The Exile (1947 film)
The Exile (1947) is an adventure romantic film directed by Max Ophüls, and produced, written by, and starring Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.. Rita Corday (billed as "Paule Croset") played the romantic interest. According to Robert Osborne, the primary host of Turner Classic Movies, María Montez had a stipulation in her contract that she had to have top billing in any film in which she appeared, so her name comes first in the opening credits, despite her secondary role. The film is based on the 1926 novel His Majesty, the King: A Romantic Love Chase of the Seventeenth Century by Cosmo Hamilton.
|Directed by||Max Ophüls (as Max Opuls)|
|Written by||Douglas Fairbanks Jr.|
|Based on||His Majesty, the King: Being the Chronicle of Certain Hours, in the Ill-Starred Life of Charles the Second of England, During the Period of His Exile in Flanders with Those of the Faithful That Fled from the Despot, Oliver Cromwell, the Which Have Received of on Account in the History of His Time|
by Cosmo Hamilton
|Produced by||Douglas Fairbanks Jr.|
|Starring||Douglas Fairbanks Jr.|
Rita Corday (as Paule Croset)
|Edited by||Ted J. Kent|
|Music by||Frank Skinner|
The Fairbanks Company
|Distributed by||Universal-International Pictures|
|95 or 89 minutes|
In 1660, Charles Stuart (Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.), deposed as king of England by Oliver Cromwell and the Roundheads, is in exile in the Netherlands with a few loyalists, awaiting the right opportunity to return. Whilst bartering in a local marketplace, he meets Katie (Rita Corday), a Dutch farm owner and flower seller.
When unrest in England presents both opportunity and danger, Charles's chief advisor, Sir Edward Hyde (Nigel Bruce), recommends he hide somewhere, neither too close for Roundhead assassins to find him, nor too far for news to reach him of further developments. Charles, without revealing his royal identity, persuades Katie to take him on as a farm hand. The two soon fall in love.
During his stay, Charles encounters an actor named Dick Pinner (Robert Coote) who is posing as him; the imposter stays at Katie's inn. Shortly afterward, there arrives another guest, Countess Anbella de Courteuil (María Montez), an old lover of Charles's and an emissary from King Louis of France. She presents Charles with a gift from Louis, a music box. Knowing that Katie owes 3000 guilders to her cousin, Jan (Otto Waldis), Charles has the music box sold and pays off the debt without her knowledge. Katie becomes jealous of Anbella and dismisses Charles. However, when she learns of his generosity from a gracious, departing Anbella, she takes him back.
Meanwhile, English Colonel Ingram (Henry Daniell) has been given the mission of assassinating the king. He tracks Charles to his hiding place. Charles escapes from Ingram's men, but they follow Katie and trap him in a windmill. After a sword fight, he kills Ingram, and his followers come to the rescue. Sir Edward informs him that Parliament has offered him back his throne. To take the crown, however, Charles has to leave Katie; Charles resists the idea, but Sir Edward reminds him of his duty, and Katie of what he can do for his people, and the two star-crossed lovers sadly part.
The film's original ending, preferred by Ophüls, was a bit longer than the one shown in the United States. The shorter version ends with Charles leaving for England, while the longer has a further scene in which two courtiers casually discuss a plaque that is erected to his stay.
- Douglas Fairbanks Jr. as Charles Stuart (Charles II of England)
- Maria Montez as Countess Anbella de Courteuil
- Rita Corday ("Paule Croset") as Katie
- Henry Daniell as Colonel Ingram
- Nigel Bruce as Sir Edward Hyde
- Robert Coote as Dick Pinner
- Otto Waldis as Jan
- Eldon Gorst as Seymour
- Milton Owen as Wilcox
- Colin Keith-Johnston as Captain Bristol
- Ben Wright as Milbanke
- Colin Kenny as Ross
- Peter Shaw as Higson
- Will Stanton as Tucket
- Charles Stevens as Painter
- Harry Cording as Roundhead (uncredited)
The film was based on a novel by Cosmo Hamilton called His Majesty, the King. It was written in 1926. The same year Hamilton announced he had written a play version for production by the Dramatist Theatre.
In January 1941 it was announced Fairbanks had bought the screen rights to a novel and would appear in a film based it, which he would make with Hal Roach. Fairbanks, Jr., a well-known anglophile, sought to make the film as a tribute to his father Douglas Fairbanks, a star of swashbuckler films of the silent period.
Plans to make it were interrupted by Fairbanks' service in World War II. In January 1946 he announced he would star in and produce a film version called The Exile as part of a three-picture deal between International Pictures and Fairbanks' production company, the Fairbanks Company, which he had formed with Clarence Erickson. Fairbanks would produce all three – the others were an adaptation of Terry and the Pirates, and a film called Happy Go Lucky. Finance would be provided by International who would also arrange facilities at Universal studios and The Exile would be distributed by United World.
In July 1946 Robert Coote signed to play a support role.
"When people ask me if I'm following in my father's footsteps, I tell them his footsteps were so light they didn't leave a trace", said Fairbanks. "The proof of it is that his pictures were so carefully tailored to him that no remakes by others have ever been entirely successful. Still I find myself drifting back to the kind of roles he played – by public demand, as it were... However my stunting is more of a piece de resistance than the thing itself, if you get what I mean. Now that I have my own company I'll probably go in for the swashbuckling type of thing. I'm not necessarily wedded to it; our stories will be of varied dramatic content, but I find that I can whip up more enthusiasm for those of a romantic and slightly fantastic nature, like The Exile."
This was Max Ophüls first film in Hollywood, after he was fired from his initial project, Vendetta, due to disagreements with producer Howard Hughes. Ophüls was recommended to Fairbanks by Robert Siodmak, the well-known director at the time of The Killers. Fairbanks signed Ophus in December 1946. "He needed the money desperately to get back to Europe and was a most interesting director", said Fairbanks.
In April 1947 Maria Montez was borrowed from Universal for a relatively small part. Press reports at the time said this was done at Montez's request over Universal's objections.
The film was produced by Universal-International Pictures, and while the initial plan was for the film to be made in Technicolor, budget constraints meant that the movie had to be shot in black and white.
Filming started in May 1947. Though the studio was initially concerned by Ophüls unorthodox filming methods, preferring to film in long takes full of complex camera movements, they eventually warmed to his filmmaking techniques and formed a good relationship. Due to this being his first American film, Ophüls was paid $22,600, compared to the usual $75,000 or more that established Hollywood directors commanded.
The bulk of the film was shot on a large set created by Howard Bay. "This is not a realistic set", he said, "but a romantic one fashioned to fit the mood of the story. We aimed at the picturesque rather than scenes from the workaday world; the exaggeration is deliberate."
Fairbanks later said the film was one of his favorites. "It should have been done in color but we ran out of money and Universal forced Maria Montez on us. But I love it.
Maria Montez billing issueEdit
Under her contract with Universal, Montez was normally entitled to top billing in a film. She agreed to accept second billing for The Exile but changed her mind and wanted top billing, and wound up suing for $250,000 in damages. Universal had agreed to give Fairbanks top billing so deferred the issue to court. A judge put a temporary stop on any billing until the issue was resolved. In December Montez's lawyer Greg Bautzer announced the matter had been settled out of court. Montez would receive first billing and in equal size font to Fairbanks. (In the end credits would read "Starring Maria Montez, Henry Daniell, Nigel Bruce, Robert Coote and introduces Paule Croset with Douglas Fairbanks".) Montez also received a pay out rumored between $15,000 and $30,000.
In August 1947 Universal elected not to pick up its option on Montez's services for the following year, making her freelance.
Terry and the Pirates and Happy Go Lucky were not made.
