King's School, Worcester
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The King's School, Worcester is an English independent school refounded by Henry VIII in 1541. It occupies a site adjacent to Worcester Cathedral on the banks of the River Severn in the centre of the city of Worcester. It offers mixed-sex mainstream education that follows the UK National Curriculum to around 1,465 pupils aged 2 to 18. At age 11, approximately two thirds of pupils join the senior school from its two junior schools, King's Hawford and King's St Albans, while others come from maintained schools in the city of Worcester and the surrounding areas that include Malvern, Redditch, Kidderminster, Evesham and Pershore.
|The King's School, Worcester|
5 College Green
|Type||Independent day school|
|Motto||τα μεν διδακτά μανθάνω,|
τα δ' ευρετά ζητώ,
τα δ' ευκτά παρά θεών ητησάμην.
I learn what may be taught;
I seek what may be sought;
My other wants I dare
To ask from Heaven in prayer.
— Sophocles apud Plutarch (Moralia)
|Religious affiliation(s)||Church of England|
|Founder||Henry VIII (refoundation)|
|Department for Education URN||117037 Tables|
|Chairman||Hugh B. Carslake|
|Headmaster||Jon Ricketts (acting)|
|Age||2 to 18|
|Houses||9 (+ 3 discontinued)|
|Colour(s)||Navy Blue and White|
|Former pupils||Old Vigornians|
The King's, Worcester group consists of three different schools. These include:
- King's Hawford: (ages 2–11, c.320 pupils), formerly an autonomous fee-paying prep school named Hawford Lodge, purchased by King's in 1992, situated north of central Worcester. No recommendations were made in the 2008 inspection.
- King's St Alban's: (ages 2–11, c.215 pupils), formerly the Cathedral Choir School, amalgamated with King's in 1943, situated adjacent to the senior school. St Alban's includes a pre-prep department for ages 4–7, opened September 2009.
- King's Worcester: (ages 11–18, c.930 pupils), the senior school.
The senior school is situated on Worcester's College Green, a space between Worcester Cathedral and the east bank of the River Severn. Many of the school's buildings on the Green are leased from the cathedral, including College Hall (formerly the monastic refectory, for many years the school's only teaching hall, and currently an assembly hall) and Edgar Tower, the medieval gatehouse to College Green, which for many years housed the school library. The school and the cathedral maintain a close relationship, with the school providing cathedral choristers and using the cathedral for major services. The most senior members of school staff, the cathedral choristers, and the school's King's and Queen's Scholars are ex officio members of the cathedral foundation, while the school is required by statute to have the cathedral Dean and Chapter represented on its governing body.
The school owns extensive land next to New Road cricket ground across the river, used as sports pitches and fields. The school also owns an outward bound centre, the Old Chapel near Crickhowell in Mid Wales.
Following the dissolution of the monastery in 1540, the new cathedral foundation included provision for a choir school for ten cathedral choristers and tuition for forty King's Scholars. The school was one of seven "King's Schools" established or re-endowed by Henry VIII following the dissolution. On 7 December 1541, Henry VIII appointed the school's first headmaster, John Pether, by means of a letter to Richard Rich. One early headmaster, Henry Bright is mentioned in Thomas Fuller’s Worthies of England, and is commemorated in Worcester Cathedral.
The school was managed by the cathedral Dean and Chapter until 1884, when Headmaster W.E. Bolland's New Scheme introduced governance by a separate Governing Body, on which the Chapter nonetheless retained a majority. From its inception until the construction of School House in 1888, all teaching was conducted in College Hall, the former monastic refectory.
From 1945 to 1976, the school participated in the direct grant scheme, accepting pupils funded by central government on a competitive basis. The school first admitted girls in small numbers to the sixth form in 1971, prior to the establishment of College House in 1977, which housed 21 girls. In 1989 the decision was made to make the school fully co-educational, with girls entering the Lower Fourth (Year 7) by 1992. Having accommodated boarders since its inception, the final boarders left in July 1999.
King's follows the GCSE, iGCSE and A-level curricula. In 2012, 82.9% of A-levels taken were graded A* to B; 66.4% of all GCSEs were graded A* or A. In 2016, 72% were A* or A and in 2017, 70%.[better source needed]
Latin (or Classical Civilisation for the bottom third of the pupils in the Lower Remove) is compulsory during the first three years of senior school.
Pupils start the GCSE course proper in the Upper Remove, and (usually) sit GCSE exams at the end of the Fifth Form. It is customary for pupils to take ten GCSEs, though a few take eleven or twelve.
In 2017, King's was top in the country for Cambridge Pre-U Qualification results, with over 88% of students receiving D1 or D2 and 100% receiving between D1, D2, D3 or M1, according to [The Times].
The school has an artist-in-residence and actor-in-residence, provides one-to-one LAMDA tuition and has several performance venues, including the Keyes Building, College Hall and the John Moore Theatre. Art exhibitions, plays, musicals, dance showcases and other performances are staged across the age range. Partly due to its links with the cathedral the school has a musical tradition.
The school has achieved success at rowing, and maintains a boathouse on the River Severn. The school also has an indoor swimming pool on the senior school campus and an outdoor pool at Hawford. Several sports undertake regular tours abroad.
The school produces three pupil-authored publications: Stepping Fourth (for the Fourth Forms, years 7–8), The Removes' Gazette (for the Removes, years 9–10) and Term Time a Sixth Form magazine, first published in summer 2010, as a replacement for the defunct King's Herald newspaper. The King's Herald was an annual newspaper written, compiled and formatted in a single day and submitted to a national competition which it won three times.[better source needed] The school also runs a creative writing club and annual competition, and regular Sixth-Form Soundbites evenings devoted to literature, music and wine. The debating club meets weekly, and pupils regularly participate in regional and national debating and public speaking contests.
Year classification systemEdit
The school uses its own class nomenclature. In the main section of the school (ages 11–18), the classification runs as follows:
|7||Lower Fourth (L4)||The Start of the Senior School.|
|8||Upper Fourth (U4)||The Year which determines who are awarded King's and Queen's Scholarships.|
|9||Lower Remove (LR)||The start of the house system.|
|10||Upper Remove (UR)||The start of the GCSE course.|
|11||Fifth Form (FF)||GCSE exams taken.|
|12||Lower Sixth (L6)||AS-level exams taken.|
|13||Upper Sixth (U6)||A2-level exams taken.|
Upon reaching the 'Lower Remove', pupils are assigned to one of the following houses (listed with their respective colours):
|House||House Colours||Eponym||Type & Timespan|
|Red||Castle House building
(named for Worcester Castle)
|Yellow||William Haighton Chappel,
|Dark Blue||Choir House building
Headmaster 1919–36 & 1940–42
|Light Blue & Yellow||F. Ronald Kittermaster,
|Red & White||Saint Oswald,
Bishop of Worcester 961–992
|Light Blue||School House building||Boarding, 1888–1991;|
Bishop of Worcester 1062–1095
|House||House Colours||Eponym||Type & Timespan|
|Green||The Hostel building||Boarding, 1903–1999|
|College||College House building||Girls, Boarding, 1977–1999|
Archdeacon of Worcester 1961–1975
|Girls, Day House, 1986–1991|
Castle, Choir, Hostel and School Houses, all former boarding houses, are named for the buildings which originally housed them. As boarding diminished during the 1990s, these houses either converted to day houses (School and Choir), or were discontinued (Castle and Hostel). The remaining houses, which originated as day-boys' houses, are named for former school headmasters (Saint Oswald and Saint Wulstan, both Bishops of Worcester, being regarded as "headmasters" of the former monastic school).
All former pupils are considered to be Old Vigornians, and can use the post-nominal letters OV. Predecessor institutions are not considered: only those who attended King's from its refoundation in 1541 onwards are listed below.
|Politics and Law:|
|Edward Winslow||(1595–1655)||Pilgrim Father, Governor of Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts|
|Sir John Vaughan||(1603–1674)||Judge and statesman, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas|
|Lord Somers||(1651–1716)||Lawyer and statesman, Lord Chancellor|
|John Porter-Porter||(1855–1939)||Politician, Senator (Ulster Unionist) in the Senate of Northern Ireland|
|Sir Stephen Tomlinson||(1952–)||Judge, Lord Justice of Appeal|
|Sir Julian Flaux||(1955–)||Judge, Lord Justice of Appeal|
|Richard Bacon||(1962–)||Politician, MP (Conservative) for South Norfolk|
|Ashley Fox||(1969–)||Politician, MEP (Conservative) for South West England, leader of the Conservatives in the European parliament|
|Sir Jack Longland||(1905–1993)||Educational administrator, mountain climber, broadcaster|
|Sir Richard Tilt||(1944–)||Director General of HM Prison Service, Chairman of the Social Security Advisory Committee|
|Lord Garden||(1944–2007)||RAF Air Marshal, Assistant Chief of the Air Staff; Director of Chatham House|
|Roger Maynwaring||(1582–1653)||Dean of Worcester and Bishop of St David's, chaplain to Charles I|
|Thomas Warmestry||(1610–1665)||Dean of Worcester|
|Anthony Williams||(1892–1975)||Bishop of Bermuda|
|Seiriol Evans||(1894–1984)||Dean of Gloucester|
|Sir Philip Strong||(1899–1983)||Bishop of New Guinea and Archbishop of Brisbane|
|Alistair Magowan||(1955–)||Bishop of Ludlow|
|Academia and Education:|
|Robert Harris||(1581–1658)||President of Trinity College, Oxford, member of the Westminster Assembly|
|Hannibal Potter||(1592–1664)||President of Trinity College, Oxford, royalist|
|William Dugard||(1606–1662)||Schoolmaster, textbook writer and publisher, associate of John Milton|
|Thomas Good||(1609–1678)||Master of Balliol College, Oxford|
|Thomas Hall||(1610–1665)||Schoolmaster, radical presbyterian clergyman|
|Alexander Pearce Higgins||(1865–1935)||International law scholar; Professor, London School of Economics, University of Cambridge|
|Martin Lowson||(1938–2013)||Aeronautical engineer; Professor, University of Bristol|
|Godfrey Hewitt||(1940–2013)||Evolutionary biologist; Professor, University of East Anglia|
|Anthony J. Culyer||(1942–)||Economist specialising in health policy; Professor, University of York, University of Toronto|
|Commerce and Industry:|
|Dr John Wall||(1708–1776)||Physician, founder of the Royal Worcester porcelain company|
|Tony Garrett||(1918–2017)||Businessman, Chairman of Imperial Tobacco|
|Lord Wolfson||(1927–2010)||Businessman and philanthropist, Chairman of GUS|
|Sir Geoffrey Mulcahy||(1942–)||Businessman, Chief Executive of Kingfisher plc|
|Samuel Butler||(1613–1680)||Poet and satirist, author of Hudibras|
|Treadway Russell Nash||(1724–1811)||Worcestershire antiquarian and historian|
|Jonathan Raban||(1942–)||Travel writer and literary critic|
The school produced several notable musicians under the organist Harry Bramma (Director of Music 1965–76).
|Hugh Blair||(1864–1932)||Organist of Worcester Cathedral and Holy Trinity Church, Marylebone; composer|
|Stephen Cleobury||(1948–2019)||Organist, Director of Music at King's College, Cambridge|
|Nicholas Cleobury||(1950–)||Organist, conductor of the Britten Sinfonia and the Oxford Bach Choir|
|Andrew Millington||(1952–)||Organist, Director of Music at Guildford Cathedral and Exeter Cathedral|
|Stephen Darlington||(1952–)||Organist, Director of Music at St Albans Cathedral and Christ Church, Oxford|
|Jonathan Darlington||(1956–)||Conductor of the Duisburg Philharmonic Orchestra and Music Director of Vancouver Opera|
|Adrian Partington||(1958–)||Organist, Director of Music at Gloucester Cathedral and Artistic Director of the BBC National Chorus of Wales|
|Geoffrey Webber||(1959–)||Organist, Director of Music at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge|
|Jonathan Nott||(1962–)||Prinipal conductor of the Bamberg Symphony Orchestra and the Tokyo Symphony Orchestra|
|Acting and Comedy:|
|Samuel Foote||(1720–1777)||Comic actor and dramatist|
|Clifford Rose||(1929–)||Actor: Secret Army, Wallis & Edward|
|Rik Mayall||(1958–2014)||Comedian and actor: The Young Ones, The New Statesman, Bottom|
|Jonathan Dow||(1965–)||Actor: No Job for a Lady, The Bill, Cardiac Arrest|
|Journalism and Broadcasting:|
|Clive Everton||(1937–)||BBC snooker commentator, journalist and author|
|Chris Tarrant||(1946–)||Television and radio broadcaster, host of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?|
|Jeremy Thompson||(1947–)||Journalist, news presenter for Sky News|
|Mark Webster||(1953–)||Journalist, news correspondent for ITN|
|Will Buxton||(1981–)||Formula One presenter and reporter for Liberty Media|
|Brian Brain||(1940–)||Cricketer for Worcestershire County Cricket Club|
|Derek Bell||(1941–)||Racing driver|
|David Townsend||(1955–)||Rower, Bronze medallist at the 1980 Olympics|
|Luke Narraway||(1983–)||Rugby union player for Gloucester Rugby, USA Perpignan, London Irish and Coventry R.F.C.|
|Zac Purchase||(1986–)||Rower, Gold medallist at the 2008 Olympics and Silver medallist at the 2012 Olympics|
|Josh Tongue||(1997–)||Cricketer for Worcestershire County Cricket Club|
|Sir Edward Kelley||(1555–1597/98)||Occultist and spirit medium|
|Francis Potter||(1594–1678)||Clergyman, theorist on the Number of the Beast and on blood transfusion|
|Tim Dinsdale||(1924–1987)||Loch Ness Monster hunter|
- "Matthew Armstrong". King's Worcester. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
- ISI report October 2005[permanent dead link]. Retrieved 28 July 2009.
- 2008 Hawford Kindergarten Ofsted Report Archived 2011-07-28 at the Wayback Machine.
- The Old Chapel Archived 2012-08-03 at Archive.today. Ksw.org.uk. Retrieved on 2010-12-24.
- Fuller, Thomas (1811) The Worthies of England, reprinted by John Nichols (1811) and by P. A. Nuttall (1840) Vol.1 Vol.2 Vol.3 at books.google.
- Payne, Danny, ed. (2015). The King's School, Worcester - From 1541 into the 21st Century. The King's School, Worcester. pp. 70–72, 59. ISBN 9780952350781.
- Exam Results Archived 2012-08-03 at Archive.today
- King's School, Worcester Exam results Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
- CCF Archived 2012-09-03 at Archive.today. Ksw.org.uk. Retrieved on 2010-12-24.
- Clubs and Societies. Ksw.org.uk. Retrieved on 2010-12-24.
- Secondary sources
- Craze, Michael (1972). King's School, Worcester: 1541–1971. The Trinity Press. ASIN B0007C8RTW.
- History of the School - The King's School Worcester. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.
- Roslington, Caroline (1994). The King's School, Worcester and a History of its Site. The King"s School Worcester. ASIN B007SFVM52.