The Texas tortoise (Gopherus berlandieri ), is a species of tortoise in the family Testudinidae. The species G. berlandieri is one of six species of tortoises that are native to North America.

Texas tortoise
Texas Tortoise (Gopherus berlandieri) (57391706).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Cryptodira
Superfamily: Testudinoidea
Family: Testudinidae
Genus: Gopherus
Species:
G. berlandieri
Binomial name
Gopherus berlandieri
(Agassiz, 1857)
Synonyms[1]
  • Xerobates berlandieri
    Agassiz, 1857
  • Testudo berlandieri
    Strauch, 1862
  • Xerobates gopher berlandieri
    Gray, 1873
  • Testudo tuberculata
    Berlandier, 1882 (nomen nudum)
  • Gopherus berlandieri
    Stejneger, 1893
  • Gopherus polyphemus berlandieri
    Mertens & Wermuth, 1955
  • Gopherus berlandierii [sic]
    Reeves, 1975 (ex errore)
  • Scaptochelys berlandieri
    — Bramble, 1982
  • Gopherus berlanderi [sic]
    Rogner, 1996 (ex errore)

Geographic rangeEdit

G. berlandieri is found from southern Texas southward into the Mexican states of Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas.

EtymologyEdit

The specific epithet, berlandieri, is in honor of naturalist Jean Louis Berlandier, who worked for the Mexican government on one of the first biological surveys of Texas.[1][2] As such, some sources refer to it as Berlandier's tortoise.[2][3]

BiologyEdit

The Texas tortoise, unlike other species of gopher tortoise, is not an adept burrower. Its preferred habitat is dry scrub and grasslands. Succulent plants, a preferred food of the Texas tortoise, are common in these areas. It especially likes the fruit of cacti such as the prickly pear.

Conservation statusEdit

Though considered an animal of low concern by the IUCN Red List, the Texas tortoise is listed as a threatened species in the state of Texas, and thus protected by state law. It is illegal to collect or possess them.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fritz, Uwe; Havaš, Peter (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World" (PDF). Vertebrate Zoology. 57 (2): 280–281. ISSN 1864-5755. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-01. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Berlandier's Tortoise Gopherus berlandieri ", p. 24).
  3. ^ Bour, Roger. (2016) Where and when was Jean Louis Berlandier born? Notes on Jean Louis Berlandier. I. Bibliotheca Herpetologica. volume 12. number 1 & 2. pages 18-40.

External linksEdit