3 a.m. Eternal

"3 a.m. Eternal" is a song by British acid house group the KLF. Numerous versions of the song were released as singles between 1989 and 1992. In January 1991, an acid house pop version of the song became an international top ten hit single, reaching number-one on the UK Singles Chart, number two on the UK Dance Singles Chart and number five on the US Billboard Hot 100, and leading to the KLF becoming the internationally biggest-selling singles band of 1991.[1][2]

"3 a.m. Eternal"
The KLF- 3 a.m. Eternal (pure trance original).jpg
Pure Trance Original (005T) cover
Single by the KLF
from the album The White Room
  • May 1989 (Pure Trance 2)
  • 7 January 1991 (live at the S.S.L.)
  • January 1992 (The KLF vs ENT version)
  • 5:55 (Pure Trance original)
  • 5:50 (Live at the S.S.L.)
  • 2:43 (The KLF vs ENT version)
LabelKLF Communications
  • Bill Drummond
  • Jimmy Cauty
Drummond & Cauty singles chronology
"What Time Is Love? (Pure Trance)"
"3 a.m. Eternal"
"Kylie Said to Jason"

"What Time Is Love? (Live at Trancentral)"

"3 a.m. Eternal (Live at the S.S.L.)"

"Last Train to Trancentral (Live from the Lost Continent)"

"Justified and Ancient (Stand by The JAMs)"

"3 a.m. Eternal (The KLF vs ENT version)"

"K Cera Cera"
Alternative cover
3 a.m. Eternal (The KLF album - cover art).jpg
"Live at the S.S.L." cover

The following year, when the KLF accepted an invitation to perform at the 1992 BRIT Awards ceremony, they caused controversy with a succession of anti-establishment gestures that included a duet performance of "3 a.m. Eternal" with the crust punk band Extreme Noise Terror, during which KLF co-founder Bill Drummond fired machine-gun blanks over the audience of music industry luminaries. A studio-produced version of this song was issued as a limited edition mail order 7-inch single, the final release by the KLF and their independent record label, KLF Communications. Q Magazine ranked "3 a.m. Eternal" number 150 in their list of the "1001 Best Songs Ever" in 2003.[3]


The original 1989 12-inch single release constituted the second of the KLF's "Pure Trance" series. There were two issues, numbered 005T (pink writing on a black sleeve, with two KLF mixes) and 005R (black writing on a pink sleeve, with four more mixes, including remixes by the Cauty/Paterson incarnation of The Orb ("Blue Danube Orbital"[4]) and The Moody Boys).

Stadium House versionEdit

A version heavily reworked for a mainstream audience, "3 a.m. Eternal (Live at the S.S.L.)", was issued on 7 January 1991,[5] reaching number one on the UK singles chart and number five on the US Billboard Hot 100. This version had a rap by Ricardo da Force & opening vocals from soul legend P. P. Arnold (who also features in the music video). Although a lot of crowd noise appears on the mix, it is in fact a purely studio-based creation. The "S.S.L." in the subtitle refers to a Solid State Logic mixing desk. The seven inch version of this mix appears on the album The White Room. The main B-side was a dub-based version of the same song, "3 a.m. Eternal (Guns of Mu Mu)", featuring the bassline from The Clash's "Guns of Brixton". Concurrent with the chart-topping version, yet another 12-inch was released, with resolutely underground remixes by The Moody Boys.

Music videoEdit

There are two video versions for the SSL video. The American version includes an opening with a travel through the mythical "Land of Mu Mu" where the KLF are performing inside a pyramid scenery with singers in a stadium. The European version shows the KLF vehicle (the police cruiser used in their Timelords incarnation) voyage around London with rapper Ricardo da Force singing in the backseat and a rave showing in the background.

The KLF vs Extreme Noise TerrorEdit

In January 1992, the KLF released a limited edition mail order only single containing a new version of "3 a.m." featuring the grindcore/crust punk band Extreme Noise Terror (called the "Christmas Top of the Pops 1991" version[6] as the KLF had hoped to perform it on the 1991 Christmas Top of the Pops but were rebuffed by the BBC).[7] The two bands instead performed a live version of the song at the BRIT Awards ceremony in February 1992. The Brits performance included a limping, kilted, cigar-chomping Drummond firing blanks from an automatic weapon over the heads of the crowd.

After viewing the rehearsals, NME writer Danny Kelly said: "Compared to what's preceded it, this is a turbo-powered metallic wolf breaking into a coop full of particularly sick doves... And the noise? Well, the noise is hardcore punk thrash through a disco Techno hit played by crusties. All bases covered, brilliantly. Clever, clever bastards."[8] At the end of the performance, Scott Piering announced to a stunned crowd that "The KLF have now left the music business". Within a few months, they did just that—their records were deleted and the KLF retired from the industry. Kelly later described the Brits performance as the KLF's "self-destruction in an orgy of punk rock..., mock outrage ... and real bad taste".[9] The track finally saw wide release in 2021 when it was included as part of the Solid State Logik compilations released by the KLF in January that year.

