The 3 Worlds of Gulliver
The 3 Worlds of Gulliver is a 1960 Eastmancolor Columbia Pictures fantasy film loosely based upon the 1726 Irish novel Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift. The film stars Kerwin Mathews as the title character, June Thorburn as his fiancée Elizabeth, and child actress Sherry Alberoni as Glumdalclitch.
|The 3 Worlds of Gulliver|
|Directed by||Jack Sher|
|Produced by||Charles H. Schneer|
|Written by||Arthur Ross|
|Music by||Bernard Herrmann|
|Edited by||Raymond Poulton|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|December 16, 1960|
Filmed in England and Spain, Gulliver was directed by Jack Sher and featured stop-motion animation and special visual effects by Ray Harryhausen. The cast includes Martin Benson as Flimnap, Lee Patterson as Reldresal, Jo Morrow as Gwendolyn, Mary Ellis as the Queen of Brobdingnag, Marian Spencer as the Empress of Lilliput, Peter Bull as Lord Bermogg, and Alec Mango as the Minister of Lilliput.
In 1699, Dr Lemuel Gulliver is an impoverished surgeon who seeks riches and adventure as a ship's doctor on a voyage around the world. His fiancée Elizabeth strongly wishes for him to settle down, and the two quarrel.
Gulliver embarks on the voyage and is soon discovered that Elizabeth has stowed away aboard his ship to be near him. A storm develops and sweeps him overboard. Gulliver is washed ashore on Lilliput, a land of tiny humans who see him as a threatening giant. The Lilliputians are afraid of Gulliver and tie him down with stakes to the beach, but he eases their fears by performing several acts of kindness. An old quarrel between Lilliput and neighboring Blefuscu is revived, and Gulliver lends a hand by towing Blefuscu's warships far out to sea. Lilliput's Emperor then views the giant as a threat to his throne after Gulliver is critical of the reasons for the war. Gulliver escapes in a boat he had previously built when the Emperor orders his execution.
He makes his way to a large isle Brobdingnag, unaware that it was inhabited by Brobdingnagians, a race of 60 foot giants. After making shore, he encounters a very kind 40 foot peasant brobdingnagian girl named Glumdalclitch finds him on the shore and carries him to the castle of King Brob. Their law requires that all tiny people be brought to the King, who has a collection of "tiny animals". Gulliver is delighted to find Elizabeth, who was washed ashore following a shipwreck. The King installs the two in a dollhouse and lets Glumdalclitch look after them.
The King marries Gulliver and Elizabeth. After the wedding. Gulliver and Elizabeth go outside to celebrate but are attacked by a giant squirrel, which drags Gulliver into its burrow. Glumdalclitch, however, is alerted and saves Gulliver by pulling him out of the burrow using her hair. When Gulliver later defeats the King at Chess and cures the Queen of a simple stomach-ache, Prime Minister Makovan accuses Gulliver of witchcraft. Gulliver's attempts at explaining science to them, but this is taken as further "proof". After being forced to say what the King wanted to hear from him, he orders his execution and pits his pet crocodile against Gulliver, who is able to slay the creature. The King orders him burned, but Glumdalclitch saves Gulliver and Elizabeth from the pursuing Brobdingnagians by placing them in her sewing basket and tossing the basket into a brook that flows out to the sea.
Gulliver and Elizabeth wake on a beach with Glumdalclitch's small basket behind them. A passer-by of their own size indicates they are only a short distance from their home in England. Elizabeth asks if it had all been a dream. Gulliver, now happy to settle down with Elizabeth, replies that the bad qualities of the pettiness of Lilliput and ignorance of Brobdingnag are inside everyone. When Elizabeth asks about Glumdalclitch, Gulliver gives her a knowing look and says that she has yet to be born.
