Open main menu

The KLF discography

This discography lists the key British and notable international releases of The KLF and the other pseudonyms of Bill Drummond and Jimmy Cauty. It also details the other releases on their independent record label, KLF Communications, by KLF-spinoff Disco 2000 and Space (Cauty's solo work). In the United Kingdom—their home country—Drummond and Cauty released six albums and a wide array of 12 " singles on KLF Communications. In other territories their material was typically issued under licence by local labels.

Although the duo's early works as The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu (The JAMs) aroused media interest, with many singles being awarded "single of the week" by various music publications,[1] Drummond and Cauty neither sought nor found mainstream chart success until the release of The Timelords' million-selling DIY release "Doctorin' the Tardis" in May 1988.[2] The KLF's single "Kylie Said to Jason", from The White Room soundtrack, was designed for chart success, but failed to reach the UK Top 100.[3] However, The KLF achieved international chart success with the string of pop-house singles that began with "What Time Is Love? (Live at Trancentral)", and they became the internationally highest-selling singles band of 1991.[4][5]

Note that this is a not a complete list; compilation appearances of otherwise available tracks, bootleg recordings, and certain very limited edition remix and promotional singles have been excluded.[6]


Year Artist Album information Peak chart positions
UK Indie
1987 The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu 1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?) 5
1988 The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu Who Killed The JAMs?
  • Released: 8 February 1988
  • Label: KLF Communications
  • Catalogue number: JAMS LP2

The original vinyl LP came with the first KLF 'release', KLF Communications KLF 001: "The 1987 Completist List", the label's complete discography at the time.[16]

1989 The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu/The KLF Shag Times
  • Released: 16 January 1989
  • Label: KLF Communications
  • Catalogue number: JAMS DLP 3

Compilation album. A similar compilation was issued on TVT Records in the USA as The History of The JAMs a.k.a. The Timelords.

The KLF/Various Artists The "What Time Is Love?" Story
  • Released: 25 September 1989
  • Label: KLF Communications
  • Catalogue number: JAMS LP 4
1990 The KLF Chill Out
  • Released: 5 February 1990
  • Label: KLF Communications
  • Catalogue number: JAMS LP 5
Space Space
  • Released: 16 July 1990
  • Label: KLF Communications
  • Catalogue number: SPACE LP1
1991 The KLF The White Room
  • Released: 4 March 1991
  • Label: KLF Communications
  • Catalogue number: JAMS LP 6
3 5 13 11 12 13 39
1997 Kopyright Liberation Front (The KLF) Waiting for the Rights of Mu
  • Released: 13 October 1997
  • Label: Echo Beach
  • Catalogue number: EBSC8/EB814

Presumed to be a bootleg release but was sold for a limited time through normal retail channels.[17]


"—" denotes releases that did not chart


Year Single Peak chart positions Certifications
(sales thresholds)
UK [7][18] UK

1987 "All You Need Is Love" 3 1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?)
"Whitney Joins The JAMs" 4 Singles only
"1987 (The JAMS 45 Edits)" 35
"Down Town" 5
1988 "Burn the Bastards" 15 Who Killed The JAMs?
"Doctorin' the Tardis" (as The Timelords) 1 1 2 4 25 10 66 16 Singles only
1989 "Kylie Said to Jason" 6
1990 "What Time Is Love?" 5 73 23 15 14 23 13 The White Room
1991 "3 a.m. Eternal" 1 3 7 5 5 2 4 5 1
"Last Train to Trancentral" 2 5 6 1 4 5 6 17
"America: What Time Is Love?" 4 40 3 4 4 2 6 3 57 10 Singles only
"It's Grim Up North" 10 26
"Justified & Ancient" 2 3 1 4 2 3 1 2 11 2 The White Room
1997 "Fuck the Millennium" (as 2K) 28 29 Single only
"—" denotes that the release did not chart

Remixes and production workEdit

The following tracks were remixed by The KLF:

Year Original artist Song Remix
1990 Depeche Mode "Policy of Truth" "Trancentral Mix"
Pet Shop Boys "So Hard" "The KLF vs Pet Shop Boys"
"It Must Be Obvious" "UFO Mix"
1991 Moody Boys "What Is Dub?" "Kings of Low Frequency Dub Version"
"Dub Is What?"

