Tejarat Bank (Persian: بانک تجارت, Bank Tejarat, Mercantile Bank also "Commerce Bank") is an Iranian Bank.[4]

Tejarat Bank
Company typePublic
Financial services
PredecessorIranians Bank
Founded1979; 45 years ago (1979)
HeadquartersTehran, Iran
Area served
Middle East
Key people
ProductsConsumer banking, corporate banking, finance and insurance, investment banking, mortgage loans, wealth management, credit cards,
Revenue9,381,724 m IRR
Total assets36,331,810 m IRR
Number of employees
SubsidiariesPersia International Bank

History (1887 – 1995)


In 1887 a British bank named The East Modern Bank (Bank Jadid Sharq) established branches in some cities of Iran such as Tehran, Tabriz, Rasht, Mashhad, Isfahan, Shiraz, and Bushehr. In 1888, on the basis of a 60-year concession awarded to Baron Paul Reuter (the founder of Reuters News Agency) by Naser od-Din Shah, (Qajar shah of Iran: 1848-96), the facilities of The East Modern Bank were assigned to Bank Shahanshahi.

The dealing center in Tehran and the bank were recognized under the laws of Britain, and London was its main center. This bank established some branches in other cities of Iran, and also in various other countries. The exclusive privileges of publishing paper money, tax exemption, performing commercial-industrial affairs, profiting from all subterranean resources, etcetera was awarded to the mentioned bank. Concentration of the governmental accounts and the treasury funds in Bank Shahi and the said bank's interference in marital and civic affairs led to its absolute domination of the financial affairs of Iran. Bank Shahi was a private institution.

Bank Shahi continued to be active under the same title until February 1949 when its 60-year concession expired, and thereafter renamed "British Bank in Iran and Middle East", it continued to be active until August 1952 without the former concession and rights. Gradually as a result of the anti-colonialism campaigns of the Iranian people and the statement of Ayatollah Kashani on September 20, 1951, the bank was dismissed from all the banking transactions such as gavel bills, opening current accounts, and any kinds of banking works. Finally, on November 7, 1952, after Bank Shahi's 60-year concession expired, a bank named Bank Bazargani (which means Commerce Bank in Persian) with 100% investment in Iran bought the place of Bank Shahi for an amount of IRR 36’000’000 and a national institution took the place of a foreign institution. The capital of the bank was IRR 1’500’000’000 divided to 150’000 registered shares of IRR 10’000 all of which were paid. The said bank on March 20, 1978, had 102 branches in Tehran, 140 branches in other cities of Iran, two branches outside the country (Hamburg and London), and a total of 3801 employees.

To execute the Banks Nationalization Act approved in 1979 and subsequently in execution of the bank's integration; integrating Bank Bazargani, five domestic commercial banks, and six previous multi-nationality banks which were active in international and domestic fields, Bank Tejarat (which means Mercantile or Commerce Bank in Persian) was established.[5]

Recent history

Former Main Building

In 2009 the bank was partially privatized, with the Iranian state remaining as a minority shareholder.[6]

In January 2014, the European General Court in Luxembourg ruled to annul the European Union (EU) sanctions in place since 2012 against the bank on grounds of supporting the Iranian nuclear program as there was inadequate evidence supporting the claim. Sanctions will remain in place giving time for the EU to appeal the decision, or to re-impose sanctions on different legal grounds.[6] In April 2015 sanctions were re-imposed on new legal grounds.[7] All sanctions were lifted after the Iran's deal with the six world powers on the nuclear program resulted in the embargo being lifted.[8][9]

International branches


Tejarat Bank has six branches in other countries.[1]

Subsidiary companies


Tejarat Bank is one of the main shareholders of Kardan Investment Bank alongside Saman Bank and Middle East Bank which was founded in 2014.

Cooperation with UNICEF


For the first time in 2018, Tejarat Bank has signed a memorandum of cooperation with UNICEF to improve the health, nutrition, education, care and overall well-being of children in Iran. and extended this cooperation again in August 2023.[10]

See also



  1. ^ a b :: Tejaratbank-Branches ::. Tejaratbank.ir. Retrieved on March 13, 2011.
  2. ^ :: Tejaratbank-Board Of Directors ::
  3. ^ :: Tejaratbank-Board Of Directors ::
  4. ^ Non-Government-Owned Banks. Cbi.ir. Retrieved on March 13, 2011.
  5. ^ :: Tejaratbank-Home ::. Tejaratbank.ir. Retrieved on March 13, 2011.
  6. ^ a b Adrian Croft (January 22, 2015). "EU court annuls sanctions on Iranian bank, shipping firms". Reuters. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
  7. ^ Adrian Croft (April 8, 2015). "EU re-imposes sanctions on Iranian bank, 32 shipping firms". Reuters. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  8. ^ "Information Note on EU sanctions to be lifted under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)" (PDF).
  9. ^ "Iran's Tejarat Bank Sues EU after embargo is lifted".
  10. ^ "To promote children's well-being: UNICEF and Tejarat Bank extend partnership for three more years". www.unicef.org. Retrieved January 4, 2024.