Critical receptionEdit

Billboard commented, "Alternative dance act makes its label debut with an invigorating rave that picks up where the previous "What Time Is Love" left off. Sonic blast of techno/hip-hop, industrial riffs, and R&B diva vocals has the juice to kick hard on the dancefloor and ignite crossover radio action."[10]

In a January 1991 feature on the KLF, NME writer Roger Morton described the "Pure Trance Original" as a "classic club track" and the "Live at the S.S.L." version as "murderously powerful".[11] As Record Mirror's "Single of the Week", the "Live at the S.S.L." version was regarded as "a magnificent pulsating beast combining bleeps and body heat".[12] Appraising the track retrospectively in 2000, The Guardian referred to the "Live at the S.S.L." version as an "epic pop masterpiece".[13]

Complex commented that "the message [of the song] is universal: Time is eternal."[14] Tom Ewing of Freaky Trigger described is as an "awe-inpsiring [sic], colossal, unprecedented dancefloor bulldozer".[15] Dave Sholin from the Gavin Report wrote, "Production wizardry from these techno-talents earns three stars for a highly original effort. A #1 track in their native England, it's won over audiences throughout Europe and stands to do the same in North America. Strengthened by a video that is nothing short of exceptional, it's getting major exposure on MTV with five plays a day in "Buzz Bin" rotation."[16]

The "Pure Trance Original" was described by Record Mirror as a "euro-flavoured deep house pulser" with atmospheric chanting and a "cathedral-like resonance".[17]

In 2020, The Guardian ranked the song number 23 in their list of "The 100 greatest UK No 1s".[18]

Formats and track listingsEdit

"3 a.m. Eternal (Pure Trance Original)" was aired as a UK 12-inch single in May 1989. "3 a.m. Eternal (Live from the S.S.L.)" was given an international release as a single on 7 January 1991. A single of remixes by The Moody Boys was given a limited release a week later. In January 1992, a one-sided 7-inch single of the KLF's collaboration with Extreme Noise Terror was released via mail order only, a limited pressing of 1000 copies.[19][20]

Format (and countries) Track number
1 2 3 4
Pure Trance Original
12-inch (KLF Communications KLF 005T) P B
12-inch (KLF Communications KLF 005R) p O M E
Live at the S.S.L.
7-inch single, cassette single l g
12-inch single (US) L G K W
12-inch single (elsewhere) L G
CD single (Japan) l G B W
CD single (elsewhere) l G B
KLF Present the Moody Boys Selection
12-inch single, CD single W R K
The KLF vs ENT version
7-inch single (limited edition of 1000 copies) T


P - "3 a.m. Eternal (Pure Trance Original)" (5:55) g - "3 a.m. Eternal (Guns of Mu Mu)" (edit) (3:30)
B - "3 a.m. Eternal (Break for Love)" (5:39) G - "3 a.m. Eternal (Guns of Mu Mu)" (5:20)
p - "3 a.m. Eternal (Pure Trance Original)" (edit) (3:38) W - "3 a.m. Eternal (Wayward Dub Version)" (6:54)
O - "3 a.m. Eternal (Blue Danube Orbital)" (7:35) R - "3 a.m. Eternal (Rankin' Club Version)" (4:34)
M - "3 a.m. Eternal (Moody Boy)" (6:50) K - "3 a.m. Eternal (Klonk Blip Every Trip)"[21] (5:48)
E - "3 p.m. Electro" (5:58) T - "3 a.m. Eternal (The KLF vs Extreme Noise Terror: TOTP version)" (2:43)
l - "3 a.m. Eternal (Live at the S.S.L.)" (edit) (3:42)
L - "3 a.m. Eternal (Live at the S.S.L.)" (5:50)



