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The Jeremy Kyle Show

The Jeremy Kyle Show is a British tabloid talk show presented by Jeremy Kyle. It has been broadcast on ITV since 4 July 2005.[5] The show is produced by ITV Studios and is broadcast each weekday at 09:25.[5] The show first appeared as a replacement for Trisha Goddard's chat show, which was moved to Five.

The Jeremy Kyle Show
Logo of The Jeremy Kyle Show (U.K.).png
Genre Tabloid talk show[1]
Presented by Jeremy Kyle
Starring
  • Graham Stanier (aftercare)[2]
  • Dr. Arun Ghosh (medical)[3]
Composer(s) Lorne Balfe
Country of origin United Kingdom
Original language(s) English
No. of series 15
No. of episodes 3,152 (as of 16 April 2018)
Production
Production location(s) Granada Studios (2005–13)
dock10, MediaCityUK(2013–present)[4]
Running time 49 minutes (excluding commercial breaks)
Production company(s) ITV Studios
Release
Original network ITV
Picture format 1080i 16:9 (HDTV)
Original release 4 July 2005 (2005-07-04) – present
Chronology
Related shows
External links
Website

The show is based on confrontations in which guests attempt to resolve issues with others that are significant in their lives. These issues are often related to: family relationships; romantic relationships; sex; drugs; and alcohol, among other issues.[6][7] Frequently, guests display strong emotions such as anger and distress on the show, and Kyle often verbally chastises those that he feels have acted in morally dubious or irresponsible ways, while strongly emphasising the importance of traditional family values. This has led to severe criticism of the show, with one Manchester District Judge calling it "human bear-baiting" during a prosecution after guests had been involved in a violent incident on the show.[8]

The show also features psychotherapist Graham Stanier,[2] who helps Kyle during the show and assists guests further after they are on air. Dr. Arun Ghosh also occasionally appears with medical help, often aiding people with drug or alcohol problems.[3] A lie detector is used to determine the veracity of guests' claims, despite scientific research demonstrating the inefficacy of lie detectors. Allegations have been made by people involved with the show that guests commonly have mental illnesses and are mislead by researchers, with many former guests reporting of poor treatment; ITV spokespeople have disputed many of these claims.

The show’s 1,000th episode was aired on 18 March 2010.[9] In 2012, the show returned from its Christmas break with a new set.[10] In 2017, the show returned from its Easter break with a new set and a refreshed look.[11]

Contents

BackgroundEdit

In late 2004, Trisha Goddard left ITV to move her talk show to Five, so as a stopgap, Jeremy Kyle was drafted in to host the talk show The Jeremy Kyle Show until a permanent replacement could be found.[12] The Jeremy Kyle Show, which was first broadcast on 4 July 2005,[5] fully replaced The Trisha Goddard Show in September, and since then the show has been the sole occupant of ITV's weekday 9:25am slot.

During the launch week of the programme, the show was overshadowed by news coverage of the London tube bombings. Earlier in that week, a transmission breakdown disrupted one of the first three showings.[13] In 2007, the show was nominated for the "Most Popular Factual Programme" award at the 13th National Television Awards,[14] although lost in that category to Top Gear.

StyleEdit

 
Jeremy Kyle presenting the show

GuestsEdit

The guests typically include people from the working class who are concerned about a person or people close to them with a problem that they would like to be resolved. Guests on the show have been stereotyped as chavs or representing an ignorant underclass.[15][16] A former producer has alleged that the show's guests have mental health problems; the producer commented anonymously that the guests are normally "at the very least depressed" and that "if they truly screened for mental health issues, there would be no one on that show".[17]

FormatEdit

Episodes feature guests discussing personal problems, with Kyle providing mediation between involved parties, trying to help them reach a solution. Common problems shown in episodes include: uncertainty over the biological father of a baby; a family member committing petty theft; infidelity; and addiction to drugs.[18] Kyle regularly offers backstage and after-show support and counselling, which is guided by Graham Stanier, Kyle's in-show psychotherapist and director of aftercare.[8] With other guests, lie detectors and DNA tests are frequently used to determine whether an individual has been lying, or to reveal whether two people are biological relatives.[19] The DNA tests are performed by Alpha Biolabs, based in Warrington.[citation needed]

