The Telavi uezd[a] was a county (uezd) of the Tiflis Governorate of the Caucasus Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire, and then of Democratic Republic of Georgia, with its administrative center in Telavi.[1] The area of the county roughly corresponded to the contemporary Samtskhe-Javakheti region of Georgia.

Telavi uezd
Телавскій уѣздъ
Coat of arms of Telavi uezd
Location in the Tiflis Governorate
Location in the Tiflis Governorate
CountryRussian Empire
ViceroyaltyCaucasus
GovernorateTiflis
Established1801
Abolished1930
CapitalTelavi
Area
 • Total2,461.53 km2 (950.40 sq mi)
Population
 (1916)
 • Total67,955
 • Density28/km2 (72/sq mi)
 • Urban
14.75%
 • Rural
85.25%

HistoryEdit

Following the Russian Revolution, the Telavi uezd was incorporated into the short-lived Democratic Republic of Georgia.[1]

Administrative divisionsEdit

The subcounties (uchastoks) of the Telavi uezd in 1913 were as follows:[2]

Name 1912 population Area
Kvarelskiy uchastok (Кварельскій участокъ) 23,201 1,336.08 square versts (1,520.54 km2; 587.08 sq mi)
Tsinondalskiy uchastok (Цинондальскій участокъ) 29,869 826.83 square versts (940.98 km2; 363.32 sq mi)

DemographicsEdit

Russian Empire CensusEdit

According to the Russian Empire Census, the Telavi uezd had a population of 66,767 on 28 January [O.S. 15 January] 1897, including 35,895 men and 30,872 women. The majority of the population indicated Georgian to be their mother tongue, with a significant Armenian speaking minority.[3]

Linguistic composition of the Telavi uezd in 1897[3]
Language Native speakers %
Georgian 57,357 85.91
Armenian 4,754 7.12
Tatar[b] 1,873 2.81
Avar-Andean 1,752 2.62
Russian 694 1.04
Ossetian 88 0.13
Imeretian 74 0.11
German 34 0.05
Jewish 24 0.04
Ukrainian 23 0.03
Kazi-Kumukh 19 0.03
Persian 17 0.03
Polish 17 0.03
Dargin 8 0.01
Greek 7 0.01
Turkish 5 0.01
French 4 0.01
Assyrian 2 0.00
Belarusian 2 0.00
Chechen 2 0.00
Kyurin 1 0.00
Kist 1 0.00
Latvian 1 0.00
Lithuanian 1 0.00
Other 7 0.01
TOTAL 66,767 100.00

Kavkazskiy kalendarEdit

According to the 1917 publication of Kavkazskiy kalendar, the Telavi uezd had a population of 67,955 on 14 January [O.S. 1 January] 1916, including 36,276 men and 31,679 women, 65,422 of whom were the permanent population, and 2,533 were temporary residents:[6]

Nationality Urban Rural TOTAL
Number % Number % Number %
Georgians 2,757 27.50 54,221 93.60 56,978 83.85
Armenians 7,068 70.50 1,412 2.44 8,480 12.48
North Caucasians 8 0.08 1,300 2.24 1,308 1.92
Asiatic Christians 0 0.00 873 1.51 873 1.28
Russians 135 1.35 105 0.18 240 0.35
Other Europeans 22 0.22 18 0.03 40 0.06
Jews 22 0.22 0 0.00 22 0.03
Sunni Muslims[c] 14 0.14 0 0.00 14 0.02
TOTAL 10,026 100.00 57,929 100.00 67,955 100.00

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^
  2. ^ Prior to 1918, Azerbaijanis were generally known as "Tatars". This term, employed by the Russians, referred to Turkic-speaking Muslims of the South Caucasus. After 1918 with the establishment of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, and "especially during the Soviet era", the Tatar group identified itself as "Azerbaijani".[4][5]
  3. ^ Primarily Turco-Tatars.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Tsutsiev 2014.
  2. ^ Кавказский календарь на 1913 год, pp. 164–175.
  3. ^ a b "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". www.demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2022-06-30.
  4. ^ Bournoutian 2018, p. 35 (note 25).
  5. ^ Tsutsiev 2014, p. 50.
  6. ^ Кавказский календарь на 1917 год, pp. 206–213.
  7. ^ Hovannisian 1971, p. 67.

BibliographyEdit

Coordinates: 41°55′0″N 45°29′0″E / 41.91667°N 45.48333°E / 41.91667; 45.48333