The TR-1 Temp (Russian: Темп-С, Temp-S, meaning "Speed") is a mobile theatre ballistic missile developed and deployed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. It was assigned the NATO reporting name SS-12 Scaleboard and carried the industrial designation 9M76 and the GRAU index 9К76. A modified version was initially identified by NATO as a new design and given the SS-22 reporting name, but later recognized it as merely a variant of the original and maintained the name Scaleboard. The Temp entered service in the mid-1960s.
| TR-1 Temp |
9P120 launcher with 9M76 rocket of missile complex Temp-S
|Type||Theatre ballistic missile|
Short-range ballistic missile
|Place of origin||USSR|
|In service||1969 - 1989|
|Used by||Soviet Armed Forces|
|Manufacturer||Votkinsk Machine Building Plant|
|Mass||9,700 kg (21,400 lb)|
|Length||12.4 m (41 ft)|
|Diameter||1.01 m (3 ft 4 in)|
|Warhead||Single 500 kt warhead|
|Engine||Single-stage liquid propellant|
|800 km (500 mi) (SS-12)|
900 km (560 mi) (SS-22)
|Accuracy||750 m (0.47 mi) CEP (SS-12)|
370 m (0.23 mi) CEP (SS-22)
The TR-1 was designed as a mobile weapon to give theatre (front) commanders nuclear strike capability. The weapon used the same mobile launcher (MAZ-543) as the R-17 Scud missile but had an environmental protective cover that split down the middle and was only opened when the missile was ready to fire. All were decommissioned in 1988-1989.
- Soviet Union
- The Soviet Armed Forces were the only operator of the TR-1 Temp. It was also placed in countries of Warsaw Pact for example Hranice (39) in Czechoslovakia, and Königsbrück (19), Bischofswerda (8), Waren (22) and Wokuhl (5) in East Germany. Its active reach from there covered whole West Germany, parts of Scandinavia, France and Netherlands.
- TR-1 / SS-12 SCALEBOARD. Federation of American Scientists.
- "Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles - Memorandum of Understanding". State Department web site. Retrieved November 7, 2013.
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