Frequently, when friends or relatives of the show's guests enter the stage having heard backstage what has been said, strong language and fights break out on the show regularly, although the latter are never shown, instead the camera gives a view of the audience and Jeremy until his security team restores order. This has led to the show being compared with Roman gladiatorial combat in its brutality.[20]

As a talk show host Kyle is known to react with hostility and anger towards those who he sees as having acted immorally, is seen as having a patronising, "holier-than-thou" attitude towards many of his guests, and is accused of exploiting the vulnerable. However, he does claim that he is acting in the best interests of his guests and is intent on helping to solve their personal problems.[21] Critics have said that Kyle's reactions and comments are repetitive and well-worn, such as "Put something on the end of it!" in the context of birth control, or his annoyance at unemployed fathers.[17][18]

The validity of the help that is provided to guests has been called into dispute; professional psychotherapist and TV agony uncle Philip Hodson, who was offered the chance to work on the show claimed that he believed the ratings were more important to the show's producers than solving the guests' problems.[8] A former producer for the show claimed that the production team encourages guests to react angrily to one another.[20] This is strengthened by the fact that the high-octane music that plays whenever a guest appears is actually played live and not edited in, serving to deliberately incense or upset guests (or heighten their already increased emotional state) as they reach the stage and enter a conflict.[citation needed]

Lie detectorEdit

In the show it is applied to cases of theft and infidelity and is claimed to indicate whether someone is being deceptive.[22] However, the validity of polygraph tests have been questioned by researchers to the point that they are rarely cited as a source of legal evidence in countries such as the United States, and as such the use of the polygraph test on the show has been criticised, at one point to prove the legitimacy of the lie detector test Jeremy Kyle performed a live on stage test with the question "are you, or have you ever been a llama?" which he replied yes, which was identified as a lie. Research indicates that results are little better than chance.[23][24] A critic in The Guardian comments that "Kyle regularly claims the lie detector is 96 per cent accurate, whereas a 1997 survey of 421 psychologists estimated it to be 61 per cent. Or not much better than chance."[17] An on-screen disclaimer is now shown before lie detector results are read out on the programme, stating, "The lie detector is designed to indicate whether someone is being deceptive. Practitioners claim its results have a high level of accuracy, although this is disputed."[25]

HeartwarmerEdit

The Jeremy Kyle Show speaks to people with unique or rare disabilities or conditions. It then provides the guests with a certain treat or otherwise hard to come by treatment. The heartwarmer sometimes involves reuniting people who have not seen each other for many years, usually a parent and their child or two or more siblings.[citation needed] These shows usually air on a Friday.[citation needed] Celebrities also appear in these segments, for example Nikki Grahame went onto the show to discuss her battle with anorexia nervosa and Jack Tweed went onto the show to talk about the death of his wife Jade Goody, who died of cervical cancer in 2009.

SetEdit

Since its debut in 2005, the show's set has undergone various changes, including new "backstage pods" in late 2008, the walls at the side of the stage being changed from wood to a foam material. However, on 9 January 2012, the show unveiled a brand new set, built and installed by Creator International.[26] ITV decided to invest in a new set at Granada Studios, despite its planned closure in 2013, with future episodes to be recorded at MediaCityUK.[4][27] Alongside the new set, a new camera jib was installed, allowing more sweeping shots of the stage and the audience.

In April 2017, the show returned from its Easter break with a new set and a refreshed look.

Celebrity specialsEdit

The show has had a number of celebrity specials since its launch, which have included Leslie Grantham, Stan Collymore, Jodie Marsh, Nikki Grahame, Razor Ruddock, Jade Goody's mother Jackiey Budden and widowed husband Jack Tweed, Amy Winehouse's ex-husband Blake Fielder-Civil & mother-in-law Georgette Civil, Alex Reid, Darren Day, David Van Day, Pamela Anderson, Kerry Katona, Danniella Westbrook and Michael Barrymore.

