The Gay Divorcee

The Gay Divorcee is a 1934 American musical film directed by Mark Sandrich and starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers.[2] It also features Alice Brady, Edward Everett Horton, Eric Blore, and Erik Rhodes. The screenplay was written by George Marion Jr., Dorothy Yost, and Edward Kaufman. Robert Benchley, H. W. Hanemann, and Stanley Rauh made uncredited contributions to the dialogue. It was based on the Broadway musical Gay Divorce, written by Dwight Taylor, which had been adapted into a musical by Kenneth S. Webb and Samuel Hoffenstein[3] from an unproduced play by J. Hartley Manners.[4]

The Gay Divorcee
The Gay Divorcee movie poster.jpg
theatrical release poster
Directed byMark Sandrich
Produced byPandro S. Berman
Screenplay byGeorge Marion Jr.
Dorothy Yost
Edward Kaufman
Based onGay Divorce
1932 musical
by Dwight Taylor
StarringFred Astaire
Ginger Rogers
Music byScore:
Max Steiner
Songs:
(see below)
CinematographyDavid Abel
Edited byWilliam Hamilton
Production
company
Distributed byRKO Radio Pictures
Release date
  • October 12, 1934 (1934-10-12)
Running time
107 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$520,000[1]
Box office$1.8 million[1]

The stage version included many songs by Cole Porter, which were left out of the film, except for "Night and Day". Though most of the songs were replaced, the screenplay kept the original plot of the stage version. Three members of the play's original cast repeated their stage roles: Astaire, Rhodes, and Eric Blore.[5]

The Hays Office insisted that RKO change the name from "Gay Divorce" to "The Gay Divorcee", on the grounds that while a divorcée could be gay or lighthearted, it would be unseemly to allow a divorce to appear so. According to Astaire, the change was made proactively by RKO. The director, Mark Sandrich, told him that The Gay Divorcee was selected as the new name because the studio "thought it was a more attractive-sounding title, centered around a girl."[6] RKO even offered fifty dollars to any employee who could come up with a better title.[7] In the United Kingdom, the film was released with the title The Gay Divorce.

This film was the second (after Flying Down to Rio, 1933) of ten pairings of Rogers and Astaire on film.[8]

PlotEdit

Mimi Glossop (Ginger Rogers) seeks a divorce from her geologist husband Cyril Glossop (William Austin), whom she has not seen for some time. Under the guidance of her domineering and much-married Aunt Hortense (Alice Brady), she consults incompetent and bumbling lawyer Egbert Fitzgerald (Edward Everett Horton), once a fiancé of her aunt. He arranges for her to spend a night at a seaside hotel and to be caught in an adulterous relationship, for which purpose he hires a professional co-respondent, Rodolfo Tonetti (Erik Rhodes). But Egbert forgets to arrange for private detectives to "catch" the couple.

By coincidence, Guy Holden (Fred Astaire) an American dancer and friend of Egbert's, who briefly met Mimi on his arrival in England, and who is now besotted with her, also arrives at the hotel, only to be mistaken by Mimi for the co-respondent she has been waiting for. While they are in Mimi's bedroom, Tonetti arrives, revealing the truth, and holds them "prisoner" to suit the plan. They contrive to escape and dance the night away.

In the morning, after several mistakes with the waiter, Cyril arrives at the door, so Guy hides in the next room, while Mimi and Tonetti give a show of being lovers. When Cyril does not believe them, Guy comes out and embraces Mimi in an attempt to convince him that he is her lover, but to no avail. It is an unwitting waiter (Eric Blore) who finally clears the whole thing up by revealing that Cyril himself is an adulterer, thus clearing the way for Mimi to get a divorce and marry Guy.[9]

CastEdit

SongsEdit

New songs introduced in the film

Other songs

  • Night and Day (Cole Porter) sung by Fred, danced by Ginger and Fred in a hotel suite overlooking an English Channel beach at night

ProductionEdit

DevelopmentEdit

After the success of Astaire and Rogers’ first feature, Flying Down to Rio, RKO's head of production, Pandro S. Berman, purchased the screen rights to Dwight Taylor's Broadway hit Gay Divorce with another Astaire and Rogers matchup in mind. According to Fred Astaire's autobiography, director Mark Sandrich claimed that RKO altered the title to insinuate that the film concerned the amorous adventures of a recently divorced woman ("divorcée").[10]

