Tamgha-i-Jurat (Medal of Courage), is the fourth highest military award of Pakistan. This citation is awarded for extraordinary heroism while engaged in armed combat with an opposing force on Pakistan soil or outside its borders. The award was established in 1957 after Pakistan became a republic, however, it was instituted retrospectively back to 1947. This medal is awarded for various types of high risk tactical missions like combat, tactical reconnaissance and infiltration and can be bestowed upon all ranks, commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers, in the Pakistan Army, Navy, Air Force, and various paramilitary forces under federal control such as the Frontier Corps, the Frontier Constabulary and the Pakistan Rangers.[2][3] Ranked below the Sitara-i-Jurat on the order of precedence, the Tamgha-i-Jurat is the equivalent to the Military Cross in the U.K Commonwealth honours system and the Silver Star in the United States honours system.[4]

TypeMilitary Decoration
Awarded for"... Gallant and distinguished service performed in combat..." [1]
Presented byPakistan
EligibilityMilitary only (Conferrable on all ranks)
StatusCurrently awarded
Established16 March 1957[2]
Next (higher)(1) Nishan-i-Haider
(2) Hilal-i-Jurat
(3) Sitara-i-Jurat
Next (lower)Imtiazi Sanad

List of RecipientsEdit

Pakistan Army

  • Subaidar Abdul aziz magray, TJ 1971
  • Sep. Noor Mohammad shaheed, TJ 51punjab regiment date of shahadat (4.12.1971) in Kashmir
  • Sep. Farman Ali from Shishakt, Hunza (1st Punjab Regiment) TJ, 1948
  • Maj. Habib ur Rehman Qureshi AJK, 1971
  • Lieutenant Colonel Derek Joseph, 1971
  • Lt Col Muhammad Akram khan (Mardan) Embraced martyrdom on 05-Dec-1971 at the age 28
  • Lance Havaldar Laal Khan (Baloch Regiment), TJ, 1958
  • Capt. Aftab Ahmed TJ
  • Hon. Capt Falak Sher TJ 1971
  • Capt Ghulam Hussain Cheema TJ 1965
  • Havaldar Muhammad Karim NLI (15 july) (TJ) 1999
  • Sepoy Liaquat Ali, 1 Sind Regiment while serving with 24 Sind Regt 1999
  • Khushi Muhammad TJ TK1 1965
  • Lance Naik Laal Hussain TJ 1965
  • Defedar Rana Abdul Majeed Khan, TJ 1965
  • Col Mirza Hassan Khan
  • Capt Sabir Shah TJ
  • N/Sub Ibarat Shah TJ, Northern Scout 1947
  • Hav Khayal Akbar Khan Orakazi, TJ,(7 FF 1948)
  • Havaldar Hukamdad Abbasi TJ
  • Lance Naik Shadab Wali Khan TJ, 39 Baloch 1971
  • Sep/Clk Muhammad Akbar TJ, 4 Punjab, 1971
  • Col/ Muhammad Saleem TJ
  • Maj/ Muhammad Iftikhar Ahmad TJ, 1971, Army Aviation, Choor Sector
  • Sep Muhmad Ghraz (6 NLI) TJ, 1999
  • Cap.Asfandyar Bukhari (11 FFR) TJ 1, 2015
  • Captain Roohullah (Baloch Light Commando Battalion), 2016
  • Lance Nayek Syed Munawar Hussain Shah (3 FFR) TJ, 1965
  • Lt Khalil Ahmad Shaheed (650 Mujahid Regiment) TJ, 1991

Pakistan Air Force

Gallantry 1965

Posthumous 1965

  • Leading Aircraftman Muhammad Anwar Hussain Khan TJ

Gallantry 1965

  • Master Warrant Officer M Ashfaq TJ
  • Master Warrant Officer M Hafeez TJ
  • Corporal M Omer Ali TJ
  • Corporal Sher Mohammad TJ
  • Corporal Technician Ghulam Abbas TJ
  • Corporal Technician Muhammad Ghazanfar Pak 76361 TJ

Posthumous 1971

  • Flight Lieutenant Javed Iqbal TJ
  • Flight Lieutenant Syed Shahid Raza TJ

Gallantry 1971

  • Flight Lieutenant Ghulam Murtaza Malik TJ
  • Flight Lieutenant Taloot Mirza TJ
  • Flight Lieutenant Maqsood Amir TJ
  • Flight Lieutenant Javed Latif TJ
  • Flight Lieutenant Abdul Karim Bhatti TJ
  • Warrant Officer Abdul Haq shah TJ
  • Senior Technician Sajjad A Shah TJ
  • Senior Technician Asghar Ali TJ
  • Corporal Muhammad Ghazanfar TJ
  • Corporal M Afzal Abbasi TJ
  • Junior Technician Muhammad Latif TJ

Gallantry 2006

  • 2nd Lieutenant Imran Ahmed Khan TJ

February 2019

  • Sq Leader Hasan Mehmood Siddiqui was awarded Tamgha-i-Jurat - Pakistan and India were involved in a rare aerial engagement which had ignited fears of an all-out conflict. On February 27, PAF shot down two Indian warplanes in Pakistan’s airspace and captured Indian pilot Abhinandan Varthaman who was released on March 1 as a “peace gesture”.
  • Wing Commander Noman Ali was conferred Sitara-i-Jurat


Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ PAF Combat website on military awards Archived 2007-03-17 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b Robertson, Megan. "Medal of Courage (Tamgha-i-Jur'at)". Medals.org. Retrieved 2009-06-06.
  3. ^ "Honours and Awards". Pakistan Army. Archived from the original on 2009-07-05. Retrieved 2009-06-06.
  4. ^ SAMA TV
  5. ^ https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2019/08/14/paf-pilots-noman-ali-hasan-awarded-with-military-medals-for-downing-indian-jet/[bare URL]

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit