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Tõnis Kint (17 August [O.S. 5 August] 1896 – 5 January 1991) was an Estonian politician. He served as "Prime Minister in duties of the President" (in other words, Estonian head of state in exile) from 23 December 1970 to 1 March 1990.

Tõnis Kint
Prime Minister in duties of the President
In office
23 December 1970 – 1 March 1990
Preceded byAleksander Warma
Succeeded byHeinrich Mark
Acting Prime Minister of Estonian Exile Government
In office
Preceded byAleksander Warma
Succeeded byHeinrich Mark
Minister of Agriculture of Estonian Exile Government
In office
Preceded byKaarel Liidak
Succeeded byElmar Järvesoo
Personal details
Born(1896-08-17)17 August 1896
Paasioja, Suure-Jaani Parish, Viljandi County, Estonia
Died5 January 1991(1991-01-05) (aged 94)
Örnsköldsvik, Sweden
Spouse(s)Salme Redlich, since 1953 Magda Marianne Rassmann
ChildrenArne Kint, Oole Kint

From 7 April 1938 member of the Chamber of Deputies. 1953-1963 Estonian Minister of Agriculture, 1963-1970 Acting Prime Minister of the Estonian Government in Exile.


Kint graduated from the High School of Sciences in Tartu. In 1916, he studied in the building department of the Riga Polytechnical School, which was later evacuated to Moscow. In 1918, he studied in the agricultural department of the Baltic Technical University, opened in Riga by the German occupation administration. In 1920-1928, he studied intermittently at the agricultural department of Tartu University. In 1924, he received additional education in the agricultural and veterinary department in Copenhagen Agricultural and Veterinary University.

Military careerEdit

In 1916, Kint was mobilised to the Russian Army, finished military school at Tsaritsyn (known today as Volgograd in Russia) in 1917. During the First World War, he served in an infantry regiment of the Russian Army. In the beginning of 1918, Kint joined a newly formed Estonian regiment at Viljandi. From 1918 to 1920 he fought in the Estonian War of Independence on the broad-tracked armour train No. 2, as Commander of its machine-gun commandos. At the end of the war he was promoted to Lieutenant and acting commander of the train.

Life after the warsEdit

From 1928 to 1932, Kint was Head of the Agricultural Bookkeeping Department. From 1932 to 1938, he served as Assistant and Managing Director of the department. From 1938 to 1940, he was Director of the Chamber of Agriculture. In 1940, he put up a candidacy on the Riigivolikogu elections as one of the counter-candidates of the "Estonian Working People's Union." His candidacy was deleted with other counter-candidacies. During the German occupation was director of the market management department in the Eesti Omavalitsus (Estonian Self-Government), he was released due to conflicts with the occupation power. Thereafter lived in his father's farm and worked in the Estonian Consumers' Centre.

In 1944, Kint escaped to Sweden. From 1945 to 1949 was employed at the Uppsala Agricultural University (at Ultuna) as archive assistant, 1945-51 an agricultural adviser in the Stockholm County, and in 1951-1975 a researcher for the Swedish Agricultural Union (Landbrukarnas Riksförbund) and in its Agricultural Economics Research Institute (Jordbrukets Utredningsinstitut), in 1957 Editor-in-Chief of the "Teataja" newspaper. He resigned from this job in 1975.

From 1950 he was a Member of the Board and later an Honorary Member of the Agricultural Union of Free Estonians. From 1971 to 1975, he was Chairman of the Estonian National Council, Honorary Member and Honorary Chairman of the Estonian Agronomists' Society in Sweden and Honorary Member of the Swedish Society for the Development of Rural Regions (Sällskapet för Landbygdsutveckling).

In 1983 he became a Chevalier of the Polish Order of Restitution (Order Odrodzenia Polski).

Kint had many publications in the field of agriculture. He also published his memoirs, and the book The Broad Tracked Armour Train No. 2 in the War of Liberty with Edvin Reinvaldt.

External linksEdit