- Kerwin Mathews as Dr. Lemuel Gulliver
- Jo Morrow as Gwendolyn
- June Thorburn as Elizabeth
- Lee Patterson as Reldresal
- Grégoire Aslan as King Brob
- Basil Sydney as Emperor of Lilliput
- Charles Lloyd-Pack as Makovan
- Martin Benson as Flimnap
- Mary Ellis as Queen of Brobdingnag
- Marian Spencer as Empress of Lilliput
- Peter Bull as Lord Bermogg
- Alec Mango as Minister of Lilliput
- Sherri Alberoni as Glumdalclitch
- Oliver Johnston as Mr. Grinch
- Waveney Lee as Shrike - Makovan's daughter
The project began as a script by Arthur Ross. He and producer Elliot Lewis pitched a fantasy film to NBC which would combine two Gulliver's Travels stories, "Lilliput" and "Brobdingdang". NBC approved and liked the script but Ross says the project fell over due to a strike by the Writers Guild. Then Jack Sher became attached as producer and the project was set up at Universal as a feature.
Charles Schneer said Bryan Foy developed the property at Columbia. When Foy moved to Warner Bros, Ben Kahane, who was a chief executive, gave the project to Schneer. Schneer says that Ross and Sher rewrote the script with Ross doing most of the writing.
In October 1958 it was announced Charles Schneer would produce Gulliver's Travels to be directed by Jack Sher. It would be the second film featuring "Dynamation" of Ray Harryhausen - The 7th Voyage of Sinbad was the first. Columbia would distribute.
According to Kerin Matthews, Columbia wanted Jack Lemmon to play the lead but when he turned it down the part went to Kerwin Matthews who had been in Sinbad. Schneer says Sher wanted Lemmon but Columbia didn't. "He was considered a comedy actor, and wasn't taken seriously as a dramatic actor. Also, I don't think Harry Cohn wanted Lemmon to do the picture. So, Kerwin was really our only other choice. He was one of the few American actors who could play a classical role, and would look right in a period costume."
Jo Morrow made the film at the same tiem as she was appearing in Our Man in Havana. She had an affair with Jack Sher during filmmaking and says it affected her performance.
Schenner later said:
Sher wanted to make a name for himself as a director but he didn't have sufficient experience to direct the picture. It was the first time we had that problem with a director. Fortunately, we had a wonderful cameraman named Wilkie Cooper. Ray, Wilkie and I directed the camera, and we let Sher talk the actors through their lines. We didn't want to undermine him with the actors, so we would tell him, 'This is what we want. Please do it'— and he would. Sher got the screen credit, but he was out of his depth, and he knew it.
Sher claimed the main problem with the film was not having a large enough budget. The film's premiere was in aid of charity, in the presence of Her Royal Highness, Princess Margaret.
In The New York Times of December 17, 1960, Eugene Archer praised the film's technical achievement in stop-motion animation and enthusiastically recommended it for children but noted, "adults will find it all too mechanical to really capture the imagination, and may resent the unclear ending that seems certain to provoke some youthful queries. They should be grateful for a children's film that treats a classic without condescension or burlesque."
Ray Harryhausen did the squirrel and crocodile sequences in the film. The oldest Harryhausen model still existing that was made for the film is the squirrel from Gulliver, obtained from a taxidermist by Harryhausen. The original armatured model of the crocodile used in the film was mysteriously lost.
Comic book adaptionEdit
- Weaver, Tom (May 1998). "Anatomy of a Merman". Starlog. p. 64-65.
- Swires, Steve (February 1990). "Maestro of the Magicks Part Two". Starlog. p. 66.
- Schneer, Muhl Plan 'Gulliver's Travels': Feature Will Use Dynamation Process; Cukor Forms Company Scott, John L. Los Angeles Times 6 Oct 1958: C13.
- ' GULLIVER' TRAVELS IN DYNAMATION By LON JONESMADRID. New York Times 13 Sep 1959: X9.
- Gulliver' Demands Movie Ingenuity The Christian Science Monitor 24 Sep 1959: 4.
- Swires, Steve (June 1987). "Kerwin Matthews The Perilous Voyages of Sinbad". Starlog. p. 31,64.
- Weaver, Toom (January 1998). "Morrow's Travels". Starlog. p. 24.
- Newsom, Ted (Spring 1995). "King of Imagination Ray Harryhausen Part Two". Imagi Movies. Vol. 2 no. 3. p. 14-17.
- Archer, Eugene (December 17, 1960). "' 3 Worlds of Gulliver' Opens at the Forum". The New York Times. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
- "Dell Four Color #1158". Grand Comics Database.
- Dell Four Color #1158 at the Comic Book DB (archived from the original)