The Book of Lost Tales

The Book of Lost Tales is a collection of early stories by the English writer J. R. R. Tolkien, published as the first two volumes of Christopher Tolkien's 12-volume series The History of Middle-earth, in which he presents and analyses the manuscripts of those stories, which were the earliest form (begun in 1917) of the complex fictional myths that would eventually comprise The Silmarillion. Each of the Tales is followed by notes and a detailed commentary by Christopher Tolkien.[1]

The Book of Lost Tales
Cover has a drawing of a winged dragon looking toward a castle in the background
Volume 1, illustrated by John Howe
EditorChristopher Tolkien
AuthorJ. R. R. Tolkien
LanguageEnglish
SeriesThe History of Middle-earth
Release number
1, 2
SubjectTolkien's legendarium
Genre
PublisherGeorge Allen & Unwin (UK)
Houghton Mifflin (US)
Publication date
  • 1983 (Vol. 1)
  • 1984 (Vol. 2)
Publication placeUnited Kingdom
Media typePrint
Pages297 (Vol. 1, first edition)
400 (Vol. 2, first edition)
ISBN0-395-35439-0 (Vol. 1)
0-395-36614-3 (Vol. 2)
Followed byThe Lays of Beleriand 

For publication the book was split into two volumes: The Book of Lost Tales 1 (1983) and The Book of Lost Tales 2 (1984), but this is simply an editorial division. Each volume contains several "Lost Tales".

Content

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 The HobbitThe Lord of the RingsThe SilmarillionUnfinished TalesThe Annotated HobbitThe History of The HobbitThe History of The Lord of the RingsThe Lost Road and Other WritingsThe Notion Club PapersJ. R. R. Tolkien's explorations of time travelThe Book of Lost TalesThe Lays of BeleriandThe Shaping of Middle-earthThe Shaping of Middle-earthMorgoth's RingThe War of the JewelsThe History of Middle-earthNon-narrative elements in The Lord of the RingsLanguages constructed by J. R. R. TolkienTolkien's artworkTolkien's scriptsPoetry in The Lord of the Ringscommons:File:Tolkien's Legendarium.svg
Navigable diagram of Tolkien's legendarium. The Book of Lost Tales is among his earliest Middle-earth writings.

Outline, with later equivalents in The Silmarillion

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The Book of Lost Tales Storyteller The Silmarillion
Book I
1. "The Cottage of Lost Play" Vairë (frame story omitted by Christopher Tolkien)
2. "The Music of the Ainur" Rúmil "Ainulindalë"
3. "The Coming of the Valar and the Building of Valinor" Rúmil "Valaquenta"
1. "Of the Beginning of Days"
- 2. Of Aulë and Yavanna
4. "The Chaining of Melko"
5. "The Coming of the Elves and the Making of Kôr"
Meril-i-Turinqi 3. "Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor"
4. "Of Thingol and Melian"
5. "Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië"
6. "The Theft of Melko and the Darkening of Valinor"
7. "The Flight of the Noldoli"
Lindo 6. "Of Fëanor and the Unchaining of Melkor"
7. "Of the Silmarils and the Unrest of the Noldor"
8. "Of the Darkening of Valinor"
9. "Of the Flight of the Noldor"
8. "The Tale of the Sun and Moon"
9. "The Hiding of Valinor"
Lindo
Vairë
11. "Of the Sun and Moon and the Hiding of Valinor"
10. "Gilfanon's Tale: The Travail of the Noldoli and the Coming of Mankind"
unwritten; 2 fragments and 2 outlines only
Gilfanon 10. "Of the Sindar"
12. "Of Men"
13. "Of the Return of the Noldor"
14. "Of Beleriand and its Realms"
15. "Of the Noldor in Beleriand"
16. "Of Maeglin"
17. "Of the Coming of Men into the West"
18. "Of the Ruin of Beleriand and the Fall of Fingolfin"
Book II
1. "The Tale of Tinúviel" Vëannë 19. "Of Beren and Lúthien"
- 20. "Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"
2. "Turambar and the Foalókë" Eltas 21. "Of Túrin Turambar"
3. "The Fall of Gondolin" Ilfinion 23. "Of Tuor and the Fall of Gondolin"
4. "The Nauglafring" Ailios 22. "Of the Ruin of Doriath"
5. "The Tale of Eärendel"
unwritten; 3 outlines and 4 poems only
- 24. "Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
6a. "The End of the Tales"
unwritten; 1 outline, 4 notes, epilogue only
6b. "The History of Eriol or Ælfwine"
unwritten; 2 outlines (based on 19 notes), 2 poems, 1 fragment only
- -

Inscriptions

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There is an inscription in the Fëanorian characters (Tengwar, an alphabet Tolkien devised for High-Elves) in the first pages of every History of Middle-earth volume, written by Christopher Tolkien and describing the contents of the book. The inscription in Book I reads "This is the first part of the Book of the Lost Tales of Elfinesse which Eriol the Mariner learned from the Elves of Tol Eressëa, the Lonely Isle in the western ocean, and afterwards wrote in the Golden Book of Tavrobel. Herein are told the Tales of Valinor, from the Music of the Ainur to the Exile of the Noldoli and the Hiding of Valinor."

