The Britons was an English anti-Semitic and anti-immigration organisation founded in July 1919 by Henry Hamilton Beamish. The organisation published pamphlets and propaganda under imprint names: Judaic Publishing Co. and later (The) Britons Publishing Society. These entities mainly engaged in disseminating anti-Semitic literature and rhetoric in the United Kingdom and called for greater nationalism, being considered academically among the forefront of British Fascists. Imprints under the first label exist for 1920, 1921, and 1922.

The Britons
The Britons.png
SuccessorBritons Publishing Society (incorporated 1922) (dissolved and defunct, 1975)
Formation1919
Extinction1931 (chiefly limited to publishing house and its sponsorship)
TypeNationalism
Anti-Jewish sentiment
Racial discrimination
Cultural conservatism
PurposePolitical organisation and publishing instrument
Location
Key people
Henry Hamilton Beamish
John Henry Clarke

HistoryEdit

The scholar Sharman Kadish writes:

But the most extreme group disseminating anti-Semitic propaganda in the early 1920s - indeed the very first organisation set up in Britain for this express purpose - The Britons.

The group was founded in London in 1919 by Henry Hamilton Beamish, who had developed an antisemitic viewpoint when he spent time in South Africa. Beamish wrote The Britons' constitution and the group was launched at a meeting of 14 people chaired by John Henry Clarke.[1] The group held monthly meetings in London and launched its own publishing imprint, The Judaic Publishing Company Ltd., which was to be the source of much anti-Semitic and conspiratorial literature.[1] Beamish became involved with the Silver Badge Party but by 1919 had left Britain altogether after facing damages for a libellous poster against Sir Alfred Mond and, becoming a vehement anti-Semite, progressing to Nazi propagandist.[2]

The Britons continued under John Henry Clarke, a homeopathy advocate, as Chairman and Vice-President (with the Southern Rhodesia-based Beamish continuing as president) from the formation of the group until his death in 1931. Clarke helped the party to work with the right wing of the Conservative Party[citation needed], and to attract such members as Arthur Kitson and Brigadier-General R. B. D. Blakeney.

The group claimed that its only aim was to get rid of all the Jews in Britain by forcing them to emigrate to Palestine. Only those who could prove English blood up to grandparent level were allowed membership (despite the name 'Britons'). Group activities centred mainly on publishing, with journals such as Jewry Uber Alles, The British Guardian and The Investigator (which began publishing in 1937 and used a swastika as its emblem and regular motto 'For Crown and Country, Blood and Soil). These featured contributions from some of the most fanatical and notorious anti-Semites, including Joseph Banister and George Clarke, 1st Baron Sydenham of Combe, as well as translations of work by Nazi race theorist Alfred Rosenberg.[3]

They also published anti-Semitic books including a translation allegedly by Victor E. Marsden, of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion. It has been noted that Marsden had died on 28 October 1920; the Britons ceased publication of the first imprint which Norman Cohn states came out in 1921. However, the earliest imprint bearing the name of Marsden held by the British Library has date 1922 and whose online catalogue shows that it was imprinted by the Britons Publishing Society. No scholarly work exists on Marsden, a one-time correspondent for The Morning Post, and there has not yet been an accounting of how precisely his name came to be associated with the publication of The Protocols. In August 1921, the text was conclusively exposed by Philip Graves as a plagiarism. The translation used was made by George Shanks for Eyre & Spottiswoode. Researcher Nick Toczek claims that for the sum of £30, The Britons purchased a set of printing plates and the publishing rights to The Jewish Peril: The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion from that company.[4] The Britons continued to publish and sell The Protocols for the rest of their existence, eventually producing 85 editions.[5] Known from 1922 onwards as the Britons Publishing Company, this separate publishing arm produced material for such groups as the British Union of Fascists and other UK anti-Semitic and fascist organizations until 1975.

Short of funding, The Britons was little more than the board of the publishing "house" after Clarke's death in 1931, soon run by solicitor James D. Dell until 1949.[6] It was largely inactive during the Second World War. It was later revived first by Anthony Gittens and then by A. F. X. Baron. The board launched a new anti-Semitic, far-right publication Free Britain, which featured contributions from Arnold Leese and Colin Jordan,[7] but was largely defunct as a political organization by the 1950s.

BibliographyEdit

AntisemiticaEdit

Scholarly referencesEdit

  • Robert Benewick, Political Violence and Public Order, (London: 1969)
  • Sharman Kadish, Bolsheviks and British Jews, The Anglo-Jewish Community, Britain and the Russian Revolution, London, (1992)
  • Gisela C. Lebzelter, Political Anti-Semitism in England 1918-1939 (New York: Holmes & Meier Publishers, Inc., 1978)
ISBN 0-8419-0426-X
  • Ibid., (London: Macmillan, in association with St. Antony’s College, Oxford, 1978)
ISBN 0-333-24251-3
  • Nick Toczek, Haters, Baiters and Would-be Dictators: Anti-Semitism and the UK Far Right (Abingdon: Routledge, 2016)
  1. ^ a b Toczek 2016, p. 83.
  2. ^ Toczek 2016, p. 38.
  3. ^ Toczek 2016, p. 269.
  4. ^ Toczek 2016, p. 85.
  5. ^ Toczek 2016, p. 94.
  6. ^ Toczek 2016, p. 96.
  7. ^ Toczek 2016, p. 257.
  • Toczek, Nick (2016). Haters, Baiters and Would-be Dictators: Anti-Semitism and the UK Far Right (Abingdon: Routledge).

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit