Gulf Oil (1953–58) and Lever Brothers (1957–58).
In all of the show's incarnations, the comedic plotlines centered around Riley himself, a gullible and occasionally clumsy (but big-hearted) man, and the doings and undoings of his family. Riley's penchant for turning mere trouble into near-disaster through his well-intentioned bumbling was often aided or instigated by his arch best friend/next-door neighbor, Gillis.
In several ways, Riley was a prototype for later blue-collar sitcom protagonists such as blustery, get-rich-quick schemer Ralph Kramden (played, perhaps not coincidentally, by Jackie Gleason) and his animated stone-age counterpart Fred Flintstone; blustery bigot Archie Bunker; benign, bighearted Dan Conner; and King of Queens Doug Heffernan. Perhaps the greatest tribute to The Life of Riley was paid by Married... with Children: Ed O'Neill's language and manner of speaking as Al Bundy are remarkably similar to Bendix's, and Al's wife, like Riley's, is named Peg. Bendix's Riley, especially, was perhaps too guileless to be the true prototype for this group, but for making blue-collar characters as operable on television as on radio or in film, Chester Riley earned his place in broadcasting history.[neutrality is disputed]
- Dunning, John (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. Oxford University Press. pp. 396–397. ISBN 978-0-19-507678-3. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
- James Whitcomb Riley: The Life of Riley
- Nachman, Gerald (1998). Raised on Radio. University of California Press, by arrangement with Pantheon Books. pp. 246–248. ISBN 0-520-22303-9. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
- Sies, Luther F. (2014). Encyclopedia of American Radio, 1920-1960, 2nd Edition, Volume 1. McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-5149-4. P. 397.
- "Top Grossers of 1949". Variety. 4 January 1950. p. 59.
- Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows - 1946-Present (Ninth edition). p. 790. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4.
- Terrace, Vincent (1999). Radio Programs, 1924-1984: A Catalog of More Than 1800 Shows. McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-4513-4. P. 199.
- Terrace, Vincent (2011). Encyclopedia of Television Shows, 1925 through 2010. McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-6477-7. P. 602.
- "The Blade's Log of Radio and Television Programs (9:00 p.m.)". The Toledo Blade (Ohio). 1950-05-08. Retrieved 2018-06-24.
- Brooks, Marla. The American Family on Television: A Chronology of 121 Shows, 1948–2004. Jefferson NC: McFarland. pp. 16–117. ISBN 978-0786420742.
|Look up life of Riley in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Life of Riley.|
- Museum of Broadcast Communications: The Life of Riley
- OTR webcast schedule
- The Life of Riley on IMDb (1949 TV series starring Jackie Gleason)
- The Life of Riley on IMDb (1953 TV series starring William Bendix)
- The Life of Riley on IMDb (1949 feature film starring William Bendix)
- Zoot Radio, free old time radio show downloads of Life of Riley
- Life of Riley on Outlaws Old Time Radio Corner
- Several radio and television episodes of The Life of Riley are available for free download at the Internet Archive