Tengri Qaghan

Tengri Qaghan (Old Turkic: 𐱅𐰭𐰼𐰃:𐰴𐰍𐰣) (734 or 739 or 740 – 741) was the sixth ruler of the Second Turkic Khaganate.

Tengri Khagan
腾格里可汗
Qaghan of the Second Turkic Khaganate
Reign739-741
PredecessorYollıg Khagan
SuccessorKutluk Yabgu Khagan (Usurper)
Ashina Shi (Basmyl chief)
Özmiş Khagan (son of Pan Kul Tigin)
RegentPo Beg
BornAshina Kutluk
阿史那骨咄
Died741
IssuePrincess Yuzhu (餘燭公主) [1]
HouseAshina
FatherBilge Qaghan
MotherPo Beg
ReligionTengrism

BackgroundEdit

He was the second son of the fourth ruler, Bilge Khagan, and was preceded by his elder brother Yollig Khagan. Tengri was a minor and dominated by his mother Po Beg.

ReignEdit

In 740, Xuanzong sent his envoy Li Zhi (李質) who declared him Tengri Khagan.[2] His mother El Bilge Khatun and chancellor Yusi Tarkhan (飫斯達幹)[3] conspired together to centralize the state and kill the cousins who were ruling as governors in the west and the east. While they succeeded killing the western shad, the eastern shad Pan Kul Tigin rebelled and marched on the capital. He captured Tengri and executed him, causing his mother and regent El Bilge Khatun to flee.

After deathEdit

Pan Kul Tigin crowned another brother of Tengri in 741 and himself as regent. However, he was soon defeated by rebelling Basmyl chief Ashina Shi (阿史那施), another rebel who was his nephew.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zhenqing, Yan. "Special report". zh.wikisource.org (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-07-29.
  2. ^ Ahmet., Taşağil (1995–2004). Gök-Türkler. Atatürk Kültür, Dil, ve Tarih Yüksek Kurumu (Turkey). Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi. ISBN 975161113X. OCLC 33892575.
  3. ^ "New Book of Tang, vol 215B / 新唐書/卷215下 - 维基文库,自由的图书馆" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-07-29.

SourcesEdit

Tengri Qaghan
Preceded by Khagan of the Second Turkic Khaganate
739 - 741
Succeeded by