- Bacher, Lutz. Max Ophüls in the Hollywood Studios. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press. p. 71.
- "The Exile". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- "COSMO HAMILTON RETURNS.: Brings Two New Plays From Europe -- Other Stage Folk Here". New York Times. Oct 6, 1926. p. 22.
- Remnant, Ernest, ed. (Apr 1927). "HIS MAJESTY THE KING". The English review. London. p. 517.
- "GOSSIP OF THE RIALTO". New York Times. Oct 10, 1926. p. X1.
- "Rise Stevens and Nelson Eddy Will Appear for Metro in 'Chocolate Soldier': MARCH OF TIME TO OPEN 'Uncle Sam -- Non-Belligerent' Released Today -- Strand to Hold Over 'Four Mothers'". New York Times. Jan 17, 1941. p. 21.
- Schallert, Edwin (Jan 10, 1941). "Marx Bros. to Frolic Next in 'Big Business': Noted Quartet in 'Miami' Harmon Feature Named New Award for 'Grapes' Lead Looms for Cooper Newsman to Be Glorified". Los Angeles Times. p. A10.
- Edwin Schallert (20 June 1946). "'Exile' to Head Doug's Independent Program". Los Angeles Times.
- "Fairbanks Agrees to Make 3 Films: Actor and International Sign Production Deal--He Will Have Lead in 'The Exile' Laraine Day as Alice Adams Of Local Origin". The New York Times. 20 June 1946.
- "Of Local Origin". New York Times. 26 July 1946. p. 16.
- Schallert, Edwin (Nov 4, 1946). "'Red Dust' Repeat May Star Marilyn Maxwell". Los Angeles Times. p. A2.
- Scheuer, Philip (Jan 19, 1947). "This Town Called Hollywood". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. g8.
- Scheuer, Philip K. (Dec 16, 1946). "Texas Corrals McCrea; SOS Calls Lizabeth". Los Angeles Times. p. A3.
- Thomas, K. (Nov 5, 1978). "DOUGLAS FAIRBANKS JR. AT 68: SEMIRETIRED 'ACTOR FELLOW'". Los Angeles Times. ProQuest 158771879.
- "Paule Croset Wins Role 'Because She Was Ready': New Film Personality, Tyrolean Blond, Selected for 'The Exile' by Douglas Fairbanks Jr". Los Angeles Times. Mar 9, 1947. p. B1.
- THOMAS F. BRADY (Apr 3, 1947). "MYRNA LOY SIGNED FOR 'THE RED PONY': Will Portray Ranch Owner in Milestone Film Version of Steinbeck Story". New York Times. p. 32.
- Bacher, Lutz. Max Ophüls in the Hollywood Studios. p. 64.
- HEDDA HOPPER (Aug 31, 1947). "THIS MOVIE JOB IS A SETUP: LOOKING AT HOLLYWOOD". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. g6.
- "Movie Billing Tangle in Court". Los Angeles Times. June 21, 1947. p. 8.
- "Helen Forrest and Film Actor to Be Married". Los Angeles Times. Nov 27, 1947. p. A1.
- "FERRER MAY STAR IN FILM FOR GEIGER: Producer Plans to Do Movie of 'Moby Dick' and Stage Veteran Agrees to Role". New York Times. Dec 4, 1947. p. 41.
- Scheuer, Philip K. (Dec 21, 1947). "DRAMA AND THE ARTS: Problems of Prestige Give Showmen Grief". Los Angeles Times. p. C1.
- THOMAS F. BRADY (Aug 3, 1947). "UNITED ARTISTS REMAINS DIVIDED: Pickford-Chaplin Impasse Blocks Reorganization -- Other Studio Notes". New York Times. p. X3.
- Schallert, Edwin (Dec 1, 1947). "DRAMA AND FILM: John Wayne to Head Ford's 'Family' Cast". Los Angeles Times. p. A2.
- Article on film at Turner Classic Movies accessed 10 January 2014