The inscription in Book II reads "This is the second part of the Book of the Lost Tales of Elfinesse which Eriol the Mariner learned from the Elves of Tol Eressëa, the Lonely Isle in the western ocean, and afterwards wrote in the Golden Book of Tavrobel. Herein are told the Tales of Beren and Tinúviel, of Turambar, of the Fall of Gondolin and of the Necklace of the Dwarves."

Reception

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General

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The science fiction critic Dave Langford reviewed The Book of Lost Tales II in 1984 for White Dwarf #59, stating that he had mixed feelings about it, since while it provided some added depth, he was not sure that every detail was worth "annotating with such ghastly solemnity."[2]

The science fiction author Colin Greenland reviewed The Book of Lost Tales in 1985 for Imagine magazine, and stated that "Those who prefer their fairy-tales sophisticated, in weighty prose with scholarly footnotes and appendices, will plunge joyously into J R R Tolkien's first Book of Lost Tales."[3]

Scholarly

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The scholar Charles Noad, reviewing Part 1 in Mallorn in 1984, notes the mismatches between the names in the book and those in The Silmarillion, the many alternative names, and the varying attributes of the characters when the name remains unchanged. He likens the book's relationship to The Silmarillion to that of a charcoal sketch and the oil painting that it precedes: much work is evidently needed. Further, Tolkien's prose style is at this point still "immature and unsophisticated". Noad quotes Christopher Tolkien's remark that development was usually "by subtle transformation". He finds "very extraordinary" the revelation that the island that the wanderer Eriol sets foot on is what would become England. He notes, too, what he calls a major problem facing Tolkien: how "to present his mythology in the proper perspective", commenting that it was meant to be "a survival from the remotest antiquity". That, Noad writes, requires an indirect approach, which The Hobbit eventually provided: the legendarium became the distant past to the story in the foreground. He concludes that the book will be mainly of [literary] 'archaeological' interest "and cannot be recommended to the casual reader".[4]

Noad, in his review of Part 2, comments that the reviewer's task faces the problem that the sort of comparisons a review would normally make have already all been made, in "abundant detail", by Christopher Tolkien in his commentary and notes. But it was still striking, he wrote, how Beren is here an Elf, not a Man; and Lúthien rescues him not from Sauron but from Tevildo, Prince of Cats. Noad finds it remarkable how much the story had changed, given that the tale of Lúthien and Beren was so important to Tolkien. Of the volume as a whole, Noad comments that it is less "cosmographic" than Part 1, but has a stronger narrative thread. All the same, he feels it is "more of use to the curious" or the researcher than a stand-alone work; he finds the writing "stilted", failing to achieve its intended effects. Evidently, he concludes, Tolkien did not acquire his finished prose style quickly or easily. Noad praises Christopher Tolkien's editing, setting out the complicated materials "astonishingly well".[5]

The Tolkien scholar Vladimir Brljak, writing in Tolkien Studies in 2010, notes that Tolkien's comment in Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics, that Beowulf was already antiquarian when written, and is now "an echo of an echo",[6][7] bringing poignant vistas of sad times long gone by, was also a defence of his own writings, where he followed the Beowulf poet in deliberately seeking to create an impression of depth. He did this in the two Books of Lost Tales by creating "an intricate metafictional structure", embedding his works in a framework of "translations of redactions of ancient works, telling of things even more ancient." Brljak argues that this framework is "both the cornerstone and crowning achievement of Tolkien's mature literary work."[6]

See also

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References

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  1. ^ Whittingham, Elizabeth A. (2017). The Evolution of Tolkien's Mythology: A Study of the History of Middle-earth. McFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-1174-7.
  2. ^ Langford, Dave (November 1984). "Critical Mass". White Dwarf (59). Games Workshop: 12.
  3. ^ Greenland, Colin (May 1985). "Fantasy Media". Imagine (review) (26). TSR Hobbies: 47.
  4. ^ Noad, Charles (1984). "Untitled [Review: The Book of Lost Tales - Part One]". Mallorn (21): 11–13. JSTOR 45321535.
  5. ^ Noad, Charles (1984). "Untitled [Review: The Book of Lost Tales - Part Two]". Mallorn (22): 17–20. JSTOR 45320106.
  6. ^ a b Brljak, Vladimir (2010). "The Books of Lost Tales: Tolkien as Metafictionist". Tolkien Studies. 7 (1): 1–34. doi:10.1353/tks.0.0079. ISSN 1547-3163. S2CID 170676579.
  7. ^ Tolkien, J. R. R. (1997) [1983]. The Monsters and the Critics. London: HarperCollins. p. 33. ISBN 978-0-261-10263-7.