September Stakes (United States)

The September Stakes was an American Thoroughbred horse race held annually for the twenty-five years between 1884 and 1908 at Sheepshead Bay Race Track in Sheepshead Bay, New York. A race on dirt, it was open to three-year-old horses of either sex.[1] It was contested at various distances as follows:

  • 1884–1891 : 134 miles
  • 1892–1907 : 138 miles
  • 1908 : 1116 miles
September Stakes
Discontinued race
LocationSheepshead Bay Race Track, Sheepshead Bay, New York,
United States
Inaugurated1884
Race typeThoroughbredFlat racing
Race information
Distance316 miles
SurfaceDirt
Trackleft-handed
QualificationThree-year-olds

Historical notesEdit

First run on September 4, 1884, the race was won by George Lorillard's Louisette. Under Canadian jockey Harry Blaylock the filly led all the way and won with ease.[2]

The Thomas Clay McDowell colt Batten won the 1899 edition by 20 lengths in a canter with a time of 2:21 4/5 that at the time was only a fraction off the track record.[3]

Future Hall of Fame winnersEdit

The September Stakes would produce three winners whose racing careers achieved the sport's ultimate acknowledgement of greatness with induction into the U.S. Racing Hall of Fame. The first was Kingston, a part of the 1955 inaugural class, then Beldame in 1956 who was followed by Salvator in 1988.

The end of a race and of a racetrackEdit

The 1908 passage of the Hart–Agnew anti-betting legislation by the New York Legislature under Republican Governor Charles Evans Hughes led to a state-wide shutdown of racing in 1911 and 1912.[4][5] Sheepshead Bay Race Track officials had no choice but to cancel some races in order to maintain others. As such, the final running of the September Stakes took place on September 8, 1908.[6][7] A February 21, 1913 ruling by the New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division saw horse racing return in 1913.[8] However, it was too late for the Sheepshead Bay horse racing facility and it never reopened.[9][10]

RecordsEdit

Speed record:

  • 2:19.00 @ 138 miles: Nealon (1906)
  • 3:03.00 @ 134 miles: Peg Woffington (1888)

Most wins by a jockey:

Most wins by a trainer:

Most wins by an owner:

WinnersEdit

Year
Winner
Age
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Dist.
(Miles)
Time
Win$
1908 Big Chief 3 Carroll Shilling Henry E. Rowell Thomas H. Williams 1316 2:10.40 $3,100
1907 Blue Book 3 R. Lowe Stephen J. Lawler James F. Carroll 138 2:23.00 $3,700
1906 Nealon 3 Willie Dugan Herman R. Brandt Barney Schreiber 138 2:19.00 $4,370
1905 Von Tromp 3 Gene Hildebrand James G. Rowe Sr. James R. Keene 138 2:21.20 $4,065
1904 Beldame 3 Frank O'Neill Fred Burlew Newton Bennington (Lessee) 138 2:19.60 $4,060
1903 The Picket 3 Frank O'Neill Carroll B. Reed Waldeck Stable (John Middleton & Karl Jungbluth) 138 2:20.60 $3,055
1902 Caughnawaga 3 George M. Odom William Hayward Jr. John Sanford 138 2:22.00 $2,490
1901 Blues 3 Willie Shaw Thomas Welsh Frank Farrell 138 2:22.40 $2,455
1900 Killashandra 3 George M. Odom John W. Rogers William Collins Whitney 138 2:22.00 $2,525
1899 Batten 3 Henry Spencer Thomas Clay McDowell Thomas Clay McDowell 138 2:21.80 $1,960
1898 George Boyd 3 Danny Maher William Lakeland William Lakeland 138 2:25.00 $1,810
1897 Challenger 3 Alonzo Clayton Arthur White William Laimbeer 138 2:24.40 $1,925
1896 Captive 3 Willie Martin Patrick Dunne Patrick Dunne 138 2:22.80 $1,850
1895 Nanki Pooh 3 Willie Simms William Donohue Erie Stable (F. D. & J. A. Beard) 138 2:21.00 $1,950
1894 Dorian 3 Willie Simms John W. Rogers John W. Rogers 138 2:21.40 $2,020
1893 Bassetlaw 3 Anthony Hamilton Matthew M. Allen William Easton 138 2:24.00 $3,507
1892 Pactolus 3 Marty Bergen A. Wilson 138 2:22.00 $3,297
1891 Reckon 3 Fred Littlefield R. Wyndham Walden John A. & Alfred H. Morris 134 3:07.80 $2,225
1890 Judge Morrow 3 Fred Taral Green B. Morris Green B. Morris 134 3:09.00 $2,000
1889 Salvator 3 Jim McLaughlin Matthew Byrnes James Ben Ali Haggin 134 3:05.40 $2,475
1888 Peg Woffington 3 George Taylor William Lakeland William Lakeland 134 3:03.00 $3,475
1887 Kingston 3 Jim McLaughlin Frank McCabe Dwyer Brothers Stable 134 3:04.00 $3,350
1886 The Bard 3 William Hayward Sr. John Huggins Alexander Cassatt 134 3:05.00 $3,800
1885 Hidalgo 3 Patsy Duffy William R. Claypool James Ben Ali Haggin 134 3:09.50 $3,375
1884 Louisette 3 Harry Blaylock Matthew Byrnes George L. Lorillard 134 3:07.25 $2,450

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Condensed History of the September Stakes". Daily Racing Form. 1907-09-11. Retrieved 2020-02-11 – via University of Kentucky Archives.
  2. ^ "Four Winning Favorites – Louisette Never Headed". New York Times. 1884-09-05. p. 2. Retrieved 2020-02-24.
  3. ^ "Sheepshead Bay Races". New York Times. 1899-09-08. p. 5. Retrieved 2020-04-07.
  4. ^ "Penalties in the New York Bills". Daily Racing Form. 1908-01-18. Retrieved 2018-10-26 – via University of Kentucky Archives.
  5. ^ "Race Track Bill Defeated In Senate; Measure Modifying Directors' Liability for Gambling Fails of Passage". The New York Times. July 14, 1911. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  6. ^ "Big Chief's September Thomas H. Williams's Colt Beats Fair Play in a Close Contest for Stake Feature at Coney Island Track". Daily Racing Form. 1908-09-09. Retrieved 2020-03-14 – via University of Kentucky Archives.
  7. ^ "Stake Dates at Sheepshead Bay". Daily Racing Form. 1909-08-17. Retrieved 2020-04-02 – via University of Kentucky Archives.
  8. ^ "Oral Betting Held Legal: Appellate Division of New York Supreme Court Renders Important Decision". Daily Racing Form. 1913-02-22. Retrieved 2019-06-29 – via University of Kentucky Archives.
  9. ^ "Destruction Wrought by Hughes". Daily Racing Form. 1908-12-15. Retrieved 2018-11-30 – via University of Kentucky Archives.
  10. ^ "Famous Old Track is Sold". Daily Racing Form. 1914-11-17. Retrieved 2018-11-30 – via University of Kentucky Archives.