The thousandth episode, broadcast on 18 March 2010, featured actors from Coronation Street acting as their respective characters, discussing fictional problems within the show. The story centred on what happened on Christmas Day 2009 when Tina McIntyre (played by Michelle Keegan) and Nick Tilsley (Ben Price) kissed. David Platt (played by Jack P. Shepherd) suspects Tina slept with his half-brother. Kyle attempted to sort their fictitious problems in the manner in which he would with a real-life story. In the audience was Graeme Proctor (Craig Gazey), David and Tina's friend.

On 7 June 2013, a special show was dedicated to finding out about the lives of ex-musicians following the break-ups of their respective groups, during which Kyle interviewed ex-Boyzone member Shane Lynch and ex-911 member Jimmy Constable.

From 9–13 June 2014, the show aired a week of new celebrity specials, every day at 2:00 on ITV, as well as broadcasting regular shows at the usual time of 9:25am. The celebrities included were Tara Palmer-Tomkinson, Shaun Ryder, Tito Jackson, Liz Dawn and Michael Barrymore.

ReceptionEdit

Court caseEdit

On 24 September 2007, a Manchester District Judge, Alan Berg, was sentencing a man who headbutted his love rival while appearing on the show. Judge Berg was reported in the Manchester Evening News as saying: "I have had the misfortune, very recently, of watching The Jeremy Kyle Show. It seems to me that the purpose of this show is to affect a morbid and depressing display of dysfunctional people whose lives are in turmoil", and that it was "a plain disgrace which goes under the guise of entertainment". He described it as "human bear-baiting" and added that "it should not surprise anyone that these people, some of whom have limited intellects, become aggressive with each other. This type of incident is exactly what the producers want. These self-righteous individuals should be in the dock with you. They pretend there is some kind of virtue in putting out a show like this."[28]

An ITV spokeswoman responded in defence that "we take the safety and well-being of studio guests extremely seriously. It is made clear to all guests prior to going into the studio that no violence is ever tolerated."[29] Kyle responded by saying: "Some people will always think I've got the eyes of Satan. Others will think I'm a TV god. People have the right to criticise. Sometimes people need to be stripped bare before they can be helped."[21]

Guest reactionsEdit

There have been success stories as a result of guests being on the show, such as the case of a morbidly obese young woman who lost a lot of weight after her appearance on the show.[30] Graham Stanier told The Observer that he was "immensely proud" of the help provided to the show's guests, with "full shows of people coming back on the programme who have been successful in overcoming drug, alcohol or relationship problems, through the care that we have provided".[8]

Carole Cadwalladr of The Guardian attended the filming of a special for the DVD Jeremy Kyle... Live! In Your Street. Jamie, a guest for the special, told Cadwalladr that he "was totally stitched up", calling his appearance "public humiliation". Jamie says that he "just wanted the DNA test" but "didn't have the money to get it done", and claims that the researchers "didn't care about the feelings of the people" and that when he told them about his bipolar disorder and borderline schizophrenia, "There wasn't really a reaction". His stepmother Karen comments that the show was "so, so very wrong" and "almost like ritual abuse". A spokesperson for ITV stated that a psychotherapist found "no evidence of mental illness" in Jamie and claimed that "guests had to produce identification and were processed through security checks prior to admission"; however, Cadwalladr was present for the filming and disputes this.[17]

Cadwalladr interviews another person who appeared on the show, Kevin Lincoln. Though Lincoln rang up the show and wanted to take part, he signed the consent form only minutes before filming. Lincoln believes he was there "under false pretences" and says the show was "completely the opposite of what I was told it would be". He expected to discuss "his ex-girlfriend of trying to force him out of the wrestling gym where they both trained", but the segment was captioned "Ex, get out of my life!" and featured his ex-girlfriend "basically [accusing him] of being a stalker". Lincoln spent the two months between filming and broadcasting trying to prevent the episode from airing, to no avail; once it aired, Lincoln reports that, "I was forced out of my gym and all of my wrestling gigs were cancelled".[17]

It has also been alleged that the producers "plied an alcoholic guest with beer before he appeared on the programme".[31] ITV has denied these charges, claiming that "two of the guests were given alcohol to counteract withdrawal symptoms while the third had not mentioned a drink problem", that "guests are not deliberately agitated before appearing", and that the show provides to its guests "proper, professional help, funded by the programme, which has really and undeniably helped hundreds of people".[8][20]

It has also been alleged by a former guest on the show that due to Ofcom rules, they were forced to change out of a jumper with a branded logo into a tracksuit, before being vilified by Kyle for their clothing choice.[32] As well as multiple allegations dating back to 2011 that guests were separated prior to the show and assigned separate researchers who would 'wind up' guests in order to bring about a reaction when they came together on the show.[33]

Critical receptionEdit

The show has garnered very negative critical reviews. In The Guardian, Carole Cadwalladr opines that "the show is built around creating a spectacle out of the damaged fragments of people's lives" and summarises it as an "explosive spectacle of anger, vitriol and confrontation". Of Kyle, Cadwalladr says that "Some of his opinions are so well-worn they're almost catchphrases" and writes that the show is "more like a witchcraft trial. Where the judge and jury is Jeremy Kyle". Cadwalladr further criticises that the lie detector is "the modern equivalent of the ducking stool, or at least about as scientifically accurate".[17]

In Vice, Joel Golby opines that instead of being about the guests, the show is "about Jeremy, purring and padding around the studio", whom Golby calls a "dickhead" and a "shark in the prime of its life". Writing that the show is "built on repetition", Golby calls it "exemplar of the British fighting style" and comments "in less artful hands, the misery would become a miasma. With Kyle at the helm, it becomes something else – characterful, textured misery".[18]

In The Times, columnist Martin Samuel described the show as "a tragic, self-serving procession of freaks, misfits, sad sacks and hopelessly damaged human beings" and its guests as "a collection of angry, tearful and broken people, whose inexperience of talking through painful, contentious, volatile issues leaves them unprepared and inadequate for a confrontation of this nature" whilst noting that they "can only appear intellectually inferior to the host, too, with his sharp suit and well-rehearsed confidence".[citation needed]

Reviewing for The Guardian, Charlie Brooker writes that watching the show is worse than "eating a punnet of vomit and faeces", and that it is "completely and utterly horrid". Brooker describes Kyle as "unafraid to hurl abuse at his hapless idiot guests" and comments that Kyle could "easily" be cast as "an agent of Satan".[34] In an episode of Charlie Brooker's Screenwipe, Brooker later described the show as "a non-stop bellowing festival, in which a cast of people who resemble a sort of aquatic livestock chart the outer limits of incomprehension."[35]

In the Daily Mirror, Kevin O'Sullivan calls the show "morally bankrupt" and asks "Peddling this gutter garbage, how does vile Kyle sleep at night?"[36] Carole Malone at the Sunday Mirror calls Kyle "arrogant, smug, vain and aggressive", and says he "doesn't care about his guests anywhere near as much as he cares about himself and his public profile".[37]

However, some reviewers have defended the show. Fiona Phillips, writing in the Daily Mirror, accused Judge Berg of being out of touch and claimed those appearing on the programme knew exactly what they were letting themselves in for.[38] Derek Draper, writing in The Guardian, says that Kyle "effectively projects himself as a strong father figure, setting boundaries and trying to teach responsibility and restraint" to those on his show.[39] Johann Hari of The Independent calls the show's morality "unconsciously but wonderfully progressive", as it attacks "Men who treat women badly. Homophobes. Misogynists. Neglectful parents." However, Hari believes that "[t]here are good reasons to be worried". Hari summarises the show by saying that "distressed people [...] have their wounds ripped open for our enjoyment", suggests that all guests should receive ongoing counselling, and comments of how the working class are treated, "[t]here are also ugly prejudices encoded in the sneers".[40]

SponsorshipEdit

On 29 September 2007, Learndirect, the government-backed sponsors of The Jeremy Kyle Show, cancelled their £500,000 a year deal over concerns about its content following a letter of protest from Welsh Member of Parliament David Davies.[41] Ufi, which runs the Learndirect adult learning service, said continuing the deal would not “protect and enhance” its reputation.[42] The former sponsor of the show in Scotland, Shades Blinds, retained their association with the programme although they did raise the possibility of withdrawing their sponsorship.[43] It is now sponsored by The Sun Bingo, and has been sponsored by several bingo companies such as Wink Bingo, Foxy Bingo, Cheeky Bingo and Gala Bingo.

