The Bard (American horse)

The Bard (1883–1907) was an American Champion Thoroughbred racehorse. He was the most popular horse of his day and one who raced and beat many leading American horses. His biggest win was the 1886 Preakness Stakes.

The Bard
Harper's Weekly (May 31, 1890)
SireLongfellow
GrandsireLeamington
DamBradamante
DamsireWar Dance
SexStallion
Foaled1883
CountryUnited States
ColourBay
BreederCharles Reed
OwnerAlexander J. Cassatt
TrainerJohn Huggins
Record47: 27–9–4
EarningsUS$84,990
Major wins
Red Bank Stakes (1885)
Bouquet Stakes (1885)
Capital Stakes (1885)
Omnibus Stakes (1886)
Barnegat Stakes (1886)
Spindrift Stakes (1886)
Dixie Handicap (1886)
Freehold Stakes (1886, 1887)
September Stakes (1886)
Jerome Handicap (1886)
Coney Island Stakes (1887)
St. James Hotel Stakes (1887, 1888)
Brooklyn Handicap (1888)
Brooklyn Cup (1888)

American Classics wins:
Preakness Stakes (1886)

Awards
Thoroughbred Heritage Champions:[1]
American Co-Champion Three-Year-Old Colt (1886)
American Co-Champion Older Male Horse
(1887, 1888)

Last updated on April 12, 2020

Background edit

Bred by Charles Reed, owner of the Fairview Stud Farm in Gallatin, Tennessee, his dam was Bradamante and his sire was the U.S. Racing Hall of Fame inductee, Longfellow, who was the Leading sire in North America in 1891. The Bard was purchased and raced by Alexander Cassatt, President of the Pennsylvania Railroad, and, in racing, the owner of Chesterbrook Farm in Berwyn, Pennsylvania and President of Monmouth Park Racetrack. He was trained by John Huggins.

Racing career edit

The Bard raced at age two in 1885, notably winning the Red Bank Stakes at Monmouth Park,[1] the Bouquet Stakes at Sheepshead Bay Race Track, and the Capital Stakes at the Ivy City Racetrack in Washington, D.C.

As a three-year-old, The Bard developed into a top competitor. In the pre-United States Triple Crown era, he won the 1886 Preakness Stakes[2] and finished second in the Belmont Stakes.[3] The following year, The Bard's performances led to his being recognized as the best Older Male in America in 1887, despite missing much of the second half of the year with a life-threatening illness.[4] His popularity at the time was such that regular bulletins of his condition were released and published by major newspapers across the country.[5]

Recovered from his illness, The Bard returned to dominate American racing in the first half of 1888. In a much anticipated event, on May 15 he defeated Hanover to win the 1888 Brooklyn Handicap.[6] Eleven days later on May 26, The Bard met Hanover again in the 1½ mile Brooklyn Cup at Gravesend Race Track on Coney Island.The field also included Lucky Baldwin's highly regarded California colt, Volante. The following day's New York Times headline was "The Bard Wins The Cup; He Is America's Greatest Race Horse".[7] The Bard lost his only race of 1888 when he injured a hind leg in the August 2, 1888, Freehold Stakes, which was won by Firenze at Long Branch Racetrack. On April 4, 1889, the New York Times reported that: "The Bard may not be seen on the turf again this year, owing to the trouble with his leg, which caused him to stop racing suddenly last year." Although his owner hoped he might recover in time to compete in the Brooklyn Derby and Suburban Handicap, the injury was serious enough that he would never race again.

From 1885 through 1888, The Bard won 27 races and earned $84,990.[8]

Stud career edit

On May 16, 1889 the Times again wrote that The Bard had still not raced and later reports show him standing at stud at his owner's Pennsylvania breeding farm.

The mainstay of Alexander Cassat's horse breeding operation, and after his death in 1906, for his son Edward, The Bard sired a number of successful runners including Gold Heels, the 1902 American Champion Older Male Horse, and the filly, Poetess, winner of the 1897 Alabama Stakes.

The Bard died in 1907.[9][10]

Pedigree edit

Pedigree of The Bard
Sire
Longfellow
Leamington Faugh-a-Ballagh Sir Hercules
Guiccioli
Pantaloon Mare Pantaloon
Daphne
Nantura Brawner's Eclipse American Eclipse
Henry Mare
Quix Bertrand
Lady Fortune
Dam
Bradamante
War Dance Lexington Boston
Alice Carneal
Reel Glencoe
Gallopade
Brenna Knight of St. George Birdcatcher
Maltese
Levity Trustee
Tranby Mare

References edit

  1. ^ "Surprises At Monmouth; The Favorite A Victor In Only One Of The Races. The Bard, Katrine, And Heel And Toe Capture Purses--A Programme Of Short Races. Helped By A Foul. A Big Purse For The Bard. Katrine's Maiden Victory. Heel And Toe's Backers Pleased. The Favorite Left At The Post. The Steeplechase". The New York Times. July 31, 1885.
  2. ^ "Winning Racing Honors" (PDF). The New York Times. May 22, 1886. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
  3. ^ "All About The Bard". The New York Times. March 28, 1887. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
  4. ^ "A Great Horse Dying". The New York Times. August 20, 1887. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
  5. ^ "The Bard's Illness". The New York Times. August 19, 1887. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
  6. ^ "The Bard Beats Hanover". The New York Times. May 16, 1888. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
  7. ^ "The Bard Wins The Cup". The New York Times. May 27, 1888. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
  8. ^ "Chat About The Racers" (PDF). New York Times. March 18, 1889. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
  9. ^ The American Stud Book, Volume X. New York: The Jockey Club. 1910. p. 1324.
  10. ^ "Great Horse The Bard Dead". The New York Times. February 7, 1908. Retrieved December 10, 2011.