Dance routines from the film, specifically "Night and Day" and the scene where Astaire dances on the table, were taken from Astaire's performances in the original play, The Gay Divorce.[11] The "Don't Let It Bother You" dance came from foolhardy antics during rehearsals and became an in-joke in future Astaire-Rogers films.[12]

FilmingEdit

Exteriors set in what was supposed to be the English countryside were shot in Clear Lake, California. Additional exteriors were filmed in Santa Monica and Santa Barbara, California.[10]

Censorship IssuesEdit

James Wingate, Director of the Studio Relations Office for RKO, warned: "considering the delicate nature of the subject upon which this script is based...great care should be taken in the scenes dealing with Mimi's lingerie, and… no intimate article should be used". Wingate also insisted that no actor or actress appear in only pajamas.[10]

The title from the musical – Gay Divorce – was dropped "as too frivolous toward marriage by the censors" and modified to Divorcee.[13]

ReceptionEdit

The Gay Divorcee was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture in 1934.[14]

Box officeEdit

According to RKO records the film earned $1,077,000 in the US and Canada and $697,000 elsewhere resulting in a profit of $584,000.[1]

Critical responseEdit

New York Times critic Andre Sennwald (November 16, 1934) said of the film: "Like the carefree team of Rogers and Astaire, The Gay Divorcee is gay in its mood and smart in its approach. For subsidiary humor, there are Alice Brady as the talkative aunt; Edward Everett Horton as the confused lawyer .. and Erik Rhodes ... as the excitable correspondent, who takes the correct pride in his craftsmanship and objects to outside interference. All of them plus the Continental, help to make the new Music Hall show the source of a good deal of innocent merriment." [15]

Awards and honorsEdit

The film was nominated for the following Academy Awards, winning in the category Music (Song):[16]

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c Richard Jewel, 'RKO Film Grosses: 1931–1951', Historical Journal of Film Radio and Television, Vol 14 No 1, 1994 p55
  2. ^ ReelClassics.com (December 16, 2008). "Ginger Rogers & Fred Astaire 2: The Gay Divorcee (1934)". Reel Classics. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  3. ^ "Screenplay info" TCM
  4. ^ Gay Divorce at the Internet Broadway Database
  5. ^ "Talkin' Broadway Regional News & Reviews: San Francisco – "Gay Divorce" – 4/29/07". Broadwaytalk.com. November 29, 1932. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  6. ^ Astaire, Fred (2008). Steps in Time: An Autobiography. New York: Harper. p. 198. ISBN 978-0061567568. The Gay Divorcee" was selected as the new name because the studio "thought it was a more attractive-sounding title, centered around a girl.
  7. ^ "Detail view of Movies Page". www.afi.com. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
  8. ^ "Earliest Videos/TV Episodes/Feature Films/Short Films/Documentaries/Video Games/Mini-Series/TV Movies/TV Specials With Fred Astaire And Ginger Rogers". IMDb.com. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  9. ^ Green, Stanley (1999). Hollywood Musicals Year by Year (2nd ed.). Hal Leonard Corporation. p. page 36. ISBN 0-634-00765-3.CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  10. ^ a b c http://www.afi.com/members/catalog/DetailView.aspx?s=&Movie=7108
  11. ^ "The Gay Divorcee (1934) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
  12. ^ "The Gay Divorcee (1934) – Trivia". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
  13. ^ Sarris, 1998. p. 43
  14. ^ "The Gay Divorcee". The New York Times. Retrieved December 7, 2008.
  15. ^ A. S. (November 16, 1934). "'The gay divorcee,' with fred astaire and ginger rogers, at the music hall -- 'redhead.'". New York Times. ProQuest 101148306.
  16. ^ "The 7th Academy Awards (1935) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  17. ^ Mankiewicz, Ben (June 7, 2016) outro to the Turner Classic Movies showing of The Gay Divorcee

SourcesEdit

*Sarris, Andrew. 1998. "You Ain’t Heard Nothin’ Yet." The American Talking Film History & Memory, 1927–1949. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-513426-5

External linksEdit