In 1989, as The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu, the duo produced the Moody Boys' single "First National Rapper" and its B-side, "Funky Zulu".

Compilation appearancesEdit

The following tracks and remixes were made available only on Various Artists compilation albums. Compilation appearances by tracks which were also released on an album or single are not included. Mixes for DJs and megamixes are also excluded.

Year Artist Song Compilation Album
1989 Discotec 2000 "Feel This" Eternity Project One
1990 The KLF "Build a Fire (Lenny Dee Remix)"[29] Energy - DJ's In The House
1991 The KLF "What Time Was Love"[30] Give Peace A Dance: A CND Compilation
1995 One World Orchestra "The Magnificent" The Help Album


The KLFEdit

All titles credited to The KLF and released on VHS video.

Year Title Notes
1990 Waiting KLF VT007. Ambient house film with an original soundtrack.
1991 The Stadium House Trilogy Picture Music International. Video performances of "3 a.m. Eternal", "Last Train to Trancentral", and "What Time Is Love?"; and a new instrumental piece, "This Is Not What The KLF Is About".
The Rites of Mu Promotional VHS only; KLF VT014. "Documentary" filmed on the island of Jura. Aired on MTV Europe, 24 June 1992.

K FoundationEdit

The following K Foundation films have all had public screenings, but have not been released on any home video format.

Year Title Notes
1994 Watch the K Foundation Burn a Million Quid 55 minutes of footage showing the K Foundation (Cauty and Drummond) burning one million pounds. Premiered on 23 August 1995 on the island of Jura.
1995 Pissing in the Wind Footage of Drummond, Cauty and Mark Hawker urinating into the wind. Shot on 3 November 1995 and premiered at Glasgow University on the same day.
1997 This Brick 4 minutes of a still picture of a brick made from the ashes of the million pounds incinerated by the K Foundation. Premiered at the Barbican Hall, London on 17 September 1997.


Year Authors Title Publisher ISBN
1988 Jimmy Cauty
Bill Drummond
The Manual (How to Have a Number One the Easy Way) KLF Publications ISBN 0-86359-616-9
2017 Jimmy Cauty
Bill Drummond
2023: a trilogy by The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu Faber & Faber ISBN 9780571342242


The following KLF projects were announced but not released. Some of these, but by no means all, circulate as bootleg recordings/videos; some may not have been recorded at all.[31]

Year Format Project Notes
1988 Flexidisc "Deep Shit (Part 1)" Given catalogue number DS 1. KLF Communications Information Sheet 8 (1990) claimed that 500 copies had been pressed but had "never been deemed safe to release".[3]
Graphic novel "Deep Shit (The Further Adventures Of The Justified Ancients Of Mu Mu)" A comic book or graphic novel drawn by Cauty (with words by Drummond) was mentioned in NME and The Face and various KLF Information Sheets.[32][33][34]
Single "Love Trance" ["Pure Trance 3"] KLF 006. Sleeves and labels printed.
Single "Turn Up the Strobe" ["Pure Trance 4"] KLF 007. Sleeves printed.
Single "E-Train To Trancentral" ["Pure Trance 5"] KLF 008. Sleeves and labels printed.
Single "The Lovers' Side" ["Pure Trance 5"] This song also featured on the unreleased version of the album The White Room (see below).
1989 Single "Deep Shit (Part 3)" KLF 010R. Reportedly, 6 copies were pressed.[3]
Album The White Room - Original Motion Picture Soundtrack JAMS LP4. Very different from the White Room album eventually released, this widely bootlegged recording was scrapped after the commercial failure of the single "Kylie Said to Jason".[3]
Film The White Room KLF VT006. The KLF's road movie. A rough version was completed in 1989, before The KLF decided to film an "Outer Film" to augment it.[3] This was never completed. The "Inner Film" has been screened privately, and bootleg copies of it circulate.
1992 Album The Black Room The KLF started work on a final album, but it remains unfinished and unissued.[35]