ParodiesEdit

The Jeremy Kyle Show has been the subject of parody by at least two BBC comedy shows. In the programme Dead Ringers, a parody of the show has appeared.[44] Also, in October 2007, the BBC began broadcasting The Life and Times of Vivienne Vyle, a sitcom starring and co-written by Jennifer Saunders. The show makes no reference to Jeremy Kyle, yet it parodies his show and private lifestyle.[45] BBC Saturday morning show TMi did a weekly parody show which involved the same graphics and a similar set although it was renamed to "The Sammy Kyle Show" with Sam Nixon dressing up as Jeremy. This was for celebrities to air their 'differences'.[citation needed] The show was even indirectly referenced in the Australian cartoon series Dennis the Menace, on which Dennis appears with his mother on a programme resembling The Jeremy Kyle Show in order to discipline him for bad behaviour.[46]

The 2010 music video by Chase & Status for their song Let You Go centres around a Kyle-esque chat show called "The Patrick Chase Show" where the eponymous host, dressed in similar sartorial manner to Kyle (grey suit with no tie and undone top button), is recording a show where he points out the flaws of guests. After the show, the host leaves the studio and embarks on a night of drugs, alcohol, sex and criminal activity, before arriving back in the studio in the morning to be cleaned up and start over again.[47][48]

The video for the single "Lost Generation" by British hip hop duo Rizzle Kicks features a parody of the show, with the duo criticising the show and Kyle himself during the song.[49]

In 2015, The Jeremy Kyle show was parodied in the topical satirical puppet sketch show Newzoids.[50]

In 2016, The Jeremy Kyle show was parodied in every episode of Walliams & Friend, with David Walliams playing the role of Kyle mediating between minor household conflicts and reacting very angrily about them.

In 2017, YouTube football channels 442oons and The Football Republic premiered The Roy Keane Show, a animated parody of The Jeremy Kyle Show with former Irish footballer Roy Keane playing Kyle's role, resolving conflicts based on real world events between other footballers.

EpisodesEdit

TransmissionsEdit

SeriesEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast aired
1274 July 2005 (2005-07-04)12 August 2005 (2005-08-12)
28119 September 2005 (2005-09-19)28 February 2006 (2006-02-28)
31491 March 2006 (2006-March-01)28 July 2006 (2006-07-28)
43284 September 2006 (2006-09-04)27 July 2007 (2007-07-27)
53263 September 2007 (2007-09-03)25 July 2008 (2008-07-25)
62521 September 2008 (2008-09-01)31 July 2009 (2009-07-31)
721531 August 2009 (2009-08-31)30 July 2010 (2010-07-30)
820330 August 2010 (2010-08-30)29 July 2011 (2011-07-29)
92185 September 2011 (2011-09-05)27 July 2012 (2012-07-27)
102053 September 2012 (2012-09-03)26 July 2013 (2013-07-26)
111999 September 2013 (2013-09-09)25 July 2014 (2014-07-25)
121998 September 2014 (2014-09-08)24 July 2015 (2015-07-24)
132007 September 2015 (2015-09-07)22 July 2016 (2016-07-22)
142245 September 2016 (2016-09-05)21 July 2017 (2017-07-21)
152384 September 2017 (2017-09-04)20 July 2018 (2018-07-20)
16TBA3 September 2018 (2018-09-03)July 2019 (2019-07)