  1. ^ Bush, John. KLF at AllMusic. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Timelords gentlemen, please!". NME. 16 May 1992. Archived (via the Library of Mu) on 11 October 2016.Wikipedia:WikiProject The KLF/LibraryOfMu/309
  3. ^ "Q - 1001 best songs ever (2003)".
  4. ^ Auntie Aubrey's Excursions Beyond The Call Of Duty Part 2 / The Orb Remix Project (Sleeve notes). UK: Deviant Records. DVNT23CD.
  5. ^ "New Releases: Singles". Music Week. 5 January 1991. p. vi.
  6. ^ 3 A.M. Eternal (Christmas Top Of The Pops 1991) (Label). The KLF vs Extreme Noise Terror. KLF Communications. January 1992. KLF 5 T.O.T.P.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  7. ^ Harrison, Andrew (27 April 2017). "Return of the KLF: 'They were agents of chaos. Now the world they anticipated is here'". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  8. ^ Kelly, Danny (29 February 1992). "Welcome To The Sheep Seats". NME. Archived (via the Library of Mu) on 16 September 2016.Wikipedia:WikiProject The KLF/LibraryOfMu/297
  9. ^ Kelly, Danny (February 1994). "Million Dollar Bash". Q Magazine. Archived (via the Library of Mu) on 16 September 2016.Wikipedia:WikiProject The KLF/LibraryOfMu/377
  10. ^ Flick, Larry (25 May 1991). "Single Reviews" (PDF). Billboard. p. 67. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  11. ^ Morton, Roger (12 January 1991). "One Coronation Under A Groove". NME. Archived (via the Library of Mu) on 4 October 2016.Wikipedia:WikiProject The KLF/LibraryOfMu/191
  12. ^ "3 a.m. Eternal (Live at the S.S.L.)". Record Mirror (Review). 12 January 1991.
  13. ^ Poole, Steven (26 February 2000). "Hit man, myth maker - 45". The Observer. Archived (via the Library of Mu) on 16 September 2016.Wikipedia:WikiProject The KLF/LibraryOfMu/487
  14. ^ Nappy (12 July 2013). "15 Songs That Gave Dance Music a Good Name". Complex. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  15. ^ Ewing, Tom (28 October 1999). "42. KLF – "Last Train To Transcentral"". Freaky Trigger. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  16. ^ Sholin, Dave (31 May 1991). "Gavin Picks > Singles" (PDF). Gavin Report. No. 1858. p. 60. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  17. ^ "3 a.m. Eternal (Pure Trance Original)". Record Mirror (Review). 16 September 1989.
  18. ^ Beaumont-Thomas, Ben; Petridis, Alexis; Snapes, Laura (2020-06-05). "The 100 greatest UK No 1s: 100-1". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  19. ^ "3 a.m. Eternal (The KLF vs Extreme Noise Terror)", New Musical Express (Mail Order Single of the week), 11 January 1992, This one-sided, white label, 1,000 copies only, your-mates-won’t-have-it-and-you-will seven inch monster is in the great tradition of KLF product, not as shiningly beautiful as ‘Last Train To Trancentral’ or quite as bonkers as ‘Justified And Ancient’, but any band who can discern the secret link between hardcore trash and hardcore dance are well worth the candle. This is a record that makes you laugh ’til your ears bleed.
  20. ^ Longmire, Ernie; et al. (2020) [1998]. "Discography: The KLF (including The JAMS, The Timelords, 2K etc.)". Archived from the original on 29 February 2020.
  21. ^ The title "Klonk Blip Every Trip" is a corruption of the British road safety public information film slogan "Clunk Click Every Trip".
  22. ^ "The KLF – 3 A.M. Eternal". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
  23. ^ "The KLF – 3 A.M. Eternal" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
  24. ^ "The KLF – 3 A.M. Eternal" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
  25. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 1636." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  26. ^ "Top RPM Dance/Urban: Issue 1638." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  27. ^ "Top 10 Sales in Europe" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 8, no. 9. 2 March 1991. p. 25. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  28. ^ "Eurochart Hot 100 Singles" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 8, no. 8. 23 February 1991. p. 31. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  29. ^ Nyman, Jake (2005). Suomi soi 4: Suuri suomalainen listakirja (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Tammi. ISBN 951-31-2503-3.
  30. ^ "The KLF – 3 A.M. Eternal" (in German). GfK Entertainment charts.
  31. ^ "Top 10 Sales in Europe" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 8, no. 13. 30 March 1991. p. 25. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  32. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 11, 1991" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40.
  33. ^ "The KLF – 3 A.M. Eternal" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  34. ^ "The KLF – 3 A.M. Eternal". Top 40 Singles.
  35. ^ "The KLF – 3 A.M. Eternal". VG-lista.
  36. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  37. ^ "The KLF – 3 A.M. Eternal". Singles Top 100.
  38. ^ "The KLF – 3 A.M. Eternal". Swiss Singles Chart.
  39. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  40. ^ "Top 60 Dance Singles" (PDF). Music Week. 19 January 1991. p. xii. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  41. ^ "The KLF Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  42. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Hot Dance/Disco: 1974-2003. Record Research. p. 147.
  43. ^ a b "ARIA Top 100 Singles for 1991". ARIA. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  44. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1991" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  45. ^ "RPM Dance Tracks of 1991". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  46. ^ "Eurochart Hot 100 Singles 1991" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 8, no. 51–52. 21 December 1991. p. 21. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  47. ^ "Top 100 Singles–Jahrescharts 1991" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  48. ^ "Top 100-Jaaroverzicht van 1991". Dutch Top 40. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  49. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1991" (in Dutch). MegaCharts. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  50. ^ "End of Year Charts 1991". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  51. ^ "Swiss Year-End Charts 1991" (in German). Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  52. ^ "1991 Top 100 Singles". Music Week. London, England: Spotlight Publications. 11 January 1992. p. 20.
  53. ^ "Billboard Top 100 – 1991". Archived from the original on 7 July 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2009.
  54. ^ "British single certifications – KLF – 3Am Eternal". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 11 February 2021.