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ See the Library of Mu: list of "singles of the week". Retrieved 31 May 2006.
  2. ^ Shaw, William; Klein, Ea; Rogatko, A; Herr, Hw (July 1992). "Who Killed The KLF?". Select. Vol. 147 no. 3. pp. 601–5. ISSN 0022-5347. PMID 1538437.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e "Information Sheet Eight" (Press release). KLF Communications. August 1990.
  4. ^ Bush, John. "KLF biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
  5. ^ "Timelords gentlemen, please!". New Musical Express. 16 May 1992.
  6. ^ The KLF's complete discography is complex, and it contains many variants and obscure items of interest only to collectors. Limited edition and white label remix singles bearing the same basic catalogue numbers and no new songs (such as KLF 004Y, the Moody Boys and Echo & the Bunnymen remixes of "What Time Is Love? (Live At Trancentral)"); bootlegs; and overseas releases which offer no additional material to the definitive KLF Communications UK catalogue are all outside the scope of this article. Readers interested in collecting KLF Communications releases should refer to Lazlo's KLF discography Archived 2008-01-11 at the Wayback Machine which is the main source from which this article has been compiled.
  7. ^ a b UK chart peaks:
  8. ^ a b UK Indie chart peaks:
  9. ^ a b ARIA chart data cited in: Butler, Ben. "Interview: The KLF's James Cauty". Archived from the original on 2007-12-10. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
  10. ^ a b Australian (ARIA Chart) peaks:
  11. ^ a b "Austrian chart data for The KLF". Retrieved 2007-12-28.
  12. ^ Stichting Nederlandse Top 40, Hidossier 1939 - 1994
  13. ^ a b "Swedish chart data for The KLF". Retrieved 2007-12-28.
  14. ^ a b "Swiss chart data for The KLF". Retrieved 2007-12-28.
  15. ^ "The KLF > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums". Allmusic. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
  16. ^ "KLF Communications profile". Retrieved 2007-12-28.
  17. ^ Mason, James. "Waiting for the Rights of Mu". Allmusic. Retrieved 2007-12-28. Listed there as a bootleg.
  18. ^ Rice, J. & Roberts, D. (2000). Guinness Book of British Hit Singles (13th Ed.). London: Guinness Publishing.
  19. ^ Irish Single Chart (Retrieved 10 April 2008)
  20. ^ Stichting Nederlandse Top 40, Hitdossier 1939 - 1994
  21. ^ "Norwegian chart data for The KLF". Retrieved 2007-12-29.
  22. ^ "Swedish chart data for 2K". Retrieved 2007-12-29.
  23. ^ "Swiss chart data for The JAMs". Retrieved 2007-12-29.
  24. ^ a b "The KLF > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". AllMusic. Retrieved 2007-12-29.
  25. ^ a b "BPI > Certified Awards > Search results for 'KLF' (from". (original source published by British Phonographic Industry). Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  26. ^ a b "1991 ARIA Singles Chart". ARIA. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  27. ^ "Gold and Platinum search results: The KLF". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 25 March 2014.
  28. ^ "The ARIA Chart – Best of 1992". (original document published by ARIA). Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  29. ^ A remix of a track from the original The White Room album.
  30. ^ A short re-modelling of What Time Is Love? that bears little relation to the original track.
  31. ^ The following unreleased singles are not listed: "Make It Rain" and "No More Tears", which feature on The White Room. "Go To Sleep" was never scheduled, and featured on the scrapped White Room album. The "Club Mix" of "Madrugada Eterna" was released on a very limited edition white label; alternate mixes were released on Chill Out and "Kylie Said to Jason". The club mix of "It's Grim Up North" (promo only). The Pure Trance LP is excluded because of insufficient sources; it was likely either disc 2 of Shag Times (sometimes called Towards the Trance) or a compilation of the not-completed "Pure Trance" series of singles.
  32. ^ "JAMs go down under". New Musical Express. 29 July 1989.
  33. ^ "A Load of Pollocks?". The Face. April 1991. pp. 52–57.
  34. ^ "Information Sheet Four" (Press release). KLF Communications. August 1989.
  35. ^ Drummond, Bill and Mark Manning (1996). Bad Wisdom. Penguin Books. p. 206. ISBN 0-14-026118-4.
  36. ^ Compiled by Ernie Longmire (aka Lazlo), this has been the authoritative KLF discography on the internet for some 10 years or more and has been the subject of long-term scrutiny and peer review by KLF fans and collectors. It is now maintained by the fan site Longmire et al.'s discography is the principal source for this article.

Further readingEdit

  • Author unknown (1991). "The KLF: Enigmatic dance duo" (feature and discography up to that time), Record Collector Magazine, April 1991.

External linksEdit