DVDEdit

A behind-the-scenes DVD, titled Jeremy Kyle: Access All Areas, was released on 23 November 2009, in which it would show how the researchers, Jeremy & Graham prepare their guests to appear on the show. The DVD also contains backstage footage, uncensored profanity (which is bleeped in the televised recording) and a background story of a family who feature on the show.[51]

U.S. versionEdit

In January 2010, ITV announced an agreement to take a pilot version of the show to the United States in 2010, in partnership with Lions Gate Entertainment subsidiary Debmar-Mercury. The pilot proved successful, and in November 2010, the U.S. version was picked up in 70% of the U.S. television markets, ahead of its 19 September 2011 debut.[52] The first episode of the U.S. version was shown on ITV on 28 January 2012.

In December 2012, the American version of The Jeremy Kyle Show was cancelled due to lower than expected ratings.[53]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Weird TV line-ups that worked - and didn't". BBC. 17 March 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Jeremy Kyle". Backstage Therapy Ltd. Archived from the original on 26 October 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  3. ^ a b Ghosh Medical Ltd. "MyMedia – Media & Press Centre for Dr Arun Ghosh | Ghosh Medical Ltd". Drarunghosh.co.uk. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  4. ^ a b "ITV completes phase one migration to MediaCityUK". The Peel Group. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  5. ^ a b c "The Jeremy Kyle Show". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
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  15. ^ "Murder, live on TV in the morning... coming next to Kyle's victims". News and Star. 4 October 2007. Archived from the original on 15 November 2007. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
  16. ^ Ravenhill, Mark (1 October 2007). "I love daytime TV shows. The people they feature are ignored – or derided – everywhere else". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
  17. ^ a b c d e f Cadwalladr, Carole (1 September 2008). "Behind the scenes at Jeremy Kyle: when reality bites, it leaves deep scars". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
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  29. ^ Bunyan, Nigel (25 September 2007). "Jeremy Kyle show 'is human bear-baiting'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  30. ^ "Obese Laura is looking to the future". Bexhill-on-Sea Observer. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
  31. ^ "More shock and scandal regarding The Jeremy Kyle Show". TV Scoop. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
  32. ^ Daisy Wyatt (2015-02-06). "Jeremy Kyle guest branded 'ex-drug dealer in a tracksuit' by host claims producers told him to change into outfit". The Independent. Retrieved 2016-09-30.
  33. ^ "Fight club: Life after the Jeremy Kyle treatment". The Guardian. 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2016-09-30.
  34. ^ Brooker, Charlie (22 October 2005). "The vile show". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  35. ^ Warman, Matt (2 March 2006). "Today's TV & radio choices". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  36. ^ O'Sullivan, Kevin (9 July 2006). "Bummer: INTO the sewer with ITV's morally bankrupt Jeremy Kyle Show". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  37. ^ Malone, Carole (30 September 2007). "Kyle's a pile of steaming bull". Sunday Mirror. Retrieved 4 October 2007.[permanent dead link]
  38. ^ Phillips, Fiona (29 September 2007). "I can't bear poor judge of character". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 4 October 2007.
  39. ^ Draper, Derek (26 September 2007). "In defence of talk show 'bear-baiter' Jeremy Kyle". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
  40. ^ Hari, Johann (1 November 2007). "Jeremy Kyle, a moral hero of our time". The Independent. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
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  44. ^ Sherwin, Adam (25 September 2007). "The judge, the daytime chat show and a case of 'human bear-baiting'". London: The Times. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
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  47. ^ "Soul Culture Chase & Status let you go video". Soul Culture. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
  48. ^ "Let you go video". Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  49. ^ [1]
  50. ^ "Beyonce, Harry Styles and Jeremy Kyle get Spitting Image makeover for topical show – Newzoids". Mirror. 12 February 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
  51. ^ "Jeremy Kyle: Access All Areas [DVD]: Amazon.co.uk: Film & TV". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  52. ^ "Exclusive: 'Jeremy Kyle' Cleared in 70%-Plus of the Country" from Broadcasting&Cable (22 November 2010)
  53. ^ http://www.tdogmedia.com/2012/12/jeremy-kyle-canceled-